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  • Dutch TV comedian blasts Israel with spoof of Eurovision winner ‘Toy’ -

    Sanne Wallis de Vries’ pastiche of Netta Barzilai’s winning song criticizes Israeli army for killing of Gazans and has the chorus ‘Look how beautifully I launch missiles’

    Itay Stern May 21, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-dutch-tv-comedian-blasts-israel-with-spoof-of-eurovision-winner-to

    A satirical Dutch TV show has lampooned Israel’s Eurovision Song Contest-winning song “Toy,” with new lyrics that harshly attack Israel and its treatment of the Palestinians.
    Popular Dutch comedian Sanne Wallis de Vries, starring in the eponymous “Samme Wallis de Vries Show,” appeared looking like Israeli Eurovision winner Netta Barzilai in the spoof, sporting both a kimono and similar distinctive hairstyle.
    skip - Sanne Wallis de Vries’ version of Toy
    Sanne Wallis de Vries’ version of Toy - דלג

    The first verse of her song, freely translated from the original Dutch, says: “Look at me, I’m a very sweet country / The world’s leaders are eating out of my hand / With one kiss I put out every fire. We’re throwing a party, are you coming? Later, at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which will be empty soon anyway.”
    >> Eurovision organizers tell fans to hold off on booking flights to Israel - sparking instant controversy
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    Just before the chorus, De Vries replaces the original transition that mentioned Wonder Woman with the words: “From Haifa to the Dead Sea, there are fireworks and kosher satay / Come dance with me to the music.”
    Instead of the chorus where Barzilai sings “I’m not your toy,” the Dutch comedian sings, “Look how beautifully I launch missiles.”
    The video accompanying De Vries shows footage of the Palestinian protests on the Gaza border last week, including scenes of smoke and Gazans being taken to hospital on stretchers.
    When De Vries sings about Israel’s 70th anniversary, she notes, “The Palestinians aren’t invited to her party.” As she sings, in the background viewers are shown the opening ceremony for the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem, with special emphasis on President Donald Trump’s daughter, Ivanka.

    The spoof version triggered much discussion online, with some Dutch viewers tweeting that the song was “anti-Israel” and also “Jew-hating.”

  • Le @CRIF et les arabes mangeurs d’enfants |
    Le Club de Mediapart
    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/melusine-2/blog/210518/le-crif-et-les-arabes-mangeurs-d-enfants

    Il y a six jours, le CRIF a publié sur Twitter une souriante photographie de l’ancienne Première ministre israélienne Golda Meir. Elle y dit : « Nous pouvons pardonner aux arabes de tuer nos enfants, mais nous ne pouvons pas leur pardonner de nous forcer à tuer leurs enfants. La paix s’installera le jour où les arabes aimeront leurs enfants plus qu’ils nous haïssent. » La photographie de Golda Meir sourit et le chargé de communication du CRIF commente : « #Actu – Golda Meir disait cela il y a près de 50 ans, et c’est toujours d’actualité ».

     #Actu : la veille, les snipers israéliens avaient abattu par balles plus de cinquante Palestiniens, dont huit enfants, et blessé près de deux mille sept cents, alors qu’ils manifestaient pacifiquement pour commémorer leur catastrophe, leur exil, leur absence de droits fondamentaux, de droits civils, de droit à vivre. Pacifiquement, parce que les frondes ne menacent pas la vie des soldats israéliens – encore moins celle des civils israéliens – parce que les soldats sont à plusieurs centaines de mètres, derrière une clôture, derrière des miradors, derrière la « frontière », de l’autre côté de l’enclos. Parce qu’il n’y a que dans la Bible qu’on vainc l’injustice avec des pierres, et dans cette région, on sait que la Bible ne dit pas toujours la vérité.

    Les arabes tuent les enfants des autres. Pire encore, ils forcent leurs ennemis à se rendre coupables du meurtre de leurs propres enfants. Ils les forcent à se souiller du sang des innocents. Ils les forcent, oui, ils ne voulaient, ils y ont été forcés, ils auraient préféré l’éviter, éviter de tirer une balle dans la tête de Wesal Khalil, de viser la tête d’une enfant de quatorze ans, mais elle avait une fronde, et elle était palestinienne, alors ils y ont été forcés, d’ailleurs elle voulait mourir. Ce n’est plus seulement le Hamas qui utilise des enfants comme boucliers humains, ce sont les Palestiniens qui apprennent à leurs enfants à monter au front. Mieux, ce sont les arabes qui font des enfants dans le seul but de les envoyer se faire tuer pour que France 2 puisse filmer des balles dans la tête et que ça fasse des images terribles et que ces images nuisent à la réputation de l’armée israélienne.

  • A Gaza, la misère sociale terreau de la révolte
    Par Guillaume Gendron — 20 mai 2018 à 21:36
    http://www.liberation.fr/planete/2018/05/20/a-gaza-la-misere-sociale-terreau-de-la-revolte_1651536

    (...) Dans son bureau enfumé, le docteur Fadel Ashour ne s’en étonne pas : « Gaza connaît ces dernières années une épidémie de suicides, plus ou moins cachés par les familles et les autorités », assure le psychiatre. Il y voit une accumulation de causes « qui n’ont rien de psychiatriques ». Une décennie de blocus évidemment, l’asphyxie économique mais aussi, ironie tragique, l’ouverture sur le monde des jeunes Gazaouis, dont les moins de 25 ans constituent 75 % de la population. « On a une des populations les plus éduquées du Moyen-Orient, des gosses totalement ouverts sur le monde grâce à Internet, la télé satellitaire, énumère-t-il. Ils savent très bien ce qu’ils manquent, coincés chez leurs parents, sans avenir, sans femme, sans savoir qui combattre. Israël ? Le Hamas ? L’Autorité palestinienne ? Tous sont trop puissants. » Le docteur écrase son mégot : « Ce qu’on a vu ces dernières semaines, c’est une manipulation sociale pour contenir l’explosion imminente. »

    Personne ne sait si la Marche du retour va continuer. Le Hamas a envoyé des signes contradictoires. Le comité d’organisation originel, dépossédé du mouvement, appelle à sa continuité. Un jeune raconte que, vendredi, il s’est rendu à frontière et n’y a trouvé quasi personne. « Pas de transport, plus de tentes, pas d’ambulances… Rien. Comme si le Hamas n’en avait plus rien à foutre, même s’ils disent qu’ils vont continuer. En vérité, ils se sont servis de nous pour parler aux Egyptiens. » (...)

  • Still too ‘tough on Arabs’ - Haaretz Editorial - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    Police violence against the Arab community in Israel appears part of a racist policy led by Benjamin Netanyahu’s government

    Haaretz Editorial May 21, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/still-too-tough-on-arabs-1.6098764

    Over the weekend there was a demonstration in Haifa protesting the killings along the Gaza border fence. The violent suppression of this protest and the detention of 21 demonstrators, including Jafar Farah, the director of the Mossawa Center that advocates for Israeli Arabs’ rights, are a further sign of the growing restrictions on the democratic space available to this community.
    The harsh events in Gaza should have brought multitudes out onto the streets, particularly in light of the complexities plaguing relations between Arab citizens and the state. In practice, the protest in Arab society was minor and measured: a partial strike lasting only a day and local protest gatherings. Despite this, the police failed to contain the demonstrations.
    True, the protest in Haifa on Friday evening had no permit, but these are precisely the times when the police must use their discretion and show restraint. They should have used the presence of Farah, a veteran activist who once headed the Arab student union and who for years has been a partner to civic initiatives for Arab civil rights and against racism. A wise police force would have seen his presence as a channel for dialogue and an opportunity for calming tensions. Instead, the police used him to quell the protest.
    In footage taken at the demonstration one sees that the police did not suffice with arresting him but marched him handcuffed through Haifa’s streets as a warning to others. Even though Farah was seen walking, he was hospitalized the next day; relatives said one of his knees had been broken in detention.
    The Arab community is calling for an investigation into the police’s conduct in the demonstration, and the police are expected to carry out an internal probe into the Farah case. But this doesn’t suffice; the violence by the police against Arab protesters appears not random but intentional, part of an inflammatory and racist policy against the Arab community in Israel that Benjamin Netanyahu’s government is leading.
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    Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan and Police Commissioner Roni Alsheich talk a lot about the importance of making police services more accessible to the Arab community, using every public platform to announce the opening of new police stations and the recruitment of Arab police officers. But the conduct in Haifa shows yet again that the police showed unwarranted “resolve” while ignoring the ramifications on the Arab community’s faith in law enforcement.
    The Public Security Ministry and police brass must understand that the delegitimization of elected Arab officials and prominent Arab activists, as well as the suppression of any political protest by brutal arrests, won’t contribute to a sense of trust. On the contrary, police violence against Arab citizens widens the circle of mutual suspicion and deepens this community’s alienation.

