The Militias in Iraq, From Popular Mobilization to Political Interference
Araz Muhamad Arash, Sylvain Mercadier, 6 February
The Popular Mobilization Units or Hashd al-Shaabi, formed in 2014 following a fatwa by grand ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, played a major role in countering the expansion of the Islamic State in Iraq. As the Islamic State was officially defeated last December, the future of the PMU is subject to (...)
When Iraqi Kurds demand change
Violent demonstrations, brutal repression
Rojbin Muslim, 11 January
While the Islamic Republic of Iran is experiencing violent street demonstrations widely covered by the Western press, little attention is paid to the situation in Iraqi Kurdistan which is in the throes of a serious political and economic crisis.
With this new episode of street protests and (...)
After the Defeat, The Arab Left on the Offensive
June 1967, an Endless Six-Day War
Nicolas Dot-Pouillard, August 2017
The defeat of the Arab armies in June 1967 did not immediately lead to the rise of the Islamist movements. During a brief period, the left filled the political void. In November, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) came into existence, led by the National Liberation Front (...)
Is Cooperation Possible to Develop Joint Oil Fields in the Arabo-Persian Gulf?
Pierre Fabiani, August 2017
The crisis between Qatar and its neighbors has highlighted the tensions across the Arabo-Persian Gulf, which are not limited to hostility between Tehran and Riyadh. Cooperation in the exploitation of hydrocarbons could help to ease regional crises.
To unitize oil and gas (O&G) fields (...)
Cheap Oil at its Third Anniversary
Jean-Pierre Sereni, April 2017
Less than six months after their November 2016 agreement to raise the price of crude oil to 58 dollars a barrel, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) members realised that supply still exceeded demand. In a single week, at the beginning of March 2017, this bitter truth (...)
Saudi Arabia mired in the quicksand of the Middle East
Between War in Yemen and War of Succession
Alain Gresh, January 2017
Two years after his accession to the throne, King Salman faces many challenges. The intervention in Yemen is bogged down and Saudi Arabia suffers setbacks in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. While the economic reforms initiated are much criticized, the questions on his succession remain unanswered.
From Climate Change to War
COP22 From Rhetoric to Action
Warda Mohamed, November 2016
The work of researchers has established that climate change and the monopolisation of resources are factors in the development of armed conflict and terrorist groups. These relatively little-explored connections are relevant in many areas of the world, including Syria, Iraq, Burma and numerous (...)
Turkey. When Dams Threaten World Heritage Sites
COP22 From Rhetoric to Action
Pelin Cengiz, November 2016
As the Turkish population is preoccupied with an intense political agenda, the historic town of Hasankeyf and the Dicle (Tigris) Valley keep fighting the Ilısu dam to survive. The dam threatens populations, Islamic heritage in Turkey, and a world heritage site in Iraq.
In 1954, a massive project (...)
Mosul, Key to the Future of a Unified Iraq
Take Back the City . . . and Then What?
Myriam Benraad, October 2016
Iraqi Premier Haïdar Al-Abadi and US President Barack Obama have promised impending defeat of the Islamic State organization (IS) in Mosul. However the battle for the nerve center of the “caliphate” is turning out to be more complex than expected. Besides which there is no telling whether this (...)