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  • As Khashoggi crisis grows, Saudi king asserts authority, checks son’s power : sources | Reuters

    DUBAI (Reuters) - So grave is the fallout from the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi that King Salman has felt compelled to intervene, five sources with links to the Saudi royal family said.

    Last Thursday, Oct. 11, the king dispatched his most trusted aide, Prince Khaled al-Faisal, governor of Mecca, to Istanbul to try to defuse the crisis.

    World leaders were demanding an explanation and concern was growing in parts of the royal court that the king’s son Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, to whom he has delegated vast powers, was struggling to contain the fallout, the sources said.

    During Prince Khaled’s visit, Turkey and Saudi Arabia agreed to form a joint working group to investigate Khashoggi’s disappearance. The king subsequently ordered the Saudi public prosecutor to open an inquiry based on its findings.

    “The selection of Khaled, a senior royal with high status, is telling as he is the king’s personal adviser, his right hand man and has had very strong ties and a friendship with (Turkish President) Erdogan,” said a Saudi source with links to government circles.

    Since the meeting between Prince Khaled and Erdogan, King Salman has been “asserting himself” in managing the affair, according to a different source, a Saudi businessman who lives abroad but is close to royal circles.

  • Why the Khashoggi murder is a disaster for Israel -
    The grisly hit-job on Khashoggi has implications far beyond its exposure of the Saudi Crown Prince as brutal and reckless. In Jerusalem and D.C., they’re mourning their whole strategic concept for the Mideast - not least, for countering Iran

    Daniel B. Shapiro
    Oct 17, 2018

    For Israel, this sordid episode raises the prospects that the anchor of the new Middle East realities it has sought to promote - an Israeli-Sunni Arab coalition, under a U.S. umbrella, to check Iran and Sunni jihadists - cannot be counted upon.
    And Israel must be careful how it plays its hand. There will, without question, be a U.S. response to Khashoggi’s murder, even if it is resisted by the Trump administration. It will not lead to a total dismantlement of the U.S.-Saudi alliance, but Congressional and public revulsion will have its price. 

    President Hassan Rouhani giving a speech on Iranian TV in Tehran on May 8, 2018.HO/AFP
    The price could include significant restrictions on arms sales that had been contemplated. It is already leading key U.S. investors to distance themselves from the major development projects MBS has promoted. At a minimum, there will be no replay of the warm, PR-friendly visit by MBS to multiple U.S. cities last March, no more lionizing of him in the American press as a reformer who will reshape the Middle East.
    Israel, which has a clear interest in keeping Saudi Arabia in the fold of U.S. allies to maximize the strategic alignment on Iran, will need to avoid becoming MBS’s lobbyist in Washington. Israel’s coordination with its partners in the region is still necessary and desirable. Simple realpolitik requires it. But there is a new risk of reputational damage from a close association with Saudi Arabia. 
    It won’t be easy for Israel to navigate these waters, as the Washington foreign policy establishment has quickly splintered into anti-Iran and anti-Saudi camps. The idea that the United States should equally oppose Iranian and Saudi brutality toward their peoples, and not let MBS’s crimes lead to a lessening of pressure on Iran over its malign regional activities, is in danger of being lost.
    For Israelis, that may be the biggest blow in the fallout of Khashoggi’s murder. MBS, in his obsession with silencing his critics, has actually undermined the attempt to build an international consensus to pressure Iran.
    The damage is broad. Trump may be an outlier. But what Member of Congress, what European leader, would be willing to sit with MBS for a consultation on Iran now?
    That is the greatest evidence of MBS’s strategic blindness, and the damage will likely persist as long as he rules the kingdom.
    Daniel B. Shapiro is Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Israel, and Senior Director for the Middle East and North Africa in the Obama Administration. Twitter: @DanielBShapiro

  • One man’s (very polite) fight against media Islamophobia | News | The Guardian

    News about Muslims in the British press is rarely positive, but it is never scarce. Consider these stories, published across a typical month towards the end of 2016. In the Times on 9 November 2016, an article announced: “Islamist School Can Segregate Boys and Girls.” On the Daily Express website, nine days later: “Anger as less than A THIRD of Muslim nations sign up to coalition against Isis.” In the Sun online, on 1 December: “SECRET IS SAFE: Half of British Muslims would not go to cops if they knew someone with Isis links.” On the Daily Express site the day after: “New £5 notes could be BANNED by religious groups as Bank CAN’T promise they’re Halal.” On ITV News, the same day: “Half of UK Muslims would not report extremism.” Two days later, in the Sunday Times: “Enclaves of Islam see UK as 75% Muslim.” The Mail on Sunday, that same day: “Isolated British Muslims are so cut off from the rest of society that they see the UK as 75% Islamic, shock report reveals.” And another version, in the Sun online: “British Muslims are so cut-off from society they think 75% of the UK is Islamic, report reveals.”

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    No other community in Britain receives such regular torrents of bad press. But that is not the most shocking thing about these articles. Every single one of them was misleading. And they were not just lightly dotted with inaccuracies. The chief premise of each piece – the premise articulated in the headline – was dead wrong.

  • Polluted water leading cause of child mortality in Gaza, study finds -

    With 43 Olympic swimming pools worth of sewage water flowing from Gaza toward Israel and Egypt daily, researchers say local epidemic is only a matter of time
    By Yaniv Kubovich Oct 16, 2018
    0comments Print Zen

    Illness caused by water pollution is a leading cause of child mortality in the Gaza Strip, says a study by the RAND Corporation, a copy of which was obtained by Haaretz.
    The study shows that water pollution accounts for more than a quarter of illnesses in Gaza and that more than 12 percent of child deaths up until four years ago was linked to gastrointestinal disorders due to water pollution. Since that time these numbers have continued to grow.
    The collapse of water infrastructure has led to a sharp rise in germs and viruses such as rotavirus, cholera and salmonella, the report says.

    The data appear in a study by Dr. Shira Efron, a special adviser on Israel and policy researcher at RAND’s Center for Middle East Public Policy; Dr. Jordan Fishbach, co-director of the Water and Climate Resilience Center at RAND; and Dr. Melinda Moore, a senior physician, policy researcher and associate director of the Population Health Program at RAND.
    The researchers based their study on previous cases in the world in which wars and instability created a water crisis and hurt infrastructure, such as in Iraq and Yemen, where mortality has been on the rise and other health problems have surfaced. In the period studied, they collected material from various officials in Gaza, the Palestinian Authority, Israel, Jordan and Egypt.

    The emergency department at Shifa Hospital, the largest medical facility in Gaza, March 29, 2017. MOHAMMED SALEM/REUTERS
    The RAND Corporation is an apolitical American non-profit that advises governments and international organizations on formulating public policy.

    Gaza’s water crisis dates back more than a few years. The Israeli company Mekorot began supplying water to the territory in the 1980s. But since Hamas’ rise to power and the disengagement from Gaza in 2005, and the repetitive fighting since Operation Cast Lead at the turn of 2009 have significantly worsened the situation.
    Today 97 percent of drinking water in the Strip is not drinkable by any recognized international standard. Some 90 percent of residents drink water from private purifiers, because the larger installations have been damaged by fighting or have fallen into disuse since they couldn’t be maintained. The current situation, according to the study, is that Gaza is incapable of supplying enough water for its 2 million inhabitants.

  • Les Tunisiennes n’ont pas besoin des éloges d’Emmanuel Macron

    Code du statut personnel

    Nous n’oublions pas les luttes de la femme tunisienne depuis l’indépendance ; nous n’oublions pas les noms de Radhia Haddad, première députée tunisienne élue en 1959, Bchira Ben Mrad, illustre féministe tunisienne qui a passé toute sa vie en résidence surveillée, et tant d’autres… C’est une erreur de penser que les droits de la femme et le féminisme tunisien débutent avec une loi pour l’égalité dans l’héritage ou le droit de se marier à un non musulman. Il convient de remonter plus loin ; puiser dans l’Histoire, du côté du réseau Taht Essour (« Sous les remparts ») par exemple, ces « illuminés » tunisiens maniant « l’ironie et l’humour noir » qui ont marqué la culture tunisienne à jamais ; remonter à la fondation de Carthage par Alyssa, qui n’est autre qu’une femme – la première féministe ?

    Il serait également judicieux de s’intéresser à la condition des femmes au temps de la France coloniale. Qui n’a jamais souhaité libérer les femmes. Ni les éclairer de ses lumières. Les Maghrébines n’avaient aucune importance pour Paris, qui aurait pu, par exemple, lorsque le droit de vote a été accordé aux Françaises en 1944, faire un geste de l’autre côté de la Méditerranée. Mais non. Les Tunisiennes n’ont obtenu le droit de se rendre dans l’isoloir qu’en 1959, après la mise en place quelques années plus tôt du Code du statut personnel (CSP), premier grand pas vers l’égalité des sexes, par Habib Bourguiba. On pourrait même pousser le raisonnement plus en avant en affirmant que la France coloniale a encouragé une forme de conservatisme, certains Maghrébins, inquiets pour leur religion, sombrant alors dans le fanatisme…

    Ton néocolonialiste

    Quant à la lutte contre l’obscurantisme évoquée par M. Macron, elle ne peut être entreprise que par ceux qui en ont souffert, semble-t-il. Et ce n’est pas la France qui est venue au secours de l’Algérie lors de la décennie noire, ce n’est pas la francophonie qui a vidé nos mosquées des intégristes, tout comme Paris n’a contribué en rien à éradiquer le terrorisme en Algérie. Un constat valable pour la Tunisie : qu’a fait « l’Hexagone » pour venir en aide et soutenir la révolution tunisienne ? Le chef de l’Etat français a une langue a défendre, soit. Mais adopter un ton néocolonialiste pour saluer les efforts de la Tunisie, non. Pourquoi ne pas remplacer les discours par davantage d’actions de soutien ?

    La femme tunisienne s’est toujours battue, avant tout pour elle-même et les générations futures – et non dans le but d’être présentée comme un modèle à suivre pour l’Afrique. Dommage que le Président Essebsi n’ai pas saisi l’occasion pour faire à son tour une piqûre de rappel à Emmanuel Macron. Ce dernier connaît-il Tahar Haddad, écrivain féministe de l’aube du 20ème siècle, grand esprit novateur et militant de l’émancipation des femmes ? Sait-il que les Tunisiennes ont eu accès à l’avortement en 1973, soit quelques années avant les Françaises (1975) et près de deux décennies avant les Belges (1990) ? Le féminisme tunisien n’a rien à envier à ses homologues. Pas plus que les Tunisiennes n’ont de leçon à recevoir de quiconque.

  • 7 injured, 4 detained, including Israelis, at Khan al-Ahmar
    Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M. (Updated : Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M.)

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Seven Palestinians were injured and four others were detained, including two Israelis and one international activist, after Israeli forces stormed the Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem, on Monday.

    Israeli forces escorting bulldozers stormed Khan al-Ahmar, in order to raze and level the land, in preparation for the demolition of the village and displacement of its residents.

    Dozens of Palestinians and international activists attempted to stand in the way of bulldozers to prevent them from reaching the village, however, bulldozers found another route through a nearby illegal Israeli settlement into the village. (...)


  • A relire

    Wikileaks: Egyptian media and journalists go to Saudi for financing | MadaMasr

    Since the Wikileaks website began posting leaked documents from the Saudi Arabian government, the issue of the Kingdom financing Egyptian media channels, journalists and researchers has garnered major attention.  

    While the first group of documents released on the website on June 19 contained details regarding funding requests by pro-regime journalist Mostafa Bakry and religious preacher Amr Khalid, unpublished documents received by Mada Masr, upon an agreement with Wikileaks, has shed light on new names and details.

    Requests for funding from the Saudi government varied, and in some cases was in exchange for writing articles, the fees for which were collected from the embassy.

    One of the documents, titled “Bill of the representative of Dar al-Helal Institution,” is a memo raised by the head of the media affairs department at the Saudi Foreign Ministry to the deputy minister of culture and media in the Kingdom, requesting the disbursement of a check of US$68,000 to the state-owned Egyptian Dar al-Helal in February 2012 “for publishing a series of weekly articles throughout the pilgrimage season 1432 H on the achievements of Saudi Arabia in renovating and expanding the two holy mosques and other recent projects.”

    During the period referred to in the cables, writer Abdel Qader Shohaieb was head of the board of Al-Helal institution, while Hamdi Rizk, a staunch supporter of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government, was editor-in-chief of Al-Mosawar, one of its publications. Al-Helal is considered one of the oldest media publishing houses in Egypt and the region.

    Other publications were not as successful in collecting funds in exchange for publishing articles favoring the Kingdom, especially when the request for funding came after publishing without prior coordination.

  • #Jonction_48

    Dans la ville de Lod, banlieue de #Tel-Aviv, cohabitent Israéliens juifs et arabes. #Udi_Aloni s’est intéressé à cette population mélangée malgré toutes les vicissitudes historiques et politiques locales.