  • ’We die anyway, so let it be in front of the cameras’: Conversations with Gazans - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    My friends in Gaza are outraged by Israel’s claim that Hamas rules everything. ’You people always looked down at us, so it’s hard for you to understand that no one demonstrates in anyone else’s name’

    Amira Hass May 20, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-we-die-anyway-so-let-it-be-in-front-of-the-camera-talking-to-gazan

    “Our ability, the Palestinians, to be killed is greater than your ability, the Israelis, to kill,” a resident of the Deheisheh refugee camp near Bethlehem told me at the beginning of the second intifada. Ever an optimist, he meant that because of this difference, in the end the two sides would reach a fair agreement.
    On Tuesday this week, alongside the border fence and across from Beit Hanun in the northern Gaza Strip, his mistake once again became clear. There’s a limit to the Palestinians’ ability to be killed. In the morning after the Monday of bloodshed, the protesters took a break. Sixty fresh mourning tents and hundreds of newly wounded justified the lull they asked for. The next day, Nakba Day, which was supposed to be the peak, was actually the day they gave up on the symbolic mass March of Return to the border fence.
    >> Israel’s Gaza Killings: War Crimes or Self-defense? Experts Weigh In ■ The bloodstained first act of the Trump Intifada || Opinion ■ If you call the Gaza death toll ’disproportionate,’ how many Israelis have to die for the sake of symmetry? || Opinion

    Between the sunflower and potato fields of the kibbutzim, I was jealous of my colleagues who were forwarding the statements by the army and Israeli politicians with such great self-persuasion. According to Israeli spokespeople, both military and civilian, the respite along the border fence is unequivocal proof that Hamas’ leaders control everything, and everyone is under their authority; they’re the ones who sent the people to their deaths a day earlier, they’re the ones who prevented that scenario the next day. So simple.

    According to those reports, Egypt handed down instructions to stop the process – after receiving an Israeli request – and Hamas obeyed. Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh was humiliated, and it worked. All this is received in Israel as established facts, investigative journalism and another Israeli victory. There’s no need to be in Gaza to know, and it doesn’t matter that the army forbids Israeli journalists to enter the Strip.

    All our bionic powers do the work: balloons for taking photographs, drones, eavesdropping, collaborators, an off-the-record statement by a senior Fatah official in Ramallah. All this appears to provide what we interpret as the gospel truth. In comparison, an abundance of details, explanations, assumptions, denials, hesitations and contradictions that we receive from the Palestinian side are considered failed journalism that doesn’t provide a bottom line.  

    Near the sprinklers blithely spraying water in the Israeli fields, I wondered: If you knew that Hamas planned to cynically send people to their deaths so as to once again gain attention and portray Israel as evil, why do you do what they wanted? Why do you, who didn’t use nonlethal means, obey Hamas too?  

    There’s an interior fence, a security fence, and a berm that was built with earth removed from the digging of Israel’s new underground barrier. And there’s a security road and then another one. And then the fields. Around it all are lookout posts and above are surveillance balloons and drones. And all you could do was prove Israel’s ability to kill and maim?

  • Lettre à nos camarades palestiniens - Zone A Défendre
    dimanche 20 mai 2018
    https://zad.nadir.org/spip.php?article5869

    A nos camarades palestinien.es, à nos sœurs et nos frères.

    Nous vous écrivons depuis la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, France, où nous résistons ces derniers temps à l’opération militaire menée par l’Etat français. Celui-ci vise à détruire aussi bien des lieux de vie que des organisations sociales et politiques autogérées.

    Il y a quelques semaines, nous avons reçu un message de soutien de certain.es d’entre vous, à laquelle nous voulons répondre pour vous remercier de ces mots. En apprenant le massacre du 14 mai, le jour de la Nakba, causant d’innombrables pertes, nous avons décidé de nous réunir pour vous faire passer ce message. Tout d’abord, nous déplorons le peu de réaction de notre part et ceux-elles qui nous entourent par rapport à la répression israélienne. Bien que nous écrivons cette lettre sous les détonnations de bombes lacrymogènes et assourdissantes, notre situation à la Zad est bien différente de ce qui se passe en Palestine. Nous savons que la solidarité internationale est un enjeu crucial pour nous permettre à tous d’etre victorieux-euses. (...)

  • Trump ME peace plan : Half West Bank for Palestinians, Abu Dis as capital - DEBKAfile
    https://www.debka.com/trump-me-peace-plan-half-west-bank-for-palestinians-abu-dis-as-capital

    The president had discussed the peace plan’s content with three Arab leaders, Saudi Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman, UAE emir Sheikh Muhammad bin Zayed, the Qatari ruler Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, Egyptian President Abdel-Fatteh El-Sisi, as well as thoroughly briefing Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu. Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan was invited to come aboard, but he rebuffed the offer – and that was even before he generated a crisis with Israel for its deadly confrontation with Hamas in Gaza.
    (...)
    A Palestinian state will be established with limited sovereignty across about half of the West Bank and all the Gaza Strip.
    Israel will retain security responsibility for most of the West Bank and the border crossings.
    The Jordan Valley will remain under Israel sovereignty and military control.
    .The Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem will pass to the Palestinian state, excepting the Old City, which will be part of Israeli Jerusalem.
    Abu Dis east of Jerusalem is the proposed capital of Palestine.
    Palestine and Jordan will share religious jurisdiction over the city’s mosques.
    Gaza will be integrated in the new Palestinian state provided Hamas agrees to disarm.
    There is no provision in the plan for the Palestinian refugees’ “right of return” – but a compensation mechanism will be established and managed by the international community.
    The Trump plan mandates Israel’s recognition as the homeland of the Jewish people, and Palestine with limited sovereignty as the Palestinian homeland.

    Debka est un site « d’intelligence » qui sert souvent aux Israéliens à faire passer des infos à confirmer par la suite... Les choses seraient décidées à la fin du mois de ramadan...

    #palestine

  • Egypt and Qatar working on long-term ceasefire, Hamas disarmament plans for Gaza - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-egypt-qatar-working-on-long-term-ceasefire-hamas-disarmament-in-ga

    According to diplomatic sources in Israel, Egypt seeks to promote reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah, expand the Palestinian Authority’s role in the Gaza Strip, initiate economic relief and arrange for the gradual dismantling of the Hamas military wing. Qatar is proposing that an unaffiliated council of experts manage the Gaza Strip, a halt to Hamas arming itself with offensive weapons and getting international organizations involved to monitor the process. Nickolay Mladenov, the United Nations’ special coordinator for the Mideast Peace Process, is trying to organize a new regional forum that will include Israel, Egypt, the PA and the UN to create and operate a long-term aid mechanism for the Strip.

