Israel Allied With the Gulf Countries Against Iran?
Nazeeha Said, December 2017
Despite their condemnation of Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, several Gulf countries, primarily Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, have opened channels of dialogue with Israel. It is supposed to face the “Iranian threat”, but are their citizens ready to accept the (...)
How France Participates in the Yemen Conflict
Arms Sales and War Crimes
Warda Mohamed, Tony Fortin, September 2017
From 11 to 15 September, Geneva will be hosting the Conference of States Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty. The world’s third largest purveyor of armaments, France has a privileged relationship in this area with Saudi Arabia and its allies. According to hitherto undisclosed data revealed to Orient (...)
Is Cooperation Possible to Develop Joint Oil Fields in the Arabo-Persian Gulf?
Pierre Fabiani, August 2017
The crisis between Qatar and its neighbors has highlighted the tensions across the Arabo-Persian Gulf, which are not limited to hostility between Tehran and Riyadh. Cooperation in the exploitation of hydrocarbons could help to ease regional crises.
To unitize oil and gas (O&G) fields (...)
Is Saudi Arabia selling off Aramco for peanuts?
Pierre Terzian, May 2017
A central measure of the Deputy Crown-Prince’s “Vision 2030” is to partially sell off state-owned Aramco. But discontent is brewing online and in royal circles, writes Pierre Terzian.
When it comes to the price of oil, some exporting countries have just one urgent priority: to restore their oil (...)
U.S. Policies in the Middle East under the Trump Presidency
Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, April 2017
Donald Trump has not yet formulated a clear foreign policy doctrine. But state appointments as well as the first decisions taken about Syria or Yemen, or the decision to use the most powerful US non-atomic bomb in Afghanistan, reveal some broad orientations of the future US policy in the Middle (...)
Cheap Oil at its Third Anniversary
Jean-Pierre Séréni, April 2017
Less than six months after their November 2016 agreement to raise the price of crude oil to 58 dollars a barrel, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) members realised that supply still exceeded demand. In a single week, at the beginning of March 2017, this bitter truth (...)
Moscow Capital of the Middle East
Waiting for Donald Trump
Alain Gresh, March 2017
Russia now occupies a pivotal position in the Middle Eastern political chessboard. Its military presence in Syria, the axis created with Iran and Turkey have made the Russians a required partner for all sides in the ongoing war. But Russia is also caught up in the conflicts between its allies (...)
The United Arab Emirates have it in for the Muslim Brotherhood
Marc Cher-Leparrain, February 2017
Less populated and less hegemonic than Saudi Arabia, more discreet than Qatar, the United Arab Emirates has been not less active, especially since 2011, to fight political Islam in all its forms, with the Muslim Brotherhood as its main target. The federation is therefore in frontal opposition (...)
Saudi Arabia mired in the quicksand of the Middle East
Between War in Yemen and War of Succession
Alain Gresh, January 2017
Two years after his accession to the throne, King Salman faces many challenges. The intervention in Yemen is bogged down and Saudi Arabia suffers setbacks in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. While the economic reforms initiated are much criticized, the questions on his succession remain unanswered.
A Turbulent Time in Saudi-Egyptian Relations
Alain Gresh, December 2016
The failed attempts to mediate between Egypt and Saudi Arabia by several Gulf countries, including the United Arab Emirates, have confirmed the extent to which the two countries distrust one another. And yet only a few months ago they appeared bound by a strategic alliance. What has happened? (...)
Oman says No to Saudi Arabia
Marc Cher-Leparrain, January 2014
Unlike Saudi Arabia, locked into its hostility toward Iran, Oman has always been able to maintain good neighbouring policy with the Islamic Republic. While Riyadh sees Shia Iran as a dangerous political and religious rival to its own hegemony in the Gulf, Muscat sees it as a natural and (...)