    Le héros est un certain Kareem, figure locale du rap, filmé dans son quotidien entre concerts, amourettes, rapports aux parents et débrouille des quartiers populaires. Kareem est joué par Tamer Nafar, authentique rappeur de Lod, alors que beaucoup des seconds rôles sont tenus par ses amis de la scène rap.

    Un ancrage documentaire qui fait le prix de cette chronique nous instruisant que si les gouvernements de la région (singulièrement celui d’Israël) s’entêtent dans un statu quo inique, certains habitants n’attendent pas et vivent au quotidien la paix et la #mixité ethnique, religieuse ou culturelle. Une double #émancipation est ici à l’œuvre : celle de #Juifs et d’Arabes qui vivent ensemble malgré tout et celle d’une jeunesse qui s’affranchit des conservatismes de ses ascendants.

    Jonction 48 rappelle que le cinéma israélien est souvent israélo-palestinien et en première ligne de la contestation de l’ordre établi.

    #film #Israël #musique #rap #arabes #Palestiniens #Palestine #harcèlement #expulsion #absent_présent #humiliations #Lod #coexistence #démolition #patriarcat #conservatisme #present_absentees

  • Palestinian shot dead after alleged stabbing attack near Salfit
    Oct. 15, 2018 2:22 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 15, 2018 4:25 P.M.)

    SALFIT (Ma’an) — A Palestinian was shot and killed by Israeli forces, on Monday, after he allegedly attempted to stab Israeli soldiers in the Barkan industrial area, near the illegal Israeli settlement of Ariel near Salfit City in the northern occupied West Bank.

    Hebrew-language news outlets reported Israeli forces opened fire at a Palestinian after he allegedly attempted to stab several Israeli soldiers at the Gitai Avishar Junction.

    Locals identified the identity of the killed Palestinian as Elias Saleh Yassin , 22, from the Bidya village in western Salfit.

    The Israeli army confirmed that no injuries were reported among Israelis.


  • Justine Sachs et Nadia Abu-Shanab réagissent à la décision du tribunal israélien concernant leur lettre ouverte à Lorde
    Nadia Abu-Shanab et Justine Sachs – Écrivaines invitées – The Spinoff – 12 octobre 2018 - Traduction : JPP pour l’Agence Média Palestine - Source :

    Un tribunal israélien a condamné Justine Sachs, néo-zélandaise juive, et Nadia Abu-Shanab, palestinienne néo-zélandaise, à payer des milliers de dollars après que Lorde ait annulé un concert à Tel Aviv. Après de très nombreuses propositions de soutiens financiers, les deux femmes expliquent ici pourquoi elles tiennent à rassembler l’argent – non pas pour un tribunal étranger, mais à l’attention des gens ordinaires de Gaza.

    déjà cité là :

  • Ces intellectuels qui critiquent tous les pouvoirs autoritaires… sauf le marocain | Omar Brousky,2685

    Leïla Slimani, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Rachid Benzine · À la Une du Nouveau Magazine littéraire de mai 2018 affichée sur les kiosques parisiens, on pouvait lire : « Libres. Leïla Slimani-Esli Erdoğan : contre toutes les tyrannies. » Toutes les tyrannies ? Pas sûr. Qu’ils s’appellent Tahar Ben Jelloun, Rachid Benzine ou Leïla Slimani, pour ces intellectuels franco-marocains, l’aspiration à la démocratie s’arrête, brusquement, aux portes du palais royal. Source : Orient XXI

  • What’s so bad about assimilation? -

    Lucy Aharish and Tzachi Halevy may actually spawn a much more moral and civilized race than the one that has arisen here so far

    Gideon Levy
    Oct 13, 2018 1

    The fear of assimilation is something we’ve all imbibed with our mothers’ milk. Annihilation, destruction, Auschwitz, something like that. Even as proud Israelis with our own country and army, many among us were afraid to enter a church. Long before the latest wave of religious coercion while we were still fearfully kissing bibles that had fallen on the floor, we the children of the false secularism of Tel Aviv would sometimes play with fire: We’d cross ourselves, sort of as a joke. It was a test of courage and test of fate, no less than jumping from a roof or touching the flame of a burning candle.
    On Jaffa’s Yefet Street there’s a threatening school, and we were told it belonged to the “Missionaries.” Missionaries then sounded like the Gestapo. Whenever we’d walk pass it, even when we were already a little older, we would fearfully ponder what was going on within its walls. There was a rumor that a child from our school went there and was never heard from again. We never forgave. We suspected his parents of being Christians. It really frightened us.
    That’s how we grew up, the first generation of the rebirth of the Jewish state – that’s how they brainwashed us with fear. We were never taught a single word of the New Testament. Impurity. “The Narrow Path: The Man from Nazareth” by Aaron Abraham Kabak was the only sliver of information we got about Jesus in the secular, liberal, official school curriculum, long before the advent of Naftali Bennett. We of course heard nothing at all about Islam or the Koran. When Arela (Rela), the daughter of a close friend of my mother’s and a cousin of Benjamin Netanyahu’s, married Donny in San Francisco, we said, it’s not so bad, Donny is nice despite his being a gentile. That’s the way we were.

    >> ’She seduced a Jew’: Lawmaker bemoans wedding of Fauda star to Israeli Arab TV anchor
    We’ve grown up since then and gotten more powerful. Israeliness took root in the country, the world went global, and weddings with gentiles become more common and less threatening at least among a substantial minority of liberals. But the national narrative stayed the same: Mixed marriages are an existential threat, assimilation means destruction. We don’t need an excoriating Oren Hazan to understand how deeply rooted this narrative remains in the Jewish Israeli experience. Ask almost any parent, including most of those who regard themselves as enlightened and secular, and they’ll reply that they’d “prefer” that their son marry a Jewish woman. Why, for God’s sake?
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    The opposition to assimilation is racist and purely nationalistic. Again it’s the superior and pure Jewish blood that mustn’t be mixed, heaven forbid, with any Christian, Muslim or other impurity. After a long history living as a minority under threat, the people can’t shake that survival instinct. But let’s advance on step and ask: What for?
    The state of Israel is the embodiment of Judaism and its values. Here the Jews are a majority, they’re the sovereign, there’s nothing to stop them from achieving their wishes.
    If Israel were a model society or moral country, we could understand the need for the struggle against assimilation for the sake of preserving lofty values. But look at the disaster: Gentile Canada has in the past year absorbed some 3,000 Eritrean asylum seekers fleeing Israel where they were shamefully rejected. Netta Ahituv recently described with what humanity the unchosen country has treated them, and what memories they have of the Chosen Land (Haaretz, September 21). That’s just one example.
    Is the struggle against assimilation a struggle to preserve Jewish values as they’ve been realized in Israel? If so, then it would be best to abandon that battle. The gefilte fish and hreime (spicy sauce), the bible, religion and heritage, can be preserved in mixed marriages as well. While Western countries are becoming multi-cultural and mixed marriages routine, here we fight against any mixing. We view it as an existential threat, with one of the ministers even threatening the children of mixed unions.
    The Jewish state has already crystallized an identity, which can only be enriched by assimilation, which is a normal, healthy process. Lucy Aharish and Tzachi Halevy may actually spawn a much more moral and civilized race than the one that has arisen here so far.

  • Je découvre ce site :

    Grassroots Jerusalem

    Une organisation de de Jérusalem dont le site web permet de mieux connaître la situation, l’histoire, et de la visiter virtuellement avec de très belles cartes faites à l’aide de OpenStreetMap. Elle organise également des visites guidées politiques de la ville, et édite un guide touristique politique, Wujood.

    Une section pour les cartographes, ici :

    In an age in which most maps are produced through satellites and computer generated algorithms, cartography is often viewed as an objective discipline that has overcome the political biases of its past. The case of Palestine, however, serves as a powerful reminder that modern maps remain a long way from objective and often, in fact, actively perpetuating colonialist practices.

    #Palestine #Jérusalem #Tourisme #Cartes

  • Je regarde l’excellent « guerre de 30 ans » sur #Arte, qui met la plus grande rigueur à démontrer que dans cette horrible boucherie la religion n’était que le prétexte à une très profane lutte de pouvoir ; une #rigueur d’autant plus remarquable qu’elle est inversement proportionnelle à celle qui existe dans les reportages de cette même Arte sur les #guerres du #Moyen-Orient, qui sont expliquées essentiellement par la « haine millénaire qui existe entre chiites et sunnites ».

  • Khashoggi and the Jewish question - Middle East - Jerusalem Post

    Khashoggi and the Jewish question
    “It is certainly not in our interests to see the status of the Saudi government diminished in Washington.”
    By Herb Keinon
    October 12, 2018 04:24

    The disappearance of Saudi government critic and Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey – and the very real possibility that the Saudis either kidnapped him, killed him, or both – is no exception.

    On the surface, this story seems distant from Jerusalem. Israel was not involved in any way, and even Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who never misses an opportunity to blast Israel, is not saying that Jerusalem had anything to do with it.

    As a New York Times headline read on Thursday, “Khashoggi’s disappearance puts Kushner’s bet on Saudi crown prince at risk.”

    US President Donald Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner has invested much in building a relationship with MBS, and Jerusalem – for its own interests – hopes that this particular bet does not turn sour.

    (...) As Dore Gold, the head of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs and former Foreign Ministry director-general, said: “This problem could be used by the Iranians to drive a wedge between the West and Saudi Arabia.”

    That is bad for Israel, he added, because “anything that strengthens Iran’s posturing in the Middle East is bad for Israel,” and in the Mideast balance of power, a weakened Saudi Arabia means a strengthened Iran.

    It also means a strengthened Turkey, which could explain why Ankara is going the full monty on this issue, releasing surveillance tape and leaking information about the investigation.

    “Turkey is part of an axis with Qatar,” Gold said, “and that puts Saudi Arabia at odds with the Turkish government.

  • Israeli lawmaker’s attack on celebrity Jewish-Arab marriage echoes Nazi ideology

    MK Oren Hazan accused TV anchor Lucy Aharish of seducing Fauda actor Tzahi Halevi in order to hurt Israel – and Netanyahu said nothing

    Yossi Verter SendSend me email alerts
    Oct 11, 2018

    Knesset Member Oren Hazan (Likud), he of the infamous selfie celebrating the passing of the nation-state law, has identified a terrorist cell. This cell has a single member – TV anchorwoman Lucy Aharish.
    This week the Arab journalist carried out a terrorist act intended to lower the Jewish birthrate when she married actor Tzahi Halevi. “She seduced a Jewish soul with the aim of harming our country and preventing more Jewish offspring from perpetuating the Jewish line,” the racist, ignorant and repulsive MK tweeted.
    Substitute the word “German” for “Jewish” here and you’ve got the Nazi racial doctrine. Talk of racial purity, prevention of “assimilation,” seduction of the male and hostile exploitation of his fine, pure seed for nationalist purposes. In the name of such an ideology, six million Jews were murdered in Europe.

    Next week, the Knesset opens its winter session. The Likud MK will address the parliament from the podium. He will vote in committees. No boycott will be imposed on his party faction. He will not be penalized. He will exchange high-fives and pats on the back with the gang who appeared in the selfie. They deserve each other.

    Tzachi Halevy and Lucy Aharish.Vered Adir, David Bachar
    But something can still be done. A few months from now, when an early election is announced, Likud will hold a primary for its slate for the 21st Knesset. Like the rest of the bunch who were elected on the basis of their districts in the last primary, this time Hazan will have to run on the national list. There the hurdle is much higher. The last time around, when he ran in the Samaria district, he needed just 2,000 or 3,000 votes. This time he’ll need 20,000 to gain a top-20 slot (the district winners will be ranked after them). Whoever marks Hazan’s name on the ballot despite this repugnant tweet and everything else we now know about the guy will directly harm Likud.
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    In any event, given the party’s primary system, at least a third of the current MKs will likely be gone in the next Knesset. The math is simple: Twenty-nine will run for re-election (all but Benny Begin). Plus, four candidates not currently in the Knesset are likely to be elected to the list: Gideon Sa’ar, Danny Danon, Yoav Galant and Nir Barkat. That makes 33. The national list that comprises the top 20 will include no more than 18-19 of these people. In other words, we’ll have to bid farewell, happily or otherwise, to some 15 MKs.
    On Thursday we waited in vain for the Likud chairman (and Hazan’s selfie buddy) to denounce the disgusting tweet. Netanyahu chooses his condemnations carefully. What starts with “droves of Arabs are streaming to the polls” culminates in the seduction by Arab women of Jewish men so as to suppress the Jewish birthrate.
    We also waited in vain for any fatherly scolding from the prime minister of his elder son Yair for his hateful, invective-filled Facebook post aimed at Television News Company analyst Amnon Abramovich. No point expecting any such thing from Netanyahu. They are all his sons.