    From Israel’s perspective, the gaps with Hamas are too great to bridge at the moment. Israel is concerned that a “Hezbollah model” could emerge in the Gaza Strip, in which Hamas keeps its weapons while the PA takes responsibility for managing civilian issues. It is also skeptical about international monitoring mechanisms to prevent arms smuggling, which failed in an agreement brokered by the Bush administration after the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza in 2005.
    Yahya Sinwar, the Hamas leader in the Gaza Strip and the organization’s current strongman, gave a rare interview Wednesday to the Al Jazeera network. Sinwar, who spent more than 20 years in Israeli prisons for murdering Palestinians who cooperated with Israel, was singing a new tune. He announced that Hamas had reached an understanding with Egypt that the demonstrations along the border with Israel would continue but would not deteriorate into a military confrontation. He then praised the “popular nonviolent struggle,” a new position coming from a man who for years headed Hamas’ military wing, which fired rockets at and dug tunnels into Israeli territory.

  • » Artistic Director of Portuguese National Theater Joins Cultural Boycott of Israel
    IMEMC News | May 18, 2018 8:24 PM
    http://imemc.org/article/artistic-director-of-portuguese-national-theater-joins-cultural-boycott-of-is

    The artistic director of the D. Maria II National Theater, Tiago Rodrigues, canceled his participation in the Israel Festival, scheduled to take place in Jerusalem next month, and announced his decision to join the cultural boycott of Israel, according to a statement released by the theater, today.

    “I have decided not to present my show at the Israel Festival in June because I believe it is the only way to ensure that my artwork will not serve to justify or support a government that commits deliberate human rights violations and is currently violently attacking the Palestinian people,” says the author, actor and director.

    Rodrigues says that although his decision as the artistic director of a national theater “could cause discomfort in the diplomatic plane”, “it was a well thought-out decision and I must, above all, obey my conscience. I have consulted with friends and colleagues whom I trust, and I have read statements by many intellectuals and artists, notably Israelis. Also I bear witness to the Israeli government’s terrible and violent conduct in this moment.” (...)

    #BDS

  • Les surprenants propos d’Ignazio Cassis sur l’#UNWRA - SWI swissinfo.ch
    https://www.swissinfo.ch/fre/politique/conflit-isra%C3%A9lo-palestinien-_les-surprenants-propos-d-ignazio-cassis-sur-l-unwra/44126600

    Le ministre #suisse des Affaires étrangères déclare tout d’abord à propos de l’impasse du processus de paix israélo-palestinien : « Tant que les Arabes ne sont pas prêts à accorder à Israël le droit d’exister, #Israël se sent menacé dans son existence et se défendra. »

    Ancien diplomate suisse au Proche-Orient, Yves Besson n’en revient pas : « Comment peut-il dire une chose pareille ? Tant la Jordanie que l’Egypte ont signé un accord de paix avec Israël. Et les pays arabes avaient soutenu un plan de paix proposé par l’Arabie saoudite il y a une quinzaine d’années. Et ça n’est là que quelques exemples qui contredisent les propos de notre ministre. Ignazio Cassis doit être mal renseigné. »

    Dans la même interview, Ignazio Cassis aborde la question des réfugiés palestiniens : « Les réfugiés rêvent de retourner en #Palestine. Entre-temps, il n’y a plus 700’000 réfugiés palestiniens dans le monde [comme en 1948], mais 5 millions. Il n’est pas réaliste que ce rêve devienne réalité pour tout le monde. Cependant, l’UNRWA maintient cet espoir. Pour moi, la question se pose : l’UNRWA fait-elle partie de la solution ou du problème ? »

    Relancé par le journaliste, Ignazio Cassis finit par répondre à sa question : « Tant que les Palestiniens vivent dans des camps de réfugiés, ils veulent retourner dans leur patrie. En soutenant l’UNRWA, nous maintenons le conflit en vie. C’est une logique perverse, parce qu’en fait, tout le monde veut mettre fin au conflit. »

    #air_du_temps #sans_vergogne

  • Under Sisi, firms owned by Egypt’s military have flourished
    https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/egypt-economy-military

    In the four years since former armed forces chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi became Egypt’s president, companies owned by the military have gone from strength to strength. Local businessmen and foreign investors are concerned.

    By Reuters staff Filed May 16, 2018, 11 a.m. GMT

    CAIRO – In a four-decade military career, Osama Abdel Meguid served in the first Gulf War and was an assistant military attaché in the United States.

    These days he issues orders from an office that overlooks the Nile, as chairman of the Maadi Co. for Engineering Industries, owned by the Ministry of Military Production.

    Maadi was founded in 1954 to manufacture grenade launchers, pistols and machine guns. In recent years the firm, which employs 1,400 people, has begun turning out greenhouses, medical devices, power equipment and gyms. It has plans for four new factories.

    “There are so many projects we are working on,” said Abdel Meguid, a 61-year-old engineer, listing orders including a 495 million Egyptian pound ($28 million) project for the Ministry of Electricity and an Algerian agricultural waste recycling contract worth $400,000.

    Maadi is one of dozens of military-owned companies that have flourished since Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, a former armed forces chief, became president in 2014, a year after leading the military in ousting Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.

    The military owns 51 percent of a firm that is developing a new $45 billion capital city 75 km east of Cairo. Another military-owned company is building Egypt’s biggest cement plant. Other business interests range from fish farms to holiday resorts.

    In interviews conducted over the course of a year, the chairmen of nine military-owned firms described how their businesses are expanding and discussed their plans for future growth. Figures from the Ministry of Military Production - one of three main bodies that oversee military firms - show that revenues at its firms are rising sharply. The ministry’s figures and the chairmen’s accounts give rare insight into the way the military is growing in economic influence.

  • Israel and the U.S. are triggering a risky, unnecessary war of choice in the Middle East

    Triggering a Risky, Unnecessary War of Choice in the Middle East
    But neither Israel’s prime minister, nor other regional U.S. allies, have any assurances America will stick around to manage the dangerous fallout from the Iran deal’s implosion

    Daniel Levy May 10, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-and-the-u-s-are-triggering-a-risky-unnecessary-war-in-the-m

    We will probably never know the extent of responsibility Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu bears for the U.S. withdrawal, under President Trump, from the Iran nuclear deal.
    U.S.- Iranian relations have certainly long been poisonous, independent of Israel. Congressional enthusiasm for the deal was always low and, within the GOP, support for it near non-existent.
    Still, Netanyahu and the campaign he spearheaded certainly helped to create part of the backdrop to Trump‘s announcement; indeed, in his announcement, Trump gave Israel direct credit for supposedlysupplying ‘definitive proof’ that Iran’s nuclear intentions were never peaceful. Not  for the first time, a U.S. presidential text read like it was written in Jerusalem. 

    Israel will now have to live with the consequences of that success. Following Trump’s announcement, the nuclear deal is now on a clear path to unravelling completely, with only a small chance of reversing that trajectory.
    Iran has been honoring the stipulations of the JCPOA, something that Netanyahu and the deal’s many critics said would never happen, and they have produced no evidence to the contrary.
    The concerns which the U.S. and Israel had raised regarding the limitations of the deal, and with which Europeans, at least, were sympathetic – the sunset clause arrangements regarding Iranian nuclear energy, ballistic missile development, and especially the challenges posed by Iran regionally – all will now have to be addressed in an atmosphere of growing crisis.
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    That atmosphere will only be heightened now the nuclear issue is presumably back on the table, while tensions are escalating on Israel’s northern border, and the value of American international commitments have been significantly devalued. 
    Without batting an eye-lid, President Trump has effectively just called his European allies (as well as the Chinese and Russians) a bunch of morons for negotiating what he described as a ‘horrible,’ “one-sided,” ‘decayed,’ “rotting” and ‘defective’ deal.
    Despite his recent protestations that a shortcoming of the nuclear deal was its failure to address Iran’s regional ambitions, Netanyahu was among those who pushed hardest to keep the nuclear and regional files separate in any P5+1 dealings with Iran. He has now helped bring those two together.
    After Trump’s withdrawal decision there might be an attempt to create a semblance of continuity – Europeans and Iranians might explore avenues for retaining the deal which was, after all, blessed by the UN, and they could attempt to address the additional concerns raised by the U.S. But the odds are heavily stacked against that succeeding, if it is even attempted. 

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu delivers a speech on Iran’s nuclear program, in Tel Aviv, April 30, 2018.JACK GUEZ/AFP
    Europe cannot salvage the deal without the U.S. Thus far, Iran has implemented its side of the bargain without the reciprocal economic easing really materializing – that is primarily because European banks and companies feared being frozen out by U.S. financial institutions. Now what was speculation and risk management from European business has become fact, even fewer in the European private sector will risk extensive business dealings with Iran.

    A strong economic stand by Europe against U.S. direct and secondary sanctions, possibly even at the WTO, might make a difference. There are few signs that Europe is preparing such a response. 
    On the Iranian side the smart money will be on this strengthening those who cautioned against any expectations from the West in general, and the U.S. in particular, to honor agreements. 
    To try and claim, as the White House has done recently, that this exit could be a prelude to a better deal is to stretch incredulity to breaking point.
    The logic of Trump’s announcement is that he and his team expect one of three scenarios to play out - regime change in Iran, capitulation by Iran or confrontation with Iran.
    The music suggests that that the U.S. is betting on scenarios one or two. Neither option has much going for it other than wishful thinking. American-driven attempts at regime change have a very poor record indeed in the Middle East, and anyone who thinks that Iran will agree to terms dictated by Washington, Riyadh and Jerusalem has not been paying attention.
    All of which points in the direction of an increasing likelihood of the gloves coming off and of direct confrontation between some combination of the key protagonists (the U.S., Israel and Saudi Arabia on one side, Iran, Hezbollah and allied militias, including in Iraq, on the other.)

  • Jean-Luc Godard annonce son soutien au mouvement de boycott du cinéma israélien | The Times of Israël

    https://fr.timesofisrael.com/jean-luc-godard-annonce-son-soutien-au-mouvement-de-boycott-du-cin

    Le cinéaste français Jean-Luc Godard a rejoint des dizaines d’autres professionnels de l’industrie cinématographique française qui ont promis de boycotter un événement célébrant le cinéma israélien.

    Godard, pionnier du cinéma de la Nouvelle Vague des années 1960 et marxiste avoué qui a déjà combattu des accusations d’antisémitisme, a ajouté son nom à une pétition du 4 mai appelant à un boycott de la saison France-Israël organisée par l’Institut français.

  • Winner of prestigious Israeli award to donate prize money to human rights organizations

    Feminist and scientist Evelyn Fox Keller, a former professor at MIT, will give her Dan David Prize money to anti-occupation organization B’Tselem, the Association for Civil Rights in Israel and Physicians for Human Rights

    Haaretz.com | Amira Hass May 07, 2018 8:11 AM
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-winner-of-dan-david-prize-to-donate-proceeds-to-fight-occupation-1

    One of the winners of this year’s Dan David Prize plans to give the prize money to three Israeli human rights organizations.

    Prof. Evelyn Fox Keller, one of nine people who received the award at Tel Aviv University Sunday night, will give the money to B’Tselem, the Association for Civil Rights in Israel and Physicians for Human Rights.

    The scientist and feminist thinker told Haaretz that the moment she found out she had won the prize, she decided she could accept it only if she gave the money to organizations combating Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians.

    In a written statement to Haaretz on Sunday, the 82-year-old, who last taught at MIT wrote, “I am deeply grateful to the Dan David Foundation both for the honor conferred by the prize, and for the opportunity it provides me to support those elements of Israeli society committed to peaceful coexistence and to the protection of human rights for all.”

    Asked why she didn’t just refuse the prize, since it is granted by an Israeli university which is part of the system and doesn’t criticize it, she replied, “I didn’t see it that way. I am accepting the prize in support of people who resist the system. I didn’t see what would be served by turning it down. As a political statement, it is stronger if I take the prize and give it away.”

    The interview with Fox Keller took place last Thursday, less than 24 hours after she landed in Israel. She said she decided to announce her plans for the prize money through this interview rather than during the ceremony because “I didn’t want it to be a ‘fuck you’ statement. I don’t want to be the focus of the night.”

    On Saturday, she revealed her plans to her two co-winners in the “Past – History of Science” category, Prof. Lorraine Daston of Berlin’s Max Planck Institute for the History of Science and Prof. Simon Schaffer of Cambridge University. The other six winners were in the categories of “Present – Bioethics” and “Future – Personalized Medicine.” The $3 million purse will be evenly divided among the nine of them.

    The prize, named for the international entrepreneur and philanthropist who established it, is granted annually “for achievements having an outstanding scientific, technological, cultural or social impact on our world,” according to its website. Fox Keller won for “pioneering work on language, gender, and science” which “has been hugely influential on shaping our views of the history of science.” Her research specialties are theoretical physics, mathematical biology, feminist thought and history of science.

    The website’s reference to her “pioneering work” refers to her discovery of the degree to which modern scientific thought and its depiction of natural phenomena were shaped by patriarchal ideology and language. For instance, biologists searched for a “master” molecule – a dominant molecule that would operate an entire system – rather than recognizing the cooperation and self-organization of the various component parts.

    Christina Agapakis, a biologist and founding editor of “Method Quarterly,” wrote in her introduction to an interview with Fox Keller in 2014, “Throughout her career she has pushed the boundaries of science, confidently crossing the borders that separate disciplines and breaking down the barriers keeping women out of the highest reaches of scientific achievement.”

    Asked whether she thought Israeli universities should speak out against infringements on Palestinians’ academic freedom — such as Israel’s refusal to let students from the Gaza Strip study in the West Bank and obstacles it places before foreign academics and students who wish to teach or study in the occupied territories — Fox Keller responded, “Of course I think they should, but they don’t. And they don’t want to and don’t have a voice.”

    It’s not just Tel Aviv University that “doesn’t have a will,” she added. “None of the universities in Israel have a will.”

    Her last visit here was 10 years ago, when she was hosted by the Weizmann Institute of Science. She said she was shocked by the changes in her friends, who used to consider themselves liberals and socialists, yet had no idea what was happening in the Palestinian territories under Israeli rule.

    “The biggest change is probably the children, the effect the army had,” she said.

    “I said [then that] Israel makes me ashamed of being a Jew,” she added. “Yes, I feel the same today.”

    Asked why she should feel that way, since she’s an American Jew rather than an Israeli, she replied, “It was just a gut response. I cannot defend it ... [except to say that] my political commitments are whatever remains of my Jewish leftist heritage.”

  • This American Is A General For A Foreign Army Accused Of War Crimes In Yemen

    https://www.buzzfeed.com/aramroston/stephen-toumajan-general-us-uae-yemen-contractor

    Stephen Toumajan spent most of his professional life as an officer in the US Army — but these days the country he serves is not the US but the United Arab Emirates. He is a major general for the Emirati military, according to his own statements and a UAE government website.

    He commands the UAE’s military helicopter branch at a time when that country’s forces are fighting one of the world’s deadliest conflicts: the brutal war in Yemen, which has left over a million people with cholera, 8 million people at risk of starvation, and 5,000 children dead or wounded. The UAE and its partners in the war have been accused of atrocities. Toumajan says he is not involved in that war.

    To be a UAE general is a step up for Toumajan, who left the US Army as a lieutenant colonel and once had a side gig running a women’s bust–enhancement business in Tennessee called Breast Wishes.

    More importantly, it represents a marked escalation of the role US private military contractors play in foreign conflicts. While military contractors have become deeply entwined in warfare all over the world, they traditionally have stuck to strict limits: advising, training, and supplying foreign armies — but not actually serving in them. It’s the distinction between being a contractor and a mercenary. Toumajan’s role blurs that distinction.