  • Du combustible payé par le Qatar entre à Gaza
    AFP / 09 octobre 2018

    (...) Six camions transportant 450.000 litres de combustible ont franchi mardi Kerem Shalom, le seul point de passage entre Israël et Gaza pour les marchandises, a dit un responsable palestinien sous couvert de l’anonymat. L’AFP a vu passer l’un de ces camions.

    Aux termes de l’accord conclu sous les auspices de l’ONU, le Qatar paie le combustible livré ensuite via Israël sous supervision onusienne, selon un diplomate.

    Le Qatar est l’un des principaux soutiens du Hamas et l’un des plus importants bailleurs de fonds à Gaza.

    Azzam al-Ahmad, un proche de M. Abbas, a menacé dans un communiqué de mesures de rétorsion si les livraisons continuent.

    M. Abbas, qui fait pression pour forcer le Hamas à accepter le retour de l’Autorité à Gaza, redoute que la communauté internationale ne reconnaisse l’autorité de ce mouvement sur Gaza en concluant des accords avec lui.

    Selon le porte-parole du Hamas, la livraison a été « favorisée par l’ONU à cause du vide causé par l’Autorité ».

    – « Ils se déchaînent » -

    Le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu a accusé mardi M. Abbas d’aggraver les souffrances des habitants de Gaza et d’alimenter leur animosité contre Israël.

    « Abou Mazen (surnom de M. Abbas) les étrangle économiquement et ils se déchaînent contre Israël » a-t-il dit lors d’une conférence de presse à Jérusalem.

    Il n’a pas directement fait référence à la livraison de combustible mais a évoqué « des tentatives pour trouver des solutions concrètes afin qu’il cesse cet étranglement ». (...)


  • Leïla Shahid : « En reconnaissant l’État de Palestine, la France serait à la hauteur de ce qu’elle veut être »
    Le Journal des Activités Sociales de l’énergie - Pierre Barbancey - 5octobre 2018

    (...) Parallèlement, la situation mondiale relève du chaos. Vous avez des États arabes qui soudain deviennent les alliés d’Israël contre les Iraniens. Et l’Irak et la Syrie, qui étaient des piliers du monde arabe et sont maintenant décomposés. L’Union européenne se noie dans un verre d’eau – si je peux me permettre l’expression – pour quelques milliers de migrants, la guerre commerciale fait rage… Et la situation palestinienne intérieure est très grave avec une population qui ne se retrouve pas dans sa direction politique, qu’elle soit Hamas ou qu’elle soit Fatah. Tout cela fait que personne ne se préoccupe de notre problème et qu’il s’agit d’un feu vert pour Benjamin Nétanyahou. Cela ne signifie pas que les Palestiniens n’ont pas d’avenir. Mais ils se trouvent à un moment charnière où ils doivent redéfinir tous les critères de leur combat. (...)

  • Razan el-Najjar, emblème d’une Palestine blessée à mort
    par Mathieu Pedro | Politis | Publié le 9 octobre 2018

    Tuée par un sniper israélien à la frontière de la bande de Gaza, la jeune secouriste est le sujet d’un documentaire qui va être montré dans une vingtaine de villes françaises. Politis a rencontré ses parents.

    L ’occupation m’a privée du rêve pour lequel j’ai vécu toute ma vie. » Sabreen el-Najjar se livre à la caméra d’Iyad Alasttal dès les premières minutes de son documentaire. Ce « rêve » était celui de voir Razan, sa fille aînée – sa « première joie » – porter la robe de mariée, et lui offrir ses premiers petits-enfants. Le destin en a voulu autrement : le 1er juin 2018, en pleine « grande marche du retour » où des civils palestiniens réclament pacifiquement la levée du blocus israélien de Gaza, une balle de fusil tirée par un sniper traverse la poitrine de Razan el-Najjar, qui succombe une demi-heure après. (...)

  • Bernie Sanders cites Israel’s nation-state law in slamming Trump for inspiring authoritarianism

    ’There’s no question that other authoritarian leaders around the world have drawn inspiration from the fact that the president of the world’s oldest and most powerful democracy is shattering democratic norms,’ said Sanders

    Oct 10, 2018

    In a major foreign policy speech identifying an emerging authoritarian strain around the world, Bernie Sanders included the passage of Israel’s nation-state law as an example of President Donald Trump’s inspiring anti-democratic moves.
    “It should be clear by now that Donald Trump and the right-wing movement that supports him is not a phenomenon unique to the United States,” Sanders said Tuesday in a speech to the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. “All around the world, in Europe, in Russia, in the Middle East, in Asia, Latin America, and elsewhere we are seeing movements led by demagogues who exploit people’s fears, prejudices and grievances to gain and hold on to power.”
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    Sanders, the Independent senator from Vermont who caucuses with Democrats, said Trump by himself was not responsible for the rise of authoritarianism but was spurring it forward.
    “While this authoritarian trend certainly did not begin with Donald Trump, there’s no question that other authoritarian leaders around the world have drawn inspiration from the fact that the president of the world’s oldest and most powerful democracy is shattering democratic norms,” said Sanders.
    He cited as examples the rise in popularity of a far right-wing politician in Brazil, increased repression in Saudi Arabia, and policies of the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
    >> There’s a reason the opposition didn’t attend the nation-state protest | Opinion
    “It’s also hard to imagine that Israel’s Netanyahu government would have taken a number of steps— including passing the recent ‘Nation State law,’ which essentially codifies the second-class status of Israel’s non-Jewish citizens, aggressively undermining the longstanding goal of a two-state solution, and ignoring the economic catastrophe in Gaza — if Netanyahu wasn’t confident that Trump would support him,” Sanders said.

  • Israel can ’definitely’ absorb 100,000 West Bank Palestinians, justice minister says - Israel News -

    ’It’s impossible to ignore the processes taking place in the Democratic Party (in the USA). You know, the party itself is becoming less and less what’s considered Zionist,’ Ayelet Shaked tells The Atlantic

    Oct 10, 2018

    Shaked acknowledged that annexation could put Israel at odds with the United States, especially if Democrats take the White House in 2020. “Sadly, it’s impossible to ignore the processes taking place in the Democratic Party. You know, the party itself is becoming less and less what’s considered Zionist,” Shaked said.

  • Une juge fédérale d’Arizona décide que les Etats (des USA) ne peuvent pas punir une entreprise pour le boycott d’Israël
    Isaac Stanley-Becker, Washington Post, le 1er octobre 2018

    Dans sa vie professionnelle, cependant, il était tenu par une loi promulguée par l’Etat d’Arizona en 2016 exigeant de toute entreprise sous contrat avec l’État qu’elle certifie qu’elle ne boycottait pas Israël. Il a contesté la directive devant les tribunaux, affirmant qu’elle violait ses droits au titre du premier amendement.

    Un juge fédéral en Arizona a jugé sa plainte fondée. La juge américaine Diane Humetewa a émis une injonction la semaine dernière, bloquant l’application de cette mesure qui oblige toute entreprise passant un contrat avec l’état à fournir une garantie écrit qu’elle ne participe pas à des activités de boycott visant Israël.

    Cette conclusion est la deuxième cette année à revenir sur une vague de lois au niveau des Etats, qui utilisent les fonds publics pour décourager les activités anti-israéliennes. Elle est dans la lignée d’un jugement similaire prononcé en janvier, lorsqu’un juge fédéral du Kansas a statué pour la première fois que l’application d’une disposition de l’Etat obligeant les contractants à signer un certificat de non-boycott violait le droit d’expression garanti par le Premier amendement. Selon l’American Civil Liberties Union, des dispositions similaires sont en vigueur dans plus d’une douzaine d’États, dont le Maryland, le Minnesota et la Caroline du Sud.

    A propos du #Maryland :

    A propos du #Kansas :

    A propos de la #Caroline_du_sud :

    #Palestine #USA #Arizona #BDS #boycott #criminalisation_des_militants

  • Canary Mission : JVP Statement and Resource Guide

    Une organisation inquiétante qui dénonce anonymement les soutiens du peuple palestinien


    October 8, 2018
    Contact: Sonya E Meyerson-Knox | | 929-290-0317
    Jewish Voice for Peace has been fighting Canary Mission since 2015, when the site first appeared.

    Thanks to intrepid reporting in The Forward, The Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco (JCF) has promised to stop funding Canary Mission in the future, following the exposure of a $100,000 contribution by one of its donor groups.

    The Canary Mission website, which maintains a blacklist of people who defend Palestinian human rights, has bullied and slandered thousands of students and professors, making egregious claims based on very little fact. Canary Mission has threatened the careers and reputations of those listed, and tries to intimidate and dissuade people from speaking out for Palestinian rights.

    Canary Mission particularly targets Arab and Muslim students, pulling on anti-Arab and anti-Muslim tropes. For Palestinian students, inclusion on the blacklist can prevent them from visiting their families. Indeed, it was recently confirmed that the State of Israel is using this slanderous and unverified blacklist as a tool in determining who can enter Israel, and that the FBI was using Canary Mission as a basis for questioning students of color in the U.S.

    With the majority of Canary Mission’s donors remaining anonymous, all Jewish institutions should immediately confirm they will cease any funding to the cyber-bullying blacklist.

    Moreover, it is not enough to pledge to abstain from funding Canary Mission in the future. Indeed, the JCF should issue a public apology, and clarify the steps it will take towards restitution and repair.

    Many American Jewish philanthropic institutions grant money to causes far outside their mandate of support for the Jewish community; The Jewish United Fund of Metro Chicago funds anti-Muslim hate groups, for example. We urge members of the American Jewish community to contact your local Jewish institutions to ensure they are not funding hate groups or racist organizations.

    Canary Mission is a form of online harassment, and like all cyberbullying, it has real world consequences for the victims. It must be shutdown – and it will be, once it has lost its funders.


    Against Canary Mission
    Palestine Legal: Canary Mission’s Veil of Anonymity Pierced
    Jewish Voice for Peace condemns Canary Mission
    University Faculty condemn Canary Mission Blacklist

    Official Documents Prove: Israel Bans Young Americans Based on Canary Mission Website
    In Funding Canary Mission, Jewish Federation Betrayed Us
    Following Forward Report, Federation Says It Will No Longer Fund Canary Mission
    REVEALED: Canary Mission Blacklist Is Secretly Bankrolled By Major Jewish Federation
    How Israel Spies on US Citizens
    Meet the Owner of Canary Mission’s Anonymous Anti-Palestinian Blacklisting Website
    A New Wave Of Hardline Anti-BDS Tactics Are Targeting Students, And No One Knows Who’s Behind It
    The FBI is using unvetted, right-wing blacklists to question activists about their support for Palestine
    Canary Mission’s Threat Grows, From U.S. Campuses To The Israeli Border
    Banned From Israel: A Q&A With Law Professor Katherine Franke
    Jewish students: A blacklist of BDS supporters is hurting our efforts to defend Israel on campus
    Countering a Blacklist: Introducing ‘Against Canary Mission’

    Jewish Voice for Peace is a national, grassroots organization inspired by Jewish tradition to work for a just and lasting peace according to principles of human rights, equality, and international law for all the people of Israel and Palestine. JVP has over 200,000 online supporters, over 70 chapters, a youth wing, a Rabbinic Council, an Artist Council, an Academic Advisory Council, and an Advisory Board made up of leading U.S. intellectuals and artists.

  • A rational Hamas

    Hamas leader’s interview with Israeli paper caused an uproar. It wasn’t always like that

    Amira Hass

    The interview with Yahya Sinwar, Hamas chief in Gaza, which was conducted by Italian journalist Francesca Borri and published in the Israeli daily Yedioth Ahronoth,” set off a major internet storm in the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian diaspora. What? Sinwar spoke knowingly to an Israeli newspaper? It wasn’t the content that caused the uproar (“A new war is not in anyone’s interest, certainly not our interest”) – only the host.
    >> Israel is incomparably stronger than Hamas – but it will never win: Interview with Hamas leader in Gaza
    Sinwar’s bureau hastened to publish a clarification: The request was for an interview with an Italian newspaper and a British newspaper; the Western media department in the Hamas movement ascertained that the journalist was neither Jewish nor Israeli, and that she has never worked with the Israeli press. There was no face-to-face interview with the above-mentioned journalist, but rather a written response to her questions. The journalist met with Sinwar only for the purpose of a joint photo.

    Hamas leader Yahya Sinwar greets militants in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, after his release from Israeli prison, October 20, 2011Adel Hana / ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Borri, 38, is a freelance journalist who began writing only about six years ago, mainly from Syria. “I think that Sinwar agreed to let me interview him because he knew that I’m a war correspondent and that I would understand when he told me that he isn’t interested in another war,” she told me over the phone from Italy on Friday.
    Her articles have been published in many languages – including in Hebrew in Yedioth Ahronoth. In June, Borri visited Gaza and published an article that was “tough on Hamas,” as she put it. She was haunted by the sight of little children begging, and in her opinion the Islamic resistance movement is also responsible for the terrible deterioration in the Strip. That article was also translated and published in Yedioth.
    And then Borri received a text message from one of Sinwar’s advisers, she told me. Why are you so hard on the Palestinians, he complained. They exchanged several text messages, until she asked if she could interview Sinwar. In late August she came to the Gaza Strip again, to interview him.