  • Israeli Operatives Who Aided Harvey Weinstein Collected Information on Former Obama Administration Officials

    https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/israeli-operatives-that-aided-harvey-weinstein-collected-information-on-former-obama-administration-officials/amp?__twitter_impression=true

    In June, 2017, Ann Norris, a former State Department official, received an e-mail containing an unusual proposal. Norris is married to Ben Rhodes, a former foreign-policy adviser to President Barack Obama and a prominent advocate of the Iran nuclear deal. In the e-mail, a woman who introduced herself as Eva Novak and claimed to work for a London-based film company called Shell Productions asked Norris to consult on a movie that she described as “ ‘All the President’s Men’ meets ‘The West Wing’ ”: it would follow the personal lives of “government officials in the positions that determine war and Peace” during times of geopolitical crisis, including “nuclear negotiations with a hostile nation.” Recalling the exchange, Ann Norris said that she found Eva Novak’s request “bizarre,” and that she “never responded.”

    The e-mail appears to be part of an undercover campaign by an Israeli private-intelligence firm to discredit Obama officials who had been leading proponents of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. The campaign was first reported, on Saturday, by the British newspaper the Observer. However, sources familiar with the effort and pages of documents obtained by The New Yorker reveal that there is more to understand. Two of those sources told me on Sunday that the operation was carried out by Black Cube—a firm that was also employed by Harvey Weinstein and that offers its clients access to operatives from “Israel’s élite military and governmental intelligence units,” including the Mossad.

  • Hamas in message to Israel: Willing to negotiate long-term truce -

    According to intelligence assessments, the organization is still in dire distress and is currently more open to discussing options it rejected in the past

    Amos Harel May 07, 2018

    Israel News - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-hamas-in-message-to-israel-willing-to-negotiate-long-term-truce-1.

    Hamas leaders in the Gaza Strip have recently conveyed messages to Israel indicating their willingness to negotiate a long term cease-fire in the enclave. These messages were passed through different channels on several occasions over the last few months. Hamas wants to tie the cease-fire with an easing of the siege on Gaza, permission to embark on large-scale infrastructure projects and a prisoner and body exchange deal.
    As far as is known, Israel has not responded clearly to the messages.
    Reports presented to senior defense establishment officials and the political echelons say that tensions in Gaza will remain high even after the massive Nakba Day demonstration Hamas has planned for May 15, when Palestinians mark the expulsion of Arabs from their homes during the 1947-49 Israeli War of Independence. According to intelligence assessments, Hamas is still in dire and unprecedented strategic distress and is currently more open to discussing options it rejected in the past.
    The Hamas leadership is engaged in a lively debate regarding the negotiation of a cease-fire and the exchange of prisoners and bodies. The daily Israel Hayom reported two weeks ago that Yahya Sinwar, Hamas’ leader in Gaza, is in favor, while the overall Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh is opposed. The paper claimed that Sinwar accused Haniyeh of yielding to Iranian pressure in forming his positions.
    At the same time, reconciliation efforts between the Palestinian Authority and Hamas are still on hold after the assassination attempt on the PA’s Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah during his visit to Gaza in March. The PA blamed Hamas for detonating explosives close to Hamdallah’s convoy while Hamas blamed internal rivalry within the PA and attributed the attempt to the head of the General Intelligence Service in Ramallah, Majid Faraj, who was also in the convoy.

  • Le retour des Dr Folamour | Philippe Leymarie
    https://blog.mondediplo.net/le-retour-des-dr-folamour

  • Dear occupiers, sorry if we hurt your feelings - Opinion - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    Not one Israeli statesman today intends to apologize for the Nakba – not for the ethnic cleansing, nor for the exiling. But Abbas had no choice but to apologize for his Holocaust remark

    Gideon Levy May 06, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-dear-occupiers-sorry-if-we-hurt-your-feelings-1.6055095

    It’s hard to imagine a more unfounded, bizarre and insane scenario than this: The leader of the Palestinian people is forced to apologize to the Jewish people. The one who was robbed apologizes to the robbers, the victim apologizes to the rapist, the dead to the killer.
    After all, the occupiers are so sensitive – and their feelings, and only theirs, must be taken into account. A nation that hasn’t stopped occupying, destroying and killing, and has never considered apologizing for anything – anything – gets its victims to apologize for one measly sentence by their leader. The rest is known: “apology not accepted.” What did you think would happen? That it would be “accepted”?
    You don’t have to be an admirer of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to understand the depths of the absurd. You don’t have to be an Israel hater to understand the extent of the chutzpah.
    Israel holds a magic card, the lottery of the century: the horror of anti-Semitism. The value of this card is on a dizzying rise, especially now as the Holocaust recedes and anti-Semitism is being replaced in many countries by criticism of Israel. Playing this lucky card covers everything. Its holders not only can do anything they please, they can be insulted and put on the squeeze.
    The world became agitated over Abbas like it never was over any Israeli incitement – the chorus of the European Union, the UN envoy and of course, the ambassador of the settlers, David Friedman, who never denounces Israel for anything, only the Palestinians. Even The New York Times took on an amazingly sharp tone: “Let Abbas’ vile words be his last as Palestinian leader.”
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    It’s hard to imagine that the newspaper the Jewish right has marked as an Israel hater, baselessly of course, would use similar language against an Israeli prime minister; the one responsible, for example, for the massacre of unarmed protesters.

    There’s a double standard in Israel as well: It will never attack the anti-Semitic right in Europe as it attacks Abbas, who is certainly much less anti-Semitic, if at all, than Austrian Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache or Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
    Abbas said something that should not have been said. A day later he apologized. He regretted and retracted what he said, condemned the Holocaust and anti-Semitism, and reaffirmed his commitment to the two-state solution. It wouldn’t have taken much more for him to bend his knee to Israel’s hobnail boots and ask forgiveness for continuing to live under them.
    But Israel won’t let any apology stop its nefarious gloating. Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman was quick to damn the other side, as usual: “despicable Holocaust denier apology not accepted.”

  • Israel braces for Iran missile attack from Syria over last month’s deadly strike

    Israeli officials believe Iran is determined to retaliate for the April 9 airstrike on Syria’s T4 airbase, which killed seven Iranian military advisers and members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards

    Amos Harel May 06, 2018
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-braces-for-iran-missile-attack-from-syria-over-t4-airstrike

    Israeli defense officials are bracing for the possibility of an Iranian revenge attack from Syria in the near future, in the form of rocket and missile launches at northern Israel.
    Officials believe Iran is determined to retaliate for the April 9 airstrike on Syria’s T4 airbase, which killed seven Iranian military advisers and members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. Iran blames Israel for this attack.
    >> Iran’s proxy wars: The four battlegrounds Iran uses to threaten Israel and the Middle East | Analysis: Despite Iran’s threats, Israeli army pushes aggressive line against Tehran in Syria >>
    Israel has detected unusual involvement by Hezbollah in Iran’s preparations for retaliation, even though the organization has been trying to keep its activity low-profile so as not to affect its position within Lebanon. Aside from Hezbollah commanders, operatives from the Shi’ite militias that Iran funds in Syria have also been active in the preparations.
    The operational planning, however, is being done by members of the Revolutionary Guards’ Quds force.

  • Les Cafés Géo » L’épopée du #Canal_de_Suez, des pharaons au XXIe siècle

    http://cafe-geo.net/lepopee-du-canal-de-suez-des-pharaons-au-xxie-siecle

    Voilà bien une exposition idéale pour réconcilier histoire et géographie, si c’est nécessaire.

    Elle a plusieurs mérites. Elle présente d’abord la cérémonie de l’inauguration elle-même avec son faste étonnant, ses invités au premier rang desquels l’impératrice Eugénie, dont le Yacht impérial l’Aigle est placé en tête de la flottille officielle, puis François-Joseph de Habsbourg qui a déjà commencé son long règne. Des portraits et photos nous permettent d’admirer les épaules d’Eugénie, puis les moustaches et favoris de l’empereur d’Autriche-Hongrie. Les visiteurs furent sensibles nous dit-on au contraste entre ce faste et la misère populaire alentour. Un bal fut organisé pour 5 000 personnes, où figurait peut-être Paul Vidal de La Blache. Ce dernier en effet était alors membre de l’Ecole Française d’Athènes où il se préparait à une carrière d’archéologue et épigraphiste ; il vint assister à l’inauguration. Peut-être cet épisode de sa vie ne fut-il pas étranger à son choix de devenir géographe

    #grands_travaux #verrous_maritimes #transports_maritimes

  • Despite Iran’s threats, Israeli army pushes aggressive line against Tehran in Syria

    IDF believes Iran won’t strike back before Trump’s deadline on nuclear deal, elections in Lebanon

    Amos Harel May 04, 2018
    Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/.premium-israeli-army-chief-eisenkot-stay-forceful-in-syria-despite-iran-1.