    Yahya Sinwar holds his son Ibrahim while he listens to Khaled Mashaal, the outgoing Hamas leader in exile, during his news conference in Doha, Qatar, on Monday, May 1, 2017Adel Hana,AP
    I asked her whether Hamas really didn’t know that the article would be published in Yedioth. “As a freelancer, transparency is important to me,” she said. “It was clear to everyone that the interview would be translated into other languages, including Hebrew. Everyone in Sinwar’s bureau knew that my articles have been published in Yedioth Ahronoth.”

    What caused the outrage was that the wording of the article seemed to indicate that Borri was sent by the Israeli newspaper, and that that’s how the situation was presented to Sinwar. Here is the wording of her first question: “This is the first time ever that you’re agreeing to speak to the Western media – and to an Israeli newspaper yet.” According to Borri, the words “and to an Israeli newspaper yet” didn’t appear in her original question to Sinwar.
    >> ’We can’t prevail against a nuclear power’: Hamas’ Gaza chief says he doesn’t want war with Israel
    On the other hand, she confirmed that Sinwar’s final remark in the article, “and they translate you regularly into Hebrew too,” really was said. “Sinwar spoke to me, and through me to the world. I had the impression that he’s interested in talking through me to the Israelis too,” she said.
    And was the interview really conducted face-to-face and during joint trips with Sinwar and his aides over the course of five days, or in writing, as Hamas claimed. Borri explains: “I never record. I feel that people’s answers change when they see a recording device.” She didn’t travel with him in his car, but she says she did join a convoy of cars with Sinwar through the Strip, yet preferred not to say where.
    On Thursday, in other words before the publication of the full article in Yedioth on Friday, the Al Jazeera website in Arabic already published the text of the written questions and answers that were exchanged, according to Hamas, between Sinwar’s bureau and Borri. A comparison of the written version with the article in Yedioth reveals great similarity between the two texts, with a few differences – mainly a change in the order of the questions and their answers, sentences, declarations and facts that were deleted from the Hebrew version, and a few sentences that were added to it.
    >> Israeli military strikes Gazans who launched incendiary balloons
    The questions and answers in the Arabic version flow, and there is a connection between the replies and the following questions; in other words, a conversation is taking place. According to Al Jazeera, the written questions and replies were exchanged several times between the parties. There is even mention of how during the interview, Sinwar pointed to one of his advisers and said that his son was killed by Israeli fire.
    Borri confirmed in a conversation with me that she combined the replies received in writing, over a period of time, with answers she received orally. Due to the great similarity between the two versions, my impression is that many replies were sent to her in writing. A Gaza resident told me that he was convinced that most of the answers were given in writing because of “the polished wording, the level-headed replies and the rational explanations.”
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    He believes that an entire team thought things through and wrote the answers, not Sinwar alone. He also said that the message in the interview is addressed to the Palestinians in Gaza “who are sick and tired of Hamas rule,” no less than to readers in the West, whom Borri enables to see a senior Hamas official as a leader who cares about his people, rather than as a caricature of a bloodthirsty fanatic.
    And I was left longing for the period when senior Hamas officials gave interviews to the Israeli press and to a Jewish Israeli like me – including Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Ismail Haniyeh and many others. And I was left with the following conclusion: When Israel doesn’t allow Israeli journalists to enter Gaza, it makes life easy for Hamas.

  • La France partie prenante de la guerre contre le Yémen | Tony Fortin,2662

    Paris apporte un soutien de premier plan en matière de guerre tactique à Riyad et Abou Dhabi : entraînement des forces spéciales saoudiennes, fourniture de leur équipement de pointe et prévente du futur drone tactique Patroller aux Émirats arabes unis. Source : Orient XXI

  • Jamal Khashoggi: A different sort of Saudi | Middle East Eye

    This is the darkest day of my time as editor of Middle East Eye. It should not be. Jamal Khashoggi is not the first Saudi exile to be killed. No one today remembers Nassir al-Sa’id, who disappeared from Beirut in 1979 and has never been seen since.

    Prince Sultan bin Turki was kidnapped from Geneva in 2003. Prince Turki bin Bandar Al Saud, who applied for asylum in France and disappeared in 2015. Maj Gen Ali al-Qahtani, an officer in the Saudi National Guard, who died while still in custody, showed signs of abuse including a neck that appeared twisted and a badly swollen body. And there are many, many others.

    Thousands languish in jail. Human rights activists branded as terrorists are on death row on charges that Human Rights Watch says “do not resemble recognised crimes”. I know of one business leader who was strung upside down, naked and tortured. Nothing has been heard of him since. In Saudi, you are one social media post away from death.

    A Saudi plane dropped a US-made bomb on a school bus in Yemen killing 40 boys and 11 adults on a school trip. Death is delivered by remote control, but no Western ally or arms supplier of Saudi demands an explanation. No contracts are lost. No stock market will decline the mouth-watering prospect of the largest initial public offering in history.  What difference does one more dead Saudi make?

    As a journalist he hated humbug. The motto in Arabic on his Twitter page roughly translates as: “Say what you have to say and walk away.”
    And yet Khashoggi’s death is different. It’s right up close. One minute he is sitting across the table at breakfast, in a creased shirt, apologising in his mumbled, staccato English for giving you his cold. The next minute, a Turkish government contact tells you what they did to his body inside the consulate in Istanbul.

  • It’s even allowed to hate Israel

    If cabinet Minister Erdan, scourge of left-wing dissidents, visited Sweden, he certainly did not love the liberalism and equality there, yet Swedish airport officials wouldn’t have asked him about it

    Gideon Levy
    Oct 07, 2018

    News flash for the minister in charge of combating hatred, Gilad Erdan: One is allowed to hate Israel. Sometimes one must even hate its policies. A democratic country doesn’t ask new arrivals whether they love it. It’s none of their business. The gates of democracy are open to everyone, as long as they don’t endanger its security. That is the test.
    Erdan may also have visited a country whose policies he despised; he certainly did not love the liberalism and equality in Sweden, or Germany’s willingness to take in asylum-seekers – and nobody asked him what he thought. His colleague, Culture Minister Miri Regev, a sworn Arab-hater, intends to fly to Abu Dhabi soon. Will they deport her because of her hatred? If only. Maybe that way Erdan would learn.
    >>Ex-Shin Bet chief on questioning of foreigners at Israel’s borders: Shin Bet becoming a problem
    The world that Gilad McCarthy is building for us now, together with the Shin Bet security service that has long been in charge of this, is motivated by the darkness of a different worldview. Erdan described it well on Friday.
    “Everyone understands,” he wrote, “that these are hypocritical organizations uninterested in human rights. They will never act to help the citizens of Syria or Iran. It’s not human rights that motivate them, but hatred of Israel.” Erdan tried to excuse banning the entry to Israel of the student Lara Alqasem and in so doing revealed his worldview once again.
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    “Everyone understands,” Erdan? Well, almost everyone. Even the minister of strategic affairs can’t yet speak for everyone in Israel. Maybe he will be able to do so soon.
    Meanwhile, there are also some people who don’t understand. Not everyone here has been brainwashed by the propagandistic lies. The “hypocritical organizations” are more interested in human rights than anything else. They are people of conscience. Some are veterans of long-standing work against the Vietnam War and apartheid in South Africa, some are young people who should be a source of pride. At a time when most Israelis their age are not interested in anything that doesn’t involve them directly, they are fighting for something. They are certainly immeasurably more moral than any settler in the territories.

  • Turkish police believe Saudi journalist was killed at consulate: sources | Reuters

    “The initial assessment of the Turkish police is that Mr. Khashoggi has been killed at the consulate of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul. We believe that the murder was premeditated and the body was subsequently moved out of the consulate,” one Turkish official told Reuters.

    The sources did not say how they believed the killing was carried out. Saudi Arabia’s consul-general told Reuters on Saturday his country was helping search for Khashoggi, and dismissed talk of his possible abduction.

    Khashoggi, who has lived in self-imposed exile in Washington for the past year fearing retribution for his critical views on Saudi policies, entered the consulate on Tuesday to secure documentation for his forthcoming marriage, according to his fiancee, who waited outside. He has not been heard of since.

  • Official documents prove: Israel bans young Americans based on Canary Mission website - Israel News -

    Some Americans detained upon arrival in Israel reported being questioned about their political activity based on ’profiles’ on the controversial website Canary Mission. Documents obtained by Haaretz now clearly show that is indeed a source of information for decisions to bar entry

    Noa Landau SendSend me email alerts
    Oct 04, 2018

    The Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy Ministry is using simple Google searches, mainly the controversial American right-wing website Canary Mission, to bar political activists from entering Israel, according to documents obtained by Haaretz.
    >>Israeli court rejects American visa-holding student’s appeal; to be deported for backing BDS
    The internal documents, some of which were submitted to the appeals tribunal in the appeal against the deportation of American student Lara Alqasem, show that officials briefly interviewed Alqasem, 22, at Ben-Gurion International Airport on her arrival Tuesday night, then passed her name on for “continued handling” by the ministry because of “suspicion of boycott activity.” Israel recently passed a law banning the entry of foreign nationals who engage in such activity.

    >> Are you next? Know your rights if detained at Israel’s border

    Links to Canary Mission and Facebook posts are seen on an official Ministry of Strategic Affairs document.
    The ministry then sent the officials at the airport an official report classified “sensitive” about Alqasem’s supposed political activities, which included information from five links – four from Facebook and one, the main source, from the Canary Mission site, which follows pro-Palestinian activists on U.S. campuses.
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    A decision on Alqasem’s appeal against her deportation was expected Thursday afternoon.
    Canary Mission, now the subject of major controversy in the American Jewish community, has been collecting information since 2015 about BDS activists at universities, and sends the information to potential employers. Pro-Israel students have also criticized their activities.

    Lara Alqasem.
    This week, the American Jewish news site The Forward reported that at least $100,000 of Canary Mission’s budget had been contributed through the San Francisco Jewish Federation and the Helen Diller Family Foundation, which donates to Jewish education. The donation was handed to a group registered in Beit Shemesh called Megamot Shalom, specifically stating that it was for Canary Mission. A few hours after the report was published, the federation announced that it would no longer fund the group.
    Over the past few months some of the Americans who have been detained for questioning upon arrival in Israel have reported that they were questioned about their political activity based on “profiles” about them published on Canary Mission. The documents obtained by Haaretz now show clearly that the site is indeed the No. 1 source of information for the decision to bar entry to Alqasem.
    According to the links that were the basis for the decision to suspend the student visa that Alqasem had been granted by the Israeli Consulate in Miami, she was president of the Florida chapter of a group called Students for Justice in Palestine, information quoted directly from the Canary Mission. The national arm of that organization, National Students for Justice in Palestine, is indeed on the list of 20 groups that the Strategic Affairs Ministry compiled as criteria to invoke the anti-boycott law. However, Alqasem was not a member at the national level, but rather a local activist. She told the appeals tribunal that the local chapter had only a few members.

    Canary Mission’s profile of Lara Alqasem.
    The ministry also cited as a reason for barring Alqasem’s entry to Israel a Facebook post showing that “In April 2016 [her] chapter conducted an ongoing campaign calling for the boycott of Sabra hummus, the American version of Hummus Tzabar, because Strauss, which owns Tzabar, funds the Golani Brigade.” Alqasem told the tribunal that she had not taken an active part in this campaign. Another link was about a writers’ petition calling on a cultural center to refuse sponsorship by Israel for its activities. Yet another post, by the local Students for Justice in Palestine, praised the fact that an international security company had stopped operations in Israel. None of these links quoted Alqasem.
    She told the tribunal that she is not currently a member of any pro-boycott group and would not come to study for her M.A. in Israel if she were.
    The Strategic Affairs Ministry report on Alqasem is so meager that its writers mentioned it themselves: “It should be noted that in this case we rely on a relatively small number of sources found on the Internet.” Over the past few months Haaretz has been following up reports of this nature that have been the basis for denying entry to activists, and found that in many other cases the material consisted of superficial Google searches and that the ministry, by admission of its own senior officials, does not collect information from non-public sources.
    skip - Facebook post calling for the boycott of Sabra hummus

    The ministry’s criteria for invoking the anti-boycott law state clearly that in order to bar entry to political activists, they must “hold senior or significant positions in the organizations,” including “official senior roles in prominent groups (such as board members).”
    But the report on Alqasem does not indicate that she met the criterion of “senior” official in the national movement, nor was this the case for other young people questioned recently at the airport. In some cases it was the Shin Bet security service that questioned people due to past participation in activities such as demonstrations in the territories, and not BDS activities.
    “Key activists,” according to the ministry’s criteria, also means people who “consistently take part in promoting BDS in the framework of prominent delegitimization groups or independently, and not, for example, an activist who comes as part of a delegation.” In Alqasem’s case, however, her visa was issued after she was accepted for study at Hebrew University.