    Both the government and the military are sticking to an aggressive policy on Iran, arguing that Israel must continue to act in any way possible to stop Iran’s military consolidation in Syria.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz
    Even after the two latest airstrikes attributed to Israel in Syria, on April 9 and April 29, and despite Iran’s threats of revenge, there has been no sign of any change in Israeli policy.
    The person spearheading this activist policy in the north is Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Gadi Eisenkot, whose position is backed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman. Reportedly, no cabinet minister has voiced opposition to the IDF’s stance, despite the risks it entails.
    According to the defense establishment’s analysis, Iran continues to send advanced weapons systems to Syria. But these arms are no longer necessarily slated to be passed on to Hezbollah in Lebanon. Instead, they are being used to bolster Iran’s military deployment in Syria, and may even be meant to prepare an Iranian military response against Israel.

    For now, however, Tehran seems to be debating over the nature of its promised retaliation against Israel, and even more, over its timing.
    One theory being advanced is that Tehran may be reluctant to respond prior to Lebanon’s parliamentary elections this coming Sunday and U.S. President Donald Trump’s expected announcement on May 12 as to whether his country is quitting the nuclear agreement with Iran. Israel’s announcement of the theft of Iran’s nuclear archive by Mossad agents is likely to increase Iranian leaders’ embarrassment.

  • Un pavillon pour le cinéma palestinien pour la première fois à Cannes
    TSA | Par : AFP 04 Mai 2018 à

    https://www.tsa-algerie.com/un-pavillon-pour-le-cinema-palestinien-pour-la-premiere-fois-a-cannes

    Les Palestiniens auront pour la première fois un pavillon de représentation officielle au festival de Cannes, une chance de promotion pour le cinéma palestinien.

    Des films palestiniens ont déjà été présentés à plusieurs reprises à la grande messe du cinéma, qui débute le 8 mai, mais c’est la première fois que les cinéastes palestiniens disposeront d’un pavillon.

    “La Palestine a presque chaque année un film sélectionné à Cannes mais jusqu’à présent nous n’avions pas de représentation officielle”, a expliqué le cinéaste Mohanad Yaqoubi, un des co-fondateurs du Palestine Film Institute.

    “C’est très important d’avoir un organisme qui essaye de représenter (le cinéma palestinien) et d’établir des contacts”, a-t-il ajouté, s’exprimant en anglais.

  •  » Pourquoi je participe à la grande marche du retour à Gaza « |Agence Media Palestine
    Fadi Abu Shammalah, 27 avril 2018
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2018/05/01/pourquoi-je-participe-a-la-grande-marche-du-retour-a-gaza

    (...) Les habitants de Gaza ont subi une tragédie après l’autre : des vagues de déplacements massifs, la vie dans des camps de réfugiés sordides, une économie piratée, un accès restreint aux zones de pêche, un siège asphyxiant et trois guerres au cours de ces neuf dernières années. Israël a imaginé qu’une fois la génération qui a connu la Nakba disparue, les jeunes renonceraient à notre rêve de retour. Je crois que c’est en partie pour cela qu’Israël maintient Gaza au bord de la catastrophe humanitaire – nos vies réduites à une lutte quotidienne pour la nourriture, l’eau, les médicaments et l’électricité, nous ne serions plus en état de nous soucier de plus nobles aspirations. La Marche prouve que ma génération n’a pas l’intention d’abandonner les rêves de son peuple.

    La Grande Marche du retour a galvanisé mon optimisme, mais je reste réaliste. La Marche, seule, ne mettra pas fin au siège et à l’occupation, ne résorbera pas l’énorme déséquilibre des forces entre Israël et les Palestiniens ni ne réparera les torts historiques. L’engagement se poursuit jusqu’à ce que tous les êtres humains dans la région puissent partager les mêmes droits. Mais je ne pouvais pas être plus impressionné par mon peuple ou être fier de lui – nous voir unis sous un même drapeau, avec une approbation quasi unanime des moyens pacifiques pour réclamer nos droits et affirmer notre humanité.

    Tous les vendredis, jusqu’au 15 mai, je continuerai à aller aux campements pour envoyer un message à la communauté internationale décrivant les conditions désastreuses dans lesquelles je suis obligé d’élever mes fils. J’irai, jusqu’à ce que je puisse apercevoir nos terres – nos arbres – de l’autre côté de la frontière militaire alors que les soldats israéliens me surveillent derrière leurs armes.

    Si Ali me demande pourquoi je retourne à la Grande Marche du Retour malgré le danger, je lui dirai ceci : J’aime la vie. Mais plus que ça, je t’aime, toi, Karam et Adam. Si risquer ma vie signifie que toi et tes frères aurez une chance de grandir, d’avoir un avenir digne, de vivre en paix avec vos voisins, dans un pays libre, alors c’est un risque que je dois prendre.

    #Marcheduretour

  • Tirs à balles réelles à Gaza : diagnostic
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/tirs-a-balles-reelles-a-gaza-diagnostic,2440

    Orient XXI > Magazine > Chris den Hond > 4 mai 2018

    vidéo du Dr Oberlin un chirurgien français présent sur place en avril.

  • Army Green Berets Secretly Help Saudis Combat Threat From Yemen Rebels - The New York Times

    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/03/us/politics/green-berets-saudi-yemen-border-houthi.html

    By Helene Cooper, Thomas Gibbons-Neff and Eric Schmitt
    May 3, 2018
    WASHINGTON — For years, the American military has sought to distance itself from a brutal civil war in Yemen, where Saudi-led forces are battling rebels who pose no direct threat to the United States.

    But late last year, a team of about a dozen Green Berets arrived on Saudi Arabia’s border with Yemen, in a continuing escalation of America’s secret wars.

    With virtually no public discussion or debate, the Army commandos are helping locate and destroy caches of ballistic missiles and launch sites that Houthi rebels in Yemen are using to attack Riyadh and other Saudi cities.

    Details of the Green Beret operation, which has not been previously disclosed, were provided to The New York Times by United States officials and European diplomats.
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    They appear to contradict Pentagon statements that American military assistance to the Saudi-led campaign in Yemen is limited to aircraft refueling, logistics and general intelligence sharing.

    There is no indication that the American commandos have crossed into Yemen as part of the secretive mission.

    But sending American ground forces to the border is a marked escalation of Western assistance to target Houthi fighters who are deep in Yemen.

    Beyond its years as a base for Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen has been convulsed by civil strife since 2014, when the Shiite Muslim rebels from the country’s north stormed the capital, Sana. The Houthis, who are aligned with Iran, ousted the government of President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, the Americans’ main counterterrorism partner in Yemen.

    In 2015, a military coalition led by Saudi Arabia began bombing the Houthis, who have responded by firing missiles into the kingdom. Yet there is no evidence that the Houthis directly threaten the United States; they are an unsophisticated militant group with no operations outside Yemen and have not been classified by the American government as a terrorist group.

    The Green Berets, the Army’s Special Forces, deployed to the border in December, weeks after a ballistic missile fired from Yemen sailed close to Riyadh, the Saudi capital. The Saudi military intercepted the missile over the city’s international airport, and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman renewed a longstanding request that the United States send troops to help the kingdom combat the Houthi threat.