  • Netanyahu likely to extend secrecy of some 1948 war documents 20 more years

    Defense establishment asked to lengthen classification period to 90 years, from 70, for material on Deir Yassin massacre, among other events

    Jonathan Lis and Ofer Aderet Oct 04, 2018

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is expected to sign regulations extending the period of confidentiality for information in the defense archives from 70 years to 90 years. The Defense Ministry and other organization requested the extension to prevent the release this year of some materials relating to the period of the War of Independence in 1948.
    The extension is intended to prevent the exposure of intelligence sources and methods that are still in use today by security forces. The archives also include information that was received from foreign sources under the condition that it would not be released, say defense officials. The draft regulations state that even after 70 years have passed, exposure of some of the archival materials could harm national security. In 2010, Netanyahu extended the period of confidentiality for security archives from 50 years to 70 years.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz
    The legal adviser to the Israel State Archives, Naomi Aldubi, circulated a draft of the new regulations to the relevant government ministries Wednesday. The document states that the new regulations will apply to materials held by the Shin Bet security service, the Mossad and the archives of the Israel Atomic Energy Commission, nuclear research centers and the Israel Institute for Biological Research. The new rules would also prevent the publication of raw intelligence from Military Intelligence as well as information concerning intelligence gathering for materials classified as secret and higher, along with materials concerning certain Israel Defense Forces and Defense Ministry units.
    The decision is expected to make life much more difficult for historians, other researchers and journalists and would also limit the public’s access to valuable historical information of public interest. For example, the new regulations would prevent the release of certain materials concerning the massacre at Deir Yassin in 1948.
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    In practice, the government will be able to prevent the release of any document related to the War of Independence that it wishes to keep secret. The new rules also contradict the recommendations of the supreme advisory council overseeing the Israel State Archives, which recommended extending the confidentiality of only some of the documents for five years.

    The Archives Law states that any person has the right to examine documents stored in the state archives, but also grants the government authority to restrict access according to the level of classification — for example, materials classified as “secret” — and according to the amount of time that has passed since the materials were created. This period ranges between 15 and 75 years, in accordance with the materials’ source and contents. For example, the classification period for the minutes of classified sessions of Knesset committees is limited to 20 years; for foreign policy documents the period is 25 years; for police archives, 30 years and for minutes of the security cabinet 50 years. Intelligence materials, including those of the Shin Bet, Mossad, Atomic Energy Commission and Biological Institute, remain classified for 70 years.
    Even after this period expires, the state archives and other archives, such as the IDF Archives, have not acted on their own initiative to release the materials. In practice, the end of the classification period alone is not sufficient for automatic declassification of the material. First, the chief archivist must examine the materials. After that, a special ministerial committee, headed by the justice minister, has the right to apply additional restrictions on access to them.
    The committee used its power to prohibit access to the so-called Riftin report on extrajudicial executions carried out by the Haganah pre-independence army. In 1998, half a century after the report was written, its confidentiality period expired, after which it should have been unsealed. In the 20 years that have passed since then, two state archivists requested, and received, extensions of the classification period from the ministerial committee.
    The draft proposal does stipulate that the relevant organizations must draw up new protocols that would enable the unsealing of classified materials after 50 years, on their own initiative. In addition, they would be instructed to conduct an annual review of their classified documents in order to determine whether they can be declassified.

  • Can Islamist moderates remake the politics of the Muslim world? -

    By Taylor Luck Correspondent

    Alaa Faroukh insists he is the future. After nearly a decade in the Muslim Brotherhood, he says that he has finally found harmony between his faith and politics, not as a hardcore Islamist, but as a “Muslim democrat.”

    “We respect and include minorities, we fight for women’s rights, we respect different points of view, we are democratic both in our homes and in our politics – that is how we honor our faith,” Mr. Faroukh says.

    The jovial psychologist with a toothy smile, who can quote Freud as easily as he can recite the Quran, is speaking from his airy Amman clinic, located one floor below the headquarters of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, the very movement he left.

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    “The time of divisive politics of older Islamists is over, and everyone in my generation agrees,” says the 30-something Faroukh. “The era of political Islam is dead.”

    Faroukh is symbolic of a shift sweeping through parts of the Arab world. From Tunisia to Egypt to Jordan, many Islamist activists and some established Islamic organizations are adopting a more progressive and moderate tone in their approach to politics and governing. They are reaching out to minorities and secular Muslims while doing away with decades-old political goals to impose their interpretation of Islam on society.

    Taylor Luck
    “The time of divisive politics of older Islamists is over, and everyone in my generation agrees. The era of political Islam is dead,” says Alaa Faroukh, a young Jordanian who left the Muslim Brotherhood for a moderate political party.
    Part of the move is simple pragmatism. After watching the Muslim Brotherhood – with its call for sharia (Islamic law) and failure to reach out to minorities and secular Muslims – get routed in Egypt, and the defeat of other political Islamic groups across the Arab world, many Islamic activists believe taking a more moderate stance is the only way to gain and hold power. Yet others, including many young Muslims, believe a deeper ideological shift is under way in which Islamist organizations are increasingly recognizing the importance of religious tolerance and political pluralism in modern societies. 

    Think you know the Greater Middle East? Take our geography quiz.
    While Islamist movements remain the largest and most potent political movement in the region, a widespread adoption of democratic principles by their followers could transform the discourse in a region where politics are often bound to identity and are bitterly polarized.

    “We believe that young Jordanians and young Arabs in general see that the future is not in partisan politics, but in cooperation, understanding, and putting the country above petty party politics,” says Rheil Gharaibeh, the moderate former head of the Jordanian Brotherhood’s politburo who has formed his own political party.

    Is this the beginning of a fundamental shift in the politics of the Middle East or just an expedient move by a few activists?


    Many Islamist groups say their move to the center is a natural step in multiparty politics, but this obscures how far their positions have truly shifted in a short time.

    Some 20 years ago, the manifesto of the Muslim Brotherhood – the Sunni Islamic political group with affiliates across the Arab world – called for the implementation of sharia and gender segregation at universities, and commonly employed slogans such as “Islam is the solution.”

    In 2011, the Arab Spring uprisings swept these Islamist movements into power or installed them as the leading political force from the Arab Gulf to Morocco, sparking fears of an Islamization of Arab societies.

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    But instead of rolling back women’s rights, the Tunisian Islamist party Ennahda pushed through gender equality laws and helped write the most progressive, gender-equal constitution in the Arab world. The Moroccan Justice and Development Party (PJD) has played down its Islamic rhetoric, abandoning talk of Islamic identity and sharia and instead speaking about democratic reform and human rights. And the Brotherhood in Jordan traded in its slogan “Islam is the solution” for “the people demand reform” and “popular sovereignty for all.”

    The past few years have seen an even more dramatic shift to the center. Not only have Islamist movements dropped calls for using sharia as a main source of law, but they nearly all now advocate for a “civil state”­ – a secular nation where the law, rather than holy scriptures or the word of God, is sovereign.

    Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
    Supporters of the National Alliance for Reform rally in Amman, Jordan, in 2016. They have rebranded themselves as a national rather than an Islamic movement.
    In Morocco and Jordan, Islamist groups separated their religious activities – preaching, charitable activities, and dawa (spreading the good word of God) – from their political branches. In 2016, Ennahda members in Tunisia went one step further and essentially eliminated their religious activities altogether, rebranding themselves as “Muslim democrats.”

    Islamist moderates say this shift away from religious activities to a greater focus on party politics is a natural step in line with what President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has done with his Justice and Development Party in Turkey, or even, they hope, with the Christian democrats in Europe: to become movements inspired by faith, not governing through faith.

    “While we are a Muslim country, we are aware that we do not have one interpretation of religion and we will not impose one interpretation of faith over others,” says Mehrezia Labidi, a member of the Tunisian Parliament and Ennahda party leader. “As Muslim democrats we are guided by Islamic values, but we are bound by the Constitution, the will of the people, and the rule of law for all.”

    Experts say this shift is a natural evolution for movements that are taking part in the decisionmaking process for the first time after decades in the opposition.

    “As the opposition, you can refuse, you can criticize, you can obstruct,” says Rachid Mouqtadir, professor of political science at Hassan II University in Casablanca, Morocco, and an expert in Islamist movements. “But when you are in a coalition with other parties and trying to govern, the parameters change, your approach changes, and as a result your ideology changes.”

    The trend has even gone beyond the borders of the Arab world. The Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement (ABIM), founded in 1971 by Malaysian university students inspired by the Brotherhood and now one of the strongest civil society groups in the country, is also shedding the “Islamist” label.

    In addition to running schools and hospitals, ABIM now hosts interfaith concerts, partners on projects with Christians and Buddhists, and even reaches out to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender activists in its campaign for social justice.

    “We are in the age of post-political Islam,” says Ahmad Fahmi Mohd Samsudin, ABIM vice president, from the movement’s headquarters in a leafy Kuala Lumpur suburb. “That means when we say we stand for Islam, we stand for social justice and equality for all – no matter their faith or background.”


  • Etonnant registre de mobilisation des environnementalistes libanais opposés au barrage de Bisri : l’ennoyage des traces supposées du Christ
    Barrage de Bisri : le CDR annonce l’arrivée d’une délégation d’archéologues français pour inspecter le site - S.B. - L’Orient-Le Jour

    Commentant le communiqué du CDR, Paul Abi Rached, président du Mouvement écologique libanais, qui suit de près ce dossier, indique à L’Orient-Le Jour que des lacunes peuvent y être décelées. « On y parle de l’église Mar Moussa qui sera transférée ailleurs en collaboration avec les autorités religieuses de la région, mais qu’en est-il des vestiges du couvent Sainte-Sophie à proximité, bien plus ancien puisqu’il est estimé qu’il a été bâti par l’empereur Constantin au IIIe siècle ? se demande-t-il. Or, la présence d’un couvent aussi important, dans un endroit aussi reculé, pose une question qui taraude des archéologues auxquels nous avons parlé : le Christ a-t-il emprunté cette voie, qui faisait partie de la route de la soie, pour se rendre à Damas ? Est-ce pour cela que le premier empereur chrétien a placé là et dans les environs des sanctuaires aussi importants ? S’il y a 1 % de chance que Bisri ait été sur la route du Christ, cela ne devrait-il pas pousser l’État à plus de recherches ? »

    #communautarisme #environnement #barrage #Liban #Bisri

  • The Germans will ignore Israeli apartheid again

    Each day that has passed since May 1999, Europe in general and Germany in particular have crossed another red line in the normalization of the status quo

    Amira Hass SendSend me email alerts
    Oct 02, 2018

    Angela Merkel is the answer to two questions: 1. Will Israel, “having no alternative,” attack the Gaza Strip before Friday, that being “the only possible response” to the multiplying demonstrations at the border fence? And 2. Now that the Monday-evening deadline given to the residents of the West Bank Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar to dismantle their simple structures has passed, will Israel’s Civil Administration raze the entire community Tuesday?
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    It probably won’t happen this week, so as not to embarrass Merkel. The German chancellor and her cabinet are scheduled to arrive Wednesday for meetings with their Israeli colleagues, the seventh such intergovernmental consultations since the tradition began in 2008. In between, the German delegation will visit an exhibition on technological innovation sponsored by the Foreign Ministry, at which six Israeli companies will present their wares.

    Officially, Germany — like all European Union member states — opposes the demolition of Khan al-Ahmar and the forced eviction of its residents, actions that violate international law and Israel’s obligations as an occupying power. Officially, Germany is concerned by the military escalation and the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza. Therefore, like all European states, it hopes for a nonviolent resolution of the military tension.
    But the consulting cabinet ministers aren’t supposed to delve into the bottomless expectation gap between the parties on the future of the Palestinian territories that were captured in 1967. The Germans are still talking about a two-state solution, even as Israel is realizing the eight-state vision (of defeated, disconnected Palestinian enclaves scattered throughout the expanse of Jewish sovereignty).
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    In any event, the joint consultations address the real issues of mature countries. The parties will discuss their excellent technological, military and intelligence ties, their common place in the advanced industrial world, their cultural and scientific ties — not to mention, of course, the Holocaust and Germany’s eternal obligations to Israel.
    >> Read more: Israel Gives Residents of West Bank Bedouin Village Week to Evacuate
    We can infer, from the slogans inserted in the joint statement after the 2016 consultations, that some German minister will blurt out something about human rights, and the response will be that Israel is the only democracy in the region. An open expression of Israeli military and bureaucratic superiority during the visit wouldn’t go over well with the foreign guests.
    And so, the bulldozers and the deadly armed drones, the pride of Israeli technology, along with our female combat soldiers who operate them remotely, the pride of Israeli feminism, will be forced to wait patiently. Not this week.
    On the other hand, why should they wait patiently? Why shouldn’t it happen this week? The German ministers already ignore that an important part of Israeli technological, military and intelligence development is linked to maintaining the occupation and keeping the permanent conflict on a low flame that occasionally flares up. They must ignore this, mentally and emotionally, to continue cultivating partnerships with Israel. They can also ignore Israel’s use of its military capabilities during their visit.
    Each day that has passed since May 1999 (when the final-status agreement with the Palestinians was to go into effect), Israel has crossed another red line in shaping its unique regime of separation (apartheid, in Afrikaans). None of these crossings or violations of international resolutions led European countries to put genuine political pressure on Israel.
    Each day that has passed since May 1999, Europe in general and Germany in particular have crossed another red line in the normalization of Israeli apartheid. They make a complete separation between their partner in technological, scientific and intellectual progress and the Israel that plans to erase in the near future the small village and other communities, and that for 10 years has imprisoned 2 million people in the biggest concentration facility in the world.
    And the umbrella of the victims and survivors of the Holocaust is used to excuse and explain this intolerable ability to repress and compartmentalize.

  • Les yeux doux de Benyamin Nétanyahou à l’extrême droite européenne,2651

    « Qu’importe qu’ils soient antisémites pourvu qu’ils soient sionistes » : tel pourrait être le fil rouge de la « drague » ostensible, voire ostentatoire, à laquelle se livre le premier ministre israélien dans les milieux populistes et néofascistes européens. Mais on aurait tort de réduire ces manœuvres à l’expression d’une simple realpolitik. Car elles relèvent aussi de sa génétique personnelle et politique. Personnelle, car son père, Benzion Nétanyahou, a toujours milité aux côtés du leader révisionniste Zeev Jabotinsky dont il fut même, un temps, l’assistant. Politique, car les ancêtres du Likoud, l’Irgoun, le Betar et le Lehi fricotèrent avec le fascisme et le nazisme.

    À force de rabâcher que le mufti de Jérusalem, Amin Al-Husseini, a rejoint (seul) Berlin et créé deux légions SS (bosniaques), on finirait par oublier que le Lehi, en tant que tel, proposa en 1941 une alliance au IIIe Reich. Et que le Betar, puis l’Irgoun, dès les années 1920, bénéficièrent du soutien politique et matériel de Benito Mussolini, qui appréciait Jabotinsky : « Pour que le sionisme réussisse, estimait le Duce, il vous faut un État juif, avec un drapeau juif et une langue juive. La personne qui comprend vraiment cela, c’est votre fasciste, Jabotinsky »

  • Egypt backs out of verbal agreement on 4-7 year timeframe to fill Ethiopian Renaissance Dam reservoir | MadaMasr

    The irrigation ministers of Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan met on Tuesday in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa to be briefed on the latest recommendations on the timeframe to fill the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam’s reservoir, a contentious issue that has long driven a wedge between the parties amid fears of the impact on downstream water supply.

    A 15-member scientific study group, comprised of five scientists and researchers from each country, presented its findings on Tuesday to Ethiopia’s Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity Seleshi Bekele, along with his Egyptian and Sudanese counterparts, Mohamed Abdel Aty and Khadr Mohamed Qasmallah.

    No specific conclusions emerged officially from the meeting, the Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation announced through the state-owned MENA news agency on Wednesday. The statement affirmed that all parties are committed to continuing talks, without providing further details.

    Yet an Ethiopian diplomatic source, who spoke to Mada Masr on condition of anonymity, says that there was an initial verbal agreement between the parties, which Cairo has since backed away from.

    “The ministers reviewed what the team has been doing during the past three months and consulted on a way forward,” Teferra Beyene, advisor to Ethiopia’s Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, tells Mada Masr.

    While the study group’s findings have not been officially disclosed, the Ethiopian source tells Mada Masr that the team recommended the 74 billion cubic meter dam reservoir be filled over four to seven years, depending on the amount of rainfall and intensity of the Nile’s water flow.

    Following the presentation of the report, the source described Ethiopia and Sudan’s ministers as immediately accepting the recommendations, and expressing a readiness to begin work on a joint declaration to bind the parties to these terms.

    While the Egyptian delegation verbally accepted the report’s findings at first, it later said it would need more time to consider, the source explains. “The Egyptian delegation changed their minds and refused to sign the agreement. Instead, they want first to consult at headquarters and come to a decision.”

    The four-to-seven-year window falls outside the timeframe Cairo has pushed for to fill the dam. An Egyptian diplomat told Mada Masr at the close of August that Cairo’s concerns have centered around the pace at which the dam’s reservoirs would be filled, and that this issue was the subject of “tough and elaborate talks.”

  • Egypt Sends Actress to Jail for Spreading ‘Fake News’ Over Sexual Harassment - WSJ

    CAIRO—A woman has been sentenced in Egypt to two years in prison for allegedly spreading fake news after she posted a video on Facebook decrying her experience of sexual harassment in the country.

    The sentencing of actress Amal Fathy comes as Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi has given free rein to the country’s police and judiciary to clamp down on women who complain of sexual assault and harassment and women’s activist groups. The crackdown on women and feminist organizations is part of a broader government assault on civil society, dissidents, and anyone perceived as tarnishing the country’s image.

    Ms. Fathy was arrested in a raid on her home in May after she published a video on her personal Facebook page where she talked about her experience of sexual harassment in a Cairo bank.

  • Exclusive: Mesa to include nine countries while prioritising Iran threat - The National

    S Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Arabian Gulf Affairs Tim Lenderking has spent the last three weeks in shuttle regional diplomacy across the Gulf to lay the groundwork for a US-hosted summit in January that would launch the Middle East Strategic Alliance (Mesa), a concept similar to an Arab Nato.

    In an interview with The National on Wednesday, Mr Lenderking divulged details about the structure of Mesa and its long term prospects. He said besides the Gulf Cooperation Council members – Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Oman – the US and both Egypt and Jordan would be members of such an alliance.

    Mr Lenderking said that US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will be hosting a GCC + 2 meeting on the margins of United Nations General Assembly on Friday to prepare for the January summit.

    “This stems from the Riyadh summit in 2017 where everyone agreed that the US and the GCC would meet on an annual basis...we added on top of that the keen interest on both sides in building Mesa,” Mr Lenderking explained. The alliance would be based on a security, economic and political agreement that would bind together the GCC countries, along with the US, Egypt and Jordan.

    Notwithstanding the different policy priorities within the GCC itself, Mr Lenderking said the idea of Mesa is “it builds a good strong shield against threats in the Gulf,” naming Iran, cyber concerns, attacks on infrastructure, and coordinating conflict management from Syria to Yemen as part of its agenda.

    “The more we have coordinated efforts, the more effective in enhancing stability,” he said, adding that Iran was the “number one threat” on the Mesa list.

    The senior US official confirmed that the US would be part of the alliance and “we [US] would like to agree on the concept of Mesa by the January summit.”

    He cautioned, however, that these conversations are still in their early stages and “if we find we need to change dates we need to be flexible on that”.

  • German police use neo-Nazi codename amid Erdoğan visit - World News

    A Neo-nazi scandal has shaken German police on Sept. 28 during Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s state visit to Berlin.

    Special forces officers, deployed in Berlin to protect the Turkish president, used the codename of a prominent neo-Nazi figure “Uwe Bohnhardt” during their assignment, the police confirmed on Sept. 28.

    Uwe Boehnhardt was one of the three members of Neo-nazi terorist organization National Socialist Underground (NSU), which killed eight Turkish immigrants, a Greek citizen and a German police officer between 2000 and 2007.

    The police deportment of the eastern federal state of Saxony said in a statement that two officers from its special forces were immediately recalled and an internal investigation was launched on the incident.

    They could be suspended according to the result of the investigation, it said.

  • The BDS Monster
    A legitimate and nonviolent Palestinian protest movement has been turned into an anti-Semitic plot through sweeping propaganda and abundant resources

    Yuli Novak
    Sep 27, 2018 3:40 AM

    The problem with monsters is that as long as you don’t peek under the bed they’re very scary. The BDS monster is one of the glorious creations of the government of Israel. By means of a propaganda machine with abundant resources and frightening messages, a legitimate and nonviolent Palestinian protest movement has been turned into an anti-Semitic plot. How were we so quick to bite the bait that serves only those who want to preserve the regime of occupation and apartheid in Israel?
    Like the governments of certain other countries, the Israeli government is carrying out a regime change that is dismantling and destroying democratic spaces – both physical and ideological – in which the opposition can act in order to come to power.
    >>BDS success stories | Opinion 
    The prevention of civil protest is one of the methods of operation. In recent years the government has portrayed every demonstration of opposition to its policy as treason. Just as every expression of support for the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement is portrayed as anti-Semitism.
    The model for the BDS struggle is based on the boycott movement against the apartheid regime in South Africa. There too, the activity was led by South African citizens, but it took place in various places worldwide and in various spheres. Like in Israel today, in apartheid South Africa too, an absolute majority of the Afrikaners (the whites) believed their government’s lies and saw these boycotts, and the groups that led them, as an existential threat to the country and an expression of racism against Afrikaners.
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    The boycott movement against South Africa had a decisive influence on the dismantling of apartheid and the adoption of an egalitarian and democratic constitution. The global political situation has changed significantly since then, and in any case, Israel isn’t South Africa. But there as here, the boycott movement represents a form of non-violent struggle by a people that is being oppressed, against the regime that is oppressing it.

    A political group that is under attack, like the Israeli opposition, is forced into survival mode, which makes it difficult to observe and become familiar with political developments and to formulate up-to-date, relevant and courageous positions. The attitude of the Israeli left toward BDS is an excellent example of this. When Israelis who oppose the government and the occupation are asked what they think of BDS, the amazing success of the government propaganda becomes evident in the answers: “It’s an anti-Semitic movement,” “They want to destroy Israel.”
    The way to oppose this brainwashing begins with knowing the truth, even if it’s complicated. And the truth about BDS is simply stated on the movement’s website: It’s a protest movement that was established in 2005 by Palestinian organizations, in order to conduct a nonviolent struggle for equality and freedom for the Palestinian people. The movement has three demands – all of which the Palestinians have presented during negotiations with Israel over the years: an end to the occupation in the territories, complete equality for Israel’s Arab citizens and implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 194 concerning the right of return of the Palestinian refugees. That’s it.
    Not the destruction of Israel, not anti-Semitism, but a political stance based on a Palestinian narrative. It’s hard to hear a narrative that presents Israel as a colonialist and racist country and demands recognition of the injustices perpetrated against the Palestinian people during the past 70 years. That can’t be expected to be easy, and nobody has to adopt this narrative. But we do have an obligation to overcome the fear and to understand that these are legitimate demands of a people that has been under military oppression for decades, and is fighting against a violent and racist regime.
    The Israeli government doesn’t want opposition or criticism regarding the policy of occupation – neither internal nor external, neither violent nor non-violent. And the easiest way to prevent support for this opposition is to single out every criticism as a tentacle of the anti-Semitic monster. And it’s true that, as in every broad-based political movement, in BDS as well there are racist margins and anti-Semitic statements.
    A racist mentality is dangerous, and not only for Jews, but I’m not familiar with any political movement that is immune from extremist marginal phenomena. The question that should be asked is what the official policy of the movement is, and to what extent it succeeds in maintaining the centrality of that policy, and opposing those phenomena within it. The official BDS positions, like most of the public positions voiced by members of the movement, declare that opposition to racism, including anti-Semitism, is basic and a matter of principle in the struggle.
    No Israeli has to agree with or support BDS or its strategy, which was chosen by its Palestinian leadership. But we do have to know what it is. And out of this knowledge to understand that as people with democratic awareness, we must under no circumstances surrender to government policy and to agree to place this movement, and the values it represents, outside the legitimate discourse.
    It’s also worthwhile to stop for a moment and to ask ourselves what we would prefer the Palestinians to do: Join an armed struggle? Or perhaps, simply accept the situation and allow us to continue to occupy, steal, oppress and kill without interference?

  • » Israeli Soldiers Kill Seven Palestinians, Including Two Children, Injure 506, In Gaza–
    IMEMC News - September 29, 2018 2:20 AM

    The Palestinian Health Ministry has reported, Friday, that Israeli soldiers killed seven Palestinians, including two children, and injured 506 others, including 90 with live fire; three of them suffered serious wounds, during the Great Return March processions, in the Gaza Strip.

    Dr. Ashraf al-Qedra, the spokesperson of the Health Ministry in Gaza, said, “the types of injuries, and the deliberate use of sniper fire against the protesters, reflect one of the bloodiest and most brutal military assaults against the processions in the Gaza Strip, since the massacre of May 14.”