  • La prestation de Netanyahu prouve seulement pourquoi l’accord nucléaire iranien doit rester en place.
    Patrick Cockburn – 02 mai 2018 – Counterpunch.org – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – MJB
    http://www.chroniquepalestine.com/la-prestation-de-netanyahu-prouve-seulement-pourquoi-laccord-nuc

    Patrick Cockburn – La mine de documents iraniens sur le programme nucléaire de l’Iran présentés par le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu comme preuve de la duplicité de Téhéran ne contiennent rien de substantiel qui n’ait été connu auparavant.

    Bien que la divulgation ait été faite pour justifier le torpillage de l’accord sur le nucléaire iranien par le président Donald Trump le 12 mai prochain, M. Netanyahu n’a pu trouver aucune preuve que l’Iran ait violé l’accord signé en 2015. (...)

  • Israel denies entry to four American civil rights leaders
    +972 Magazine | By Mairav Zonszein |Published May 3, 2018
    https://972mag.com/israel-denies-entry-to-prominent-american-civil-rights-leaders/135059

    Four members of an American human rights delegation to Israel and the West Bank, were detained at Ben Gurion Airport, denied entry, and deported by Israeli authorities on Sunday. The rest of the delegation was allowed through.

    Two of the four deported are Vincent Warren, executive director of the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), and Katherine Franke, chair of CCR’s board and Sulzbacher Professor of Law, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Columbia University. The two others who were deported did not want to be named or interviewed. Franke was accused of being affiliated with the BDS movement; Warren appears to have been deported simply by association.

    #expulsion #BDS

  • Demandes d’asile validées

    https://www.brief.me/a/20180502/1401/6916/CRAQoksFj9hW

    Les 28 États membres de l’Union européenne ont accordé une protection à 538 000 demandeurs d’asile en 2017, selon des chiffres publiés il y a une dizaine de jours par l’office européen de statistiques Eurostat. Ce chiffre est en recul de presque 25 % par rapport à 2016, ce qui s’explique par la forte baisse du nombre de demandes d’asile, divisé par deux entre 2016 et 2017. Suivant une tendance inverse à celle de l’ensemble de l’UE, la France a augmenté le nombre de ses réponses positives à des demandes d’asile. Si elle est le deuxième pays de l’Union européenne pour le nombre total de protections accordées en 2017, elle est en revanche en dessous de la moyenne européenne si on rapporte ce chiffre au nombre d’habitants. L’Allemagne, qui a donné à elle seule 60 % des réponses positives, est en tête, suivie par l’Autriche, qui se situe non loin de la France et de l’Italie pour le nombre de demandes d’asile accordées, mais compte environ sept fois moins d’habitants qu’elles.

    #europe #migrations #asile

  • Israël vote une loi facilitant le processus décisionnel pour l’entrée en guerre | The Times of Israël

    La Knesset approuve la clause controversée de la nouvelle loi qui autorise Netanyahu à lancer des opérations militaires de masse en ne consultant que le ministre de la Défense

    Par SUE SURKES, RAOUL WOOTLIFF et AFP

    https://fr.timesofisrael.com/israel-vote-une-loi-facilitant-le-processus-decisionnel-pour-lentr

    Le Parlement israélien a voté lundi en faveur d’une loi permettant au Premier ministre et au ministre de la Défense de décider d’entrer en guerre sans réunir le gouvernement, sur fond de tensions croissantes entre Israël et certains de ses voisins.

    Cette loi, votée à 62 voix contre 41, donne la responsabilité au cabinet restreint de sécurité de décider d’une opération militaire ou d’une guerre sans se concerter avec le reste du gouvernement.

    Recevez gratuitement notre édition quotidienne par mail pour ne rien manquer du meilleur de l’info INSCRIPTION GRATUITE !
    Mais un paragraphe précise qu’en cas de « conditions extrêmes », le Premier ministre et son ministre de la Défense, seuls, pourront décider d’une telle opération.

    La loi ne précise pas quelles sont exactement ces « conditions extrêmes », ou qui les déterminera, en indiquant seulement que la décision s’appliquera, « si la question est nécessaire en raison de l’urgence ».

    Des soldats de l’armée israélienne à Hébron, le 17 juin 2014. (Crédit : AFP Photo/Hazem Bader)
    Le projet de loi initié par la ministre de la Justice Ayelet Shaked est un amendement d’une loi fondamentale qui, auparavant, donnait au gouvernement uniquement la possibilité de décider de lancer une opération militaire avec la présence de la majorité des ministres.

    Présenté par Netanyahu depuis l’année dernière – le projet avait été rejeté plus tôt dans la journée par les membres de deux comités clés de la Knesset : Droit et Justice, et Affaires étrangères et Défense. Il a toutefois été soumis à nouveau par Avi Dichter, membre du Likud et président de la Commission des Affaires étrangères et de la Défense, lors des deuxième et troisième lectures d’un amendement plus large et a été voté dans ce cadre législatif plus large.

    Cet amendement plus large permet au gouvernement de déléguer le pouvoir de déclarer la guerre dans des circonstances normales, ou de se mobiliser pour une opération militaire majeure, à un forum composé « d’au moins la moitié » de tous les ministres du Cabinet.

    Le président de la Commission des affaires étrangères et de la défense, Avi Dichter (D), dirige une réunion de la Commission à la Knesset, le 30 avril 2018. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)
    Il y a environ huit ans, Netanyahu et Ehud Barak, alors ministre de la Défense, avaient chargé le chef d’état-major et le chef du service de renseignement du Mossad de placer l’armée en état d’urgence, mais ces derniers lui ont répondu que cela était illégal car cette action n’avait pas été dûment approuvée et pouvait mener à la guerre.

    Cependant, à de nombreuses occasions, des décisions de même nature ont été prises par le seul Cabinet de sécurité, un petit groupe de ministres chargé d’élaborer des politiques en matière de guerre et de paix, ou d’autres petits groupes de ministres.

    Onze ministres sont membres du cabinet restreint de sécurité actuel sur les 22 ministres qui composent le gouvernement Netanyahu.

    Yaakov Amidror (à droite) avec le chef d’état-major général de Tsahal Benny Gantz (Crédit photo : Miriam Alster/Flash90).
    Un comité créé en 2016 sous la direction d’un ancien conseiller à la sécurité nationale, le major-général Yaakov Amidror, pour examiner le fonctionnement du cabinet de sécurité et la manière dont il informe et met à jour les ministres a recommandé de mettre la loi en conformité avec ce qu’il a dit être devenu la « pratique normale ». En juin de l’année dernière, le cabinet a voté en faveur d’une modification de la loi.

    Ayelet Shaked a justifié l’amendement en expliquant devant le Parlement que « dans la situation sécuritaire actuelle, il faut pouvoir rendre plus efficace le travail du gouvernement et du Cabinet ».

    Deux députés de l’opposition – Omer Bar Lev de l’Union sioniste, officier de réserve de l’armée israélienne ayant le grade de colonel et ancien commandant de l’unité d’élite Sayeret Matkal, et Ofer Shelah de Yesh Atid, commandant de compagnie de la Brigade de parachutistes de réserve qui a perdu un œil pendant la guerre du Liban de 1982 – ont averti les comités que le libellé de la nouvelle législation pourrait permettre au Premier ministre d’exclure les députés opposés à une opération militaire et de soumettre une telle opération à un vote en l’absence de ces derniers.

    Le député Ofer Shelah (Yesh Atid) s’exprime lors d’une conférence de presse sur ce que l’on appelle la « loi sur la conscription » à Tel Aviv le 12 septembre 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)
    Ils ont également déclaré que permettre au Premier ministre et au ministre de la Défense de décider quand une situation est considérée comme « conditions extrêmes » leur donnerait le plein pouvoir de déclencher une guerre sans aucun contrôle.

    Shelah a ensuite accusé les membres de la coalition d’avoir voté « contre leurs propres opinions, en matière de vie et de mort » à cause de la pression exercée par Netanyahu.