    Dr. al-Qedra stated that 506 Palestinians suffered various types of injuries, 210 of them were moved to hospitals, and added that 90 of the injured were shot with live fire, including three who suffered life-threatening wounds.

    He also said that among the wounded are 35 children, four women, four medics (including one with live fire,) and two journalists.
    Dr. al-Qedra stated that 506 Palestinians suffered various types of injuries, 210 of them were moved to hospitals, and added that 90 of the injured were shot with live fire, including three who suffered life-threatening wounds.

    He also said that among the wounded are 35 children, four women, four medics (including one with live fire,) and two journalists.

    The soldiers killed Mohammad Ali Mohammad Anshassi, 18, and Nasser Azmi Misbih, 12 , east of Khan Younis, in the southern part of the Gaza Strip.

    In Gaza city, Israeli army sharpshooters killed Eyad Khalil Ahmad Sha’er , 18, who was killed east of the city, Mohammad Bassam Shakhsa, 24, from the Sheja’eyya neighborhood, east of Gaza city, and Mohammad Waleed Haniyya , 24, from the Shati refugee camp. Their corpses were moved to the Shifa Medical Center, west of Gaza city.
    Eyad Khalil Sha’er
    Mohammad Bassam Shakhsa
    Mohammad Waleed Haniyya
    Furthermore, an army sharpshooter killed a child, identified as Mohammad Nayef al-Houm, 14, with a live round in the chest, east of the al-Boreij refugee camp, in central Gaza, before his corpse was moved to Al-Aqsa Hospital, in Deir al-Balah.
    Mohammad Nayef al-Houm
    The soldiers also killed Mohammad Ashraf al-Awawda, 23, from the al-Boreij refugee camp, in central Gaza.
    Mohammad Ashraf al-Awawda
    Thousands of Palestinians participated in the Great Return March procession, along the perimeter fence, across the eastern parts besieged Gaza Strip, for the 24th consecutive Friday, while many burnt tires, and a few managed to cross the fence.

    #Palestine_assassinée #marcheduretour

  • قانون جديد يثير الجدل في سوريا يعزز صلاحيات وزارة الأوقاف ويدعو إلى مضاعفة المدارس والمعاهد والجامعات الشرعية.. وبرلماني يصفه بانه يستنسخ نظام المملكة السعودية الديني | رأي اليوم

    L’autre guerre en #syrie : grandes inquiétudes chez les « libéraux » syriens après l’annonce d’un projet de loi donnant des prérogatives sans précédent à l’institution religieuse (ministère des Waqf), en particulier dans le domaine de l’éducation.

    L’invasion du préchi-précha wahhabite : la vraie victoire des Saoudiens.

  • Un podcast de 40 minutes sur le musicien, compositeur et parolier libanais Ziad Rahbani, génie arabe :
    Hajer, Vintage Arab, le 20 juillet 2018

    La première émission des podcast Vintage Arab vous propose de découvrir la figure mythique du musicien, compositeur et parolier libanais Ziad Rahbani. Enfant de la balle et précurseur, il incarnera une époque et une manière de penser. Fondateur d’un style musical et personnage publique en vue, Ziad raconte à lui seul une page de l’histoire musicale arabe.

    Programmation musicale et archives :
    Ziad Rahbani : Prelude Theme From Mais Al Rim (album Abu Ali, 1978)
    Fayrouz: Saalouni el nas (album Wahdon, 1973)
    Archives télévision : INA
    Archive télévision Ghassan Kanafani par Richard Carleton for Australian TV.
    Ziad Rahbani: Shou Hal Ayyam (Album Ana Moush Kafer)
    Ziad Rahbani: Ana Moush Kafer (Album Ana Moush Kafer)
    Archive Sketch Ziad Rahbani “Cigara america”
    Joseph Sakr: Ayshe Wa7da Balak (1978)
    Ziad Rahbani: Telfan Ayash (1996)
    Fayrouz: Kifak enta (Album Kifak enta, 1991)
    Ziad Rahbani: Abu Ali (Album Abu Ali, 1978)
    Selma Musfi et Ziad Rahbani : Un verre chez nous (Album Monodose, 2001)
    El Torabyeh: Ghorbah ft. Husam Abed (2012)

    #Musique #Musique_et_politique #Ziad_Rahbani #Liban

  • De la corruption à la guerre au Yémen, l’histoire secrète des chars français
    Fabrice Arfi, Médiapart
    28 septembre 2018

    Un char Leclerc vendu aux Émirats arabes unis par la France. © Nexter
    Des documents obtenus par Wikileaks et partagés avec Mediapart, Der Spiegel et La Repubblica lèvent le voile sur un secret d’État : la corruption cachée derrière la vente de chars français aux Émirats arabes unis. Ce sont les mêmes chars qui sévissent aujourd’hui dans la guerre au Yémen, à l’origine de la pire crise humanitaire du monde, selon l’ONU.
    Les chars français utilisés depuis trois ans par les Émirats arabes unis au Yémen, dans une guerre qui a déjà fait plus de 10 000 morts (majoritairement des civils) et provoqué, selon l’ONU, la pire crise humanitaire du monde, cachent un lourd secret.

    Un secret d’État vieux d’un quart de siècle.

    Sa révélation ouvre aujourd’hui la porte sur les aveux inédits d’une corruption étatique à travers le versement, par une entreprise d’armement gouvernementale française, de 200 millions de dollars d’argent noir sur des comptes situés dans des paradis fiscaux, selon des documents obtenus par Wikileaks et partagés avec Mediapart, Der Spiegel (Allemagne) et La Repubblica (Italie), qui ont pu les authentifier par une enquête indépendante.

    Ces documents offrent une plongée rare dans les arcanes de l’un des plus gros contrats d’armement signés par la France, aujourd’hui troisième pays exportateur d’armes au monde.

    Un char Leclerc vendu par la France aux Émirats arabes unis. © DR
    Les chars Leclerc vendus au début des années 1990 par la France aux Émirats arabes unis (EAU) ont été fabriqués par l’entreprise GIAT (Groupement industriel des armements terrestres, Nexter aujourd’hui), dont l’État français est actionnaire à 100 %. Ils ont commencé à être livrés au début des années 2000, mais n’ont connu leur baptême du feu qu’en 2015, à l’occasion du déclenchement de la guerre au Yémen, comme en témoignent de nombreux écrits spécialisés (voir ici ou là).

    Depuis trois ans, des combats acharnés y opposent une rébellion houthie soutenue par l’Iran à une coalition emmenée par l’Arabie saoudite et les Émirats arabes unis, qui cherchent à conforter le président yéménite en place, Abdrabbo Mansour Hadi. Selon l’ONU, la coalition, armée notamment par la France, a « causé le plus de victimes civiles directes ». Les Nations unies évoquent de possibles crimes de guerre, rappelant que des « zones résidentielles », des « marchés » et « même des installations médicales » ont été touchées. Et d’après l’ONG Save The Children, cinq millions d’enfants sont aujourd’hui menacés de famine au Yémen à cause de la guerre.

    En son temps, le contrat de vente des chars Leclerc aux Émirats avait été qualifié par la presse française de « contrat du siècle ». Pour cause : le marché, signé le 6 avril 1993, une semaine après la formation du gouvernement Balladur, portait sur la livraison de 388 chars, 46 véhicules armés et quantité de munitions pour 3,6 milliards de dollars, montant revu légèrement à la baisse par la suite (3,2 milliards).

    Mais des négociations secrètes avaient débuté deux ans auparavant, selon les documents récupérés par Wikileaks. En janvier 1991, sous le gouvernement de Michel Rocard, l’État français a missionné, par l’intermédiaire de l’entreprise GIAT, un émissaire très introduit auprès des autorités d’Abou Dabi. Son nom : Abbas Ibrahim Yousef al-Yousef.

  • Les cerfs-volants de Jabalia |
    Par Shlomo Sand

    Hassan avait douze ans quand il succomba sous les balles d’un tireur d’élite israélien, en septembre 2018. Il fut touché alors qu’il s’apprêtait à faire voler un nouveau cerf-volant enflammé, en espérant que le vent le déporterait vers l’est et que cela mettrait le feu dans les champs volés à ses ancêtres par « les sionistes ».

    Hassan était né dans le camp de réfugiés de Jabalia, d’une famille issue de la localité d’Al–Majdal, devenue Ashkelon en 1948. Son grand-père avait vu le jour, en 1944, dans cette grande cité arabe d’où il avait été chassé en septembre 1950, deux ans après la création de l’Etat d’Israel. Cette famille fut l’une des dernières à avoir été expulsée du « ghetto » (c’est ainsi qu’était appelée la zone arabe par les habitants juifs) que l’armée israélienne leur avait assigné ; elles furent mises sur des camions et envoyés à Gaza. Son père et sa mère naquirent à Gaza et grandirent dans le camp de réfugiés, probablement l’un des territoires au monde les plus densément peuplés. Son grand-père lui parlait de sa ville natale avec nostalgie et évoquait avec fierté le métier à tisser qui se trouvait dans leur foyer. Au cours des années 1990, le vieil homme avait pu en apercevoir les ruines, à l’occasion d’une de ses visites dans le territoire de l’Etat d’Israel. De la ville arabe, subsistaient une mosquée et la rue principale portant désormais le nom d’un important dirigeant juif, appelé Herzl. Pendant plusieurs générations, la famille avait vécu dans une maison à un étage, située au coin de cette rue, et qui s’y trouvait encore. Lorsque le grand-père avait visité la ville, longtemps avant le retrait israélien de Gaza en 2005, la maison était habitée par une famille russe.

  • UK Labour enables assaults on free speech | The Electronic Intifada

    On 28 August this year, the New Statesman published an interview with Jonathan Sacks, Britain’s former chief rabbi, in which he described Jeremy Corbyn, the country’s main opposition leader, as “an anti-Semite.”

    By way of evidence, Sacks cited comments made by Corbyn in 2013, when the Labour leader and long-standing supporter of Palestinian rights allegedly criticized Zionists for failing to understand English irony. An editorial in the same issue of the London magazine claimed that “Corbyn’s remarks conflated a political position and an identity.”

    Even the traditionally Labour-supporting New Statesman, then, was endorsing the anti-Semitism charge.

    My initial reaction to these accusations was to dismiss them. How could anyone believe such nonsense?

    I have known and worked with Corbyn since the late 1970s. I cannot think of any other prominent politician who, throughout their entire adult life, has worked as tirelessly against racism in every form.

    But on reflection, I think a more considered response is necessary. We need to look carefully at any such allegations. Theoretically, at least, they just might be true.

    Corbyn’s remarks were made in reference to an earlier speech by Manuel Hassassian, the Palestinian Authority’s ambassador to the UK. Hassassian spoke in the British Parliament on 15 January 2013.

    We don’t have access to Hassassian’s entire speech but Richard Millett, a pro-Israel activist, recorded it at the time.

  • Thank you, Mother Russia, for imposing boundaries on Israel - For the first time in years another state is saying to Israel: Stop right there. At least in Syria, that’s the end of it. Thank you, Mother Russia.

    Gideon Levy SendSend me email alerts
    Sep 28, 2018

    A ray of hope is breaking through: Someone is setting limits on Israel. For the first time in years another state is making it clear to Israel that there are restrictions to its power, that it’s not okay for it to do whatever it wants, that it’s not alone in the game, that America can’t always cover for it and that there’s a limit to the harm it can do.
    Israel needed someone to set these limits like it needed oxygen. The recent years’ hubris and geopolitical reality enabled it to run rampant. It could patrol Lebanon’s skies as if they were its own; bombard in Syria’s air space as if it were Gaza’s air space; destroy Gaza periodically, put it under endless siege and continue, of course, to occupy the West Bank. Suddenly someone stood up and said: Stop right there. At least in Syria: That’s the end of it. Thank you, Mother Russia, for setting limits on a child whom no one has restrained for a long time.
    >>What Russia and Turkey really want in Syria | Explained ■ Russia’s claims on downed plane over Syria are dubious, but will usher in new reality for Israel | Analysis ■ Russia vs. Israel: The contradicting accounts of the downing of a plane over Syria

    The Israeli stupefaction at the Russian response and the paralysis that gripped it only showed how much Israel needed a responsible adult to rein it in. Does anyone dare prevent Israel’s freedom of movement in another country? Is anyone hindering it from flying in skies not its own? Is anyone keeping it from bombing as much as it pleases? For decades Israel hasn’t encountered such a strange phenomenon. Israel Hayom reported, of course, that anti-Semitism is growing in Russia. Israel is getting ready to play the next victim card, but its arrogance has suddenly gone missing.
    In April the Bloomberg News agency cited threats from retired Military Intelligence chief Amos Yadlin and other officers that if Russia gives Syria S-300 anti-aircraft missiles, Israel’s air force would bombard them. Now the voice of bluster from Zion has been muted, at least for the moment.
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    Every state is entitled to have weapons for defense against jet bombers, including Syria, and no state is permitted to prevent that forcibly. This basic truth already sounds bizarre to Israeli ears. The idea that other countries’ sovereignty is meaningless, that it can always be disrupted by force, and that Israeli sovereignty alone is sacred, and supreme; that Israel can mix in the affairs of the region to its heart’s content – including by military intervention, whose true extent is yet to be clarified in the war in Syria – without paying a price, in the name of its real or imagined security, which sanctifies anything and everything – all this has suddenly run into a Russian “nyet.” Oh, how we needed that nyet, to restore Israel to its real dimensions.
    It arrived with excellent timing. Just when there’s a president in the White House who runs his Middle East policy at the instructions of his sponsor in Las Vegas and mentor on Balfour Street; when Israel feels itself in seventh heaven, with an American embassy in Jerusalem and no UNRWA, soon without the Palestinians – came the flashing red light from Moscow. Perhaps it will balance out, just a bit, the intoxication with power that has overtaken Israel in recent years, maybe it will start to wise up and recover.
    Russia, without meaning to, may yet turn out to be better for Israel than all the insane, corrupting support it receives from the current American administration, and from its predecessors, too.
    Russia has outlined for the world the way to treat Israel, using the only language Israel understands. Let those who truly care for Israel’s welfare, and for justice, learn how it’s done: Only by force. Only when Israel gets punished or is forced to pay a price does it do the right thing. The air force will think twice now and perhaps many times more before its next bombardment in Syria, whose importance, if indeed it has any, is unknown.
    Had such a Russian “nyet” hovered above Gaza’s skies, too, so much futile death and destruction would have been spared. Had an international force faced the Israeli occupation, it would have ended long ago. Instead, we have Donald Trump in Washington and the European Union’s pathetic denunciations of the evictions at Khan al-Ahmar.

  • Bantoustans en Palestine
    par Robert Fisk - 24 août 2018 – The Independent – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Dominique Muselet - 23 septembre 2018

    Montrez-moi quelque chose qui va me choquer, ai-je demandé à Amira Hass. La seule journaliste israélienne qui vit en Cisjordanie – ou en Palestine, si vous croyez encore en ce mot si peu orthodoxe – m’a donc emmené sur une route à l’extérieur de Ramallah qui dans mon souvenir était une autoroute qui menait à Jérusalem. Mais maintenant, sur la colline, elle se transforme en une route à l’abandon, à moitié goudronnée, bordée de magasins fermés par des volets rouillés et des ordures. La même odeur putride d’égouts à l’air libre plane sur la route. L’eau puante stagne, verte et flasque, en flaques au pied du mur.

    (...) C’est une Israélienne qui me parle, la fille solide et inébranlable d’une résistante bosniaque qui a dû se rendre à la Gestapo et d’un survivant juif roumain de l’Holocauste, une fille à qui le socialisme a donné, à mon avis, un courage marxiste inflexible.

    Elle ne serait peut-être pas d’accord, mais je la considère comme une enfant de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, même si elle est née 11 ans après la mort d’Hitler. Elle pense qu’il ne lui reste plus qu’entre 100 et 500 lecteurs israéliens ; Grâce à Dieu, pensent beaucoup d’entre nous, son journal, Haaretz, existe toujours.

    Lorsqu’on l’a emmenée de la gare à Bergen-Belsen en 1944, la mère d’Amira, a été frappée par les ménagères allemandes qui venaient voir la file de prisonniers terrorisés, toutes ces Allemandes qui les « regardaient de loin ». Je crois qu’Amira Hass ne regardera jamais de loin. Elle s’est habituée à être haïe et insultée par son propre peuple. Mais elle est réaliste.

    « Tu sais, on ne peut pas nier que, pendant un certain temps, [le Mur] a eu un impact sécuritaire, » dit-elle. C’est vrai. Il a stoppé la campagne palestinienne d’attentats-suicide. Mais le Mur a aussi un objectif expansionniste ; il a confisqué des terres arabes qui ne font pas plus partie de l’État d’Israël que les vastes colonies qui abritent aujourd’hui environ 400 000 Juifs à travers la Cisjordanie. Pas encore, en tout cas.

    Amira porte des lunettes rondes qui la font ressembler à un de ces dentistes un peu déprimés, qui inspectent avec tristesse et cynisme votre dentition en perdition. C’est comme ça qu’elle écrit. Elle vient de terminer un long article pour Haaretz qui sera publié deux jours plus tard ; c’est une dissection féroce de l’accord d’Oslo de 1993 qui n’est pas loin de prouver que les Israéliens n’ont jamais voulu que l’accord de « paix » permette aux Palestiniens d’avoir un État.

    « La réalité des bantoustans, réserves ou enclaves palestiniens, écrit-elle à l’occasion du sombre 25ième anniversaire des accords d’Oslo, se voit sur le terrain… il n’a été précisé nulle part que l’objectif était la création d’un État palestinien dans le territoire occupé en 1967, contrairement à ce que les Palestiniens et beaucoup de gens du camp israélien à l’époque et dans les pays européens avaient imaginé. » Amira me confie : » Le problème, c’est que les rédacteurs en chef d’Haaretz, – je les appelle les enfants – changent de couplet tous les deux ans et à chaque fois ils me demandent : » Comment sais-tu qu’Oslo n’avait pas la paix comme objectif ? Il y a 20 ans, ils pensaient que j’étais folle, maintenant ils sont fiers d’avoir eu quelqu’un au journal qui avait tout compris dès le début. » (...)

  • Le long périple des enfants palestiniens vers l’école — devant les colons avec leurs armes
    26 septembre | Amira Hass pour Haaretz |Traduction CG pour l’AURDIP

    Depuis 14 ans, une jeep de l’armée israélienne doit accompagner une dizaine d’enfants à leur école, et de retour, pour éviter qu’ils ne soient harcelés, attaqués, ou aient à faire un long détour.

    Un chemin de terre devenant une route asphaltée. Filles et garçons d’âge scolaire y marchent, avec une jeep militaire avançant lentement derrière eux
    Cette vision étrange est devenue une partie familière du paysage pour le village de Al-Tuwani au sud de Yatta, dans le sud de la Cisjordanie. Mais le matin du 9 septembre, quelque chose était différent. Au lieu de la jeep militaire, qui était en retard, il y avait un véhicule civil blanc. Son conducteur a essayé de bloquer les élèves et leurs deux accompagnateurs, des volontaires de l’organisation pacifiste italienne Opération Colombe.

    L’homme, qui portait une chemise grise et une kippa, avec un fusil pointant sous sa chemise, est sorti de la voiture et a crié en hébreu : « Vous n’avez pas le droit de traverser seuls ». Ensuite, il a dit en anglais : « Vous n’avez pas le droit de traverser avant que les soldats n’arrivent ». Une accompagnatrice italienne a répliqué : « Ce n’est pas vrai. Les soldats ont déjà une heure de retard ». L’Israélien a maintenu sa position et a dit en anglais : « Eux [les enfants] n’ont pas le droit, et vous, n’avez même pas le droit d’être ici ».

    Le groupe a continué à avancer. L’Israélien a dit à quelqu’un au téléphone : « Est-ce que vous venez ? Ils se baladent ici, les gauchistes et les Européens ». Apeurés, mais déterminés, les enfants ont continué de marcher parce qu’ils avaient déjà raté la première leçon et étaient sur le point d’être en retard pour la deuxième.

    « Vous êtes un touriste, et en tant que touriste vous n’avez pas le droit d’être ici », a dit l’homme. « Attendez les soldats », a-t-il ordonné à l’accompagnatrice italienne. Elle l’a photographié. Il l’a photographiée. « Est-ce que vous êtes fier d’effrayer les enfants ? », a-t-elle demandé. L’Opération Colombe est une organisation pacifiste catholique qui prône la non-violence et ses volontaires vivent et travaillent au sein de la population civile dans des zones de conflit.

    L’homme avec le fusil et la kippa a commencé à marcher rapidement, s’est rapproché des enfants d’un air menaçant et a continué ses avertissements au téléphone : « Des gauchistes et des Arabes marchent ici seuls ». Il a ensuite regagné en courant sa voiture blanche, où deux filles et un garçon d’âge scolaire étaient assis. Avec les enfants à l’intérieur, l’homme a avancé, a rattrapé les élèves et a essayé encore de les bloquer.

  • Débat sur les #subventions à l’#électricité au #Liban
    à la suite de ma tribune pour le LCPS, reprise dans l’Orient Le Jour sur la distribution inéquitable des subventions électriques au Liban, la journaliste Viviane Aqiqi fait un sérieux travail de synthèse, traduisant aussi mes données et graphiques en arabe. Elle ouvre le débat sur la question de savoir ce que cachent les appels à la réforme des subventions et exprime sa crainte que leur suppression se traduise simplement par une augmentation du fardeau pesant sur les ménages les plus fragiles.
    Elle accorde peu d’intérêt à ce que je considère comme la principale nouveauté de cette étude, à savoir la mise en évidence de l’énorme biais en faveur des habitants de Beyrouth dans la répartition de ces subventions. Peut être habite-t-elle Beyrouth ?

    إصلاح دعم الكهرباء وليس إلغاؤه
    graphique en arabe :

    انطلاقاً من هذه المعطيات، يجدر طرح السؤال: هل يجب إلغاء الدعم لأسعار الكهرباء وتحميل الفقراء عبء هذا «التقشّف»؟ أم يجب إصلاح الدعم وإعادة توجيهه نحو فئات الدخل الأدنى والمتوسط ومؤسّسات الإنتاج؟
    إن كلفة إنتاج الطاقة الكهربائية في لبنان مرتفعة جدّاً، بسبب عوامل كثيرة، أهمّها الاستخدام الكثيف لأغلى أنواع الوقود، واستجرار الطاقة من مصادر تجارية مؤقّتة (البواخر، سوريا)، وتلزيم عمليات التشغيل والصيانة والجباية لشركات خاصة عبر عقود سخيّة، وتقادم معامل الإنتاج والمحطّات، والهدر الكبير للطاقة المُنتجة الناجم عن عدم كفاءة شبكات النقل والتوزيع والتعدّيات الكثيرة على هذه الشبكات، بالإضافة إلى امتناع مشتركين كثر عن تسديد الفواتير المستحقّة، بما في ذلك إدارات ومؤسّسات عامّة وشركات خاصّة. لذلك، كل حديث عن خفض كلفة الدعم، من دون معالجة كل هذه العوامل، لا يعدو كونه طريقة لنقل الكلفة من الموازنة العامة إلى ميزانيات الأسر، وهذا يؤدّي إلى تعزيز التفاوتات أكثر بكثير مما يفعله الدعم القائم اليوم.


  • Porter la guerre sur le sol iranien
    Abdel Bari Atwan - 23 septembre 2018 – Raï al-Yaoum – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine

    Les États-Unis et l’Arabie Saoudite activent leurs plans de déstabilisation de l’Iran.

    Lorsque le président américain Donald Trump accuse l’Iran d’être derrière la plupart des attaques terroristes, sinon toutes, dans le monde, le prince héritier saoudien Muhammad Bin-Salman jure ouvertement de mener sa bataille contre l’Iran en territoire iranien et Israël menace de continuer à attaquer les cibles militaires iraniennes pour empêcher le pays d’établir des bases de missiles en Syrie.

    L’attaque sanglante de samedi contre un défilé militaire à Ahvaz au cours de laquelle 29 personnes ont été tuées n’est pas une surprise. En effet, un tel incident aurait pu être attendu plus tôt, et de telles attaques, même plus sanglantes, pourraient être attendues à l’avenir. La région se trouve au seuil d’une guerre terroriste sans précédent menée par les services de renseignement et qui sera destructrice pour toutes les parties concernées.

    Trump impose un blocus économique suffocant à l’Iran qui devrait atteindre son maximum en novembre, lorsque sa composante la plus importante, l’interdiction des exportations de pétrole, deviendra opérationnelle. Son principal objectif est de déstabiliser sinon détruire le régime iranien dans le but de le renverser définitivement par la force militaire. L’expérience nous a appris que les guerres américaines dans notre région ne tombent pas du ciel, mais sont l’aboutissement de stratégies qui impliquent des années de préparation.

    Trump sait bien que les sanctions économiques seules ne peuvent pas renverser les régimes. Sinon, les régimes nord-coréen et cubain seraient tombés il y a des années, sans parler du régime irakien dirigé par Saddam Hussein et l’administration du Hamas dans la bande de Gaza. Les blocus qui ne sont pas suivis d’une intervention militaire ont tendance à se retourner contre leurs auteurs. C’est la raison pour laquelle le projet en question a commencé par créer un « OTAN arabe » composé des six États du Golfe, plus l’Égypte, la Jordanie et le Maroc, en prévision d’une telle intervention, si elle devait avoir lieu. Les frappes aériennes israéliennes successives en Syrie sont l’une de ses composantes. (...)