    « Le mépris de Netanyahu pour tous ceux qui l’entourent et pour tout ce que nous avons appris au cours de nos nombreuses guerres a pris le pas sur la considération de nombreux membres compétents et expérimentés de la Knesset », a-t-il dit.

    L’Institut israélien pour la démocratie a soumis une série de réserves aux commissions au sujet du projet de loi, notamment en exigeant l’approbation du Premier ministre, du vice-Premier ministre et des ministres de plusieurs ministères clés et en suggérant de définir les activités militaires qui nécessitent l’approbation du Cabinet et celles qui ne le sont pas. Aucune des recommandations de l’institut n’a été acceptée.

    Bien qu’ils se soient opposés sans succès au projet de loi à la Knesset, les partis d’opposition ont déclaré lundi soir au Times of Israel qu’il n’y avait aucun projet de recours contre le projet de loi devant la Haute Cour.

    Cette loi est votée dans un contexte de tensions avec les Palestiniens alors que, depuis le 30 mars, des manifestations dans la bande de Gaza, le long de la frontière avec Israël, ont donné lieu à des affrontements avec les forces israéliennes dans lesquels 45 Palestiniens auraient été tués.

    Par ailleurs, le ministre israélien de la Défense Avigdor Liberman a averti jeudi que son pays s’en prendrait à toute tentative d’“implantation militaire” iranienne en Syrie, après une attaque dans ce pays le 9 avril attribuée à l’Etat hébreu.

    Tout en veillant à ne pas se laisser entraîner dans le conflit syrien, Israël a mené des attaques contre des positions du régime syrien ou des convois d’armes présentés comme provenant d’Iran et destinés au groupe terroriste chiite libanais du Hezbollah qui soutient le président syrien Bashar el-Assad.

    EN SAVOIR PLUS SUR :
    Israël Inside Cabinet de sécurité Armée israélienne Députés de la Knesset Benjamin Netanyahu Avigdor Liberman Ministère de la Défense Commission des affaires étrangères et de la défense de la Knesset Avi Dichter Loi fondamentale Ehud Barak Mossad Agence de renseignements israéliens Benny Gantz Yaakov Amidror Likud Union sioniste Yesh Atid Omer Bar-Lev Ofer Shelah Institut israélien de la démocratie Haute Cour de justice Ayelet Shaked Gadi Eizenkot
    61
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  • Syria cooperation highlights progress in Egypt-Russia relations as hurdles remain | MadaMasr

    https://madamirror.appspot.com/www.madamasr.com/en/2018/05/01/feature/politics/syria-cooperation-highlights-progress-in-egypt-russia-relations-

    Phone calls between high-ranking Egyptian and Russian officials have brought the two countries into accord on the Syrian crisis, according to an Egyptian government source, in what is one of several breakthroughs on pending Cairo-Moscow diplomatic discussions.

    The government source, who is involved in Egyptian-Russian diplomatic relations, says communications between the two countries were at their peak prior to the mid-April joint airstrikes carried out by the United States, United Kingdom and France against government facilities in Syria. Talks centered on possible approaches to the conflict, to be taken in the event that the then-potential tripartite strikes were carried out, that would ensure that Islamist groups do not reap any political gains.

    Egyptian-Russian cooperation was and remains mainly an exchange of information aimed at curbing Saudi Arabian and Turkish-backed militias that were deployed to Syria to “overthrow” President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, according to the source, who spoke to Mada Masr on condition of anonymity.

    The alliance falls in line, the source adds, with Cairo’s position on the situation in Syria: Assad remaining in power is the best available option, despite Cairo’s reservations on certain aspects of the way he’s managed the conflict. Tellingly, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s speech the Arab League summit in Dhahran in mid-April was free of any condemnation of the Syrian regime’s use of chemical weapons in Eastern Ghouta — the stated reason for the tripartite airstrikes — as much as any endorsement of the strike.

  • Putin’s gambit could backfire

    For the first time since the beginning of the Russian intervention in Syria, Putin may find himself in direct confrontation with Israel

    Moshe Arens May 01, 2018

    Opinion - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-putin-s-gambit-could-backfire-1.6045735

    Vladimir Putin has shown himself to be quite astute in establishing a Russian presence in Syria. After waiting for the Americans to make it clear that they did not intend to get involved in the fighting there, he moved into the vacuum quickly and massively. He has established Russian naval and air bases and has provided military support to Syrian President Bashar Assad. Having saved Assad from defeat, Putin became Assad’s patron.
    Now Assad is indebted to Putin and relies on him for further military support, which includes Russian aircraft and missiles. The use of Russian mercenaries for fighting on the ground allows Putin to claim that no Russian ground forces are involved in the fighting and that the Russian military presence on the ground is limited to the Russian naval and air bases. The use of mercenaries is a ruse that was already used to cover the Russian involvement in Ukraine. Although quite transparent, it seems to be working. It has become part of the inventory of methods used to spread Russian influence beyond Russia’s borders. The world seems to be getting used to it.
    Whether to his satisfaction or not, Putin has become an ally of the Iranians, who are also supporting Assad through Hezbollah as well as with Iranian forces on the ground. They have all well situated themselves in Syria.
    On more than one occasion, Israel has made clear to Putin that it opposes the supplying of weapons to Hezbollah via Syria and that it is determined to keep Iranian forces from approaching Israel’s borders. Various arrangements have been made between Russia and Israel that are supposed to ensure the avoidance of conflict between Israeli aircraft operating over Syria and Russian aircraft. This seems to have worked so far.
    Now Putin is now considering supplying S-300 surface-to-air missiles to Assad, which would provide the Syrian president with the ability to engage Israeli aircraft attacking targets in Syria. This could bring about a dramatic change in the situation in Syria, and is liable to increase the prospect of a direct conflict between Russia and Israel. From Putin’s standpoint, this is a gamble whose outcome is hard to predict.


  • On May 3, Israel will announce a verdict in the trial of Palestinian poet Dareen Tatour, held in prison or under house arrest for 2.5 years for a poem & 2 FB posts. 100s of writers call for Dareen’s release #FreeDareenTatour
  • Toulouse mayor threatens to sack Jewish deputy who said ’too many Arabs’ in city | The Times of Israel
    https://www.timesofisrael.com/toulouse-mayor-threatens-to-sack-jewish-deputy-who-said-too-many-arab

    A Jewish deputy mayor in France has come under fire for saying there are “too many” Arabs in Toulouse, following a Times of Israel report on an interview he had with an Israeli radio station. The city’s mayor has threatened to take action against the deputy mayor, Aviv Zonabend, and even fire him, if a translator confirms he made the remark.

    Un conseiller municipal de Toulouse estime qu’il y a «trop d’Arabes», le maire ouvre une enquête - Le Parisien
    http://www.leparisien.fr/politique/un-conseiller-municipal-de-toulouse-estime-qu-il-y-a-trop-d-arabes-le-mai

    #racisme

  • MBS : les Palestiniens doivent accepter le « plan de paix » étasunien ou « la fermer »

    https://www.axios.com/saudi-crown-prince-tells-jewish-leaders-palestinians-should-take-what-they-ar

    In a closed-door meeting with heads of Jewish organizations in New York on March 27th, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman (MBS) gave harsh criticism of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), according to an Israeli foreign ministry cable sent by a diplomat from the Israeli consulate in New York, as well three sources — Israeli and American — who were briefed about the meeting.

    The bottom line of the crown prince’s criticism: Palestinian leadership needs to finally take the proposals it gets from the U.S. or stop complaining.

    According to my sources, the Saudi Crown Prince told the Jewish leaders:

    In the last several decades the Palestinian leadership has missed one opportunity after the other and rejected all the peace proposals it was given. It is about time the Palestinians take the proposals and agree to come to the negotiations table or shut up and stop complaining.
    — MBS

    MBS also made two other points on the Palestinian issue during the meeting:

    He made clear the Palestinian issue was not a top priority for the Saudi government or Saudi public opinion. MBS said Saudi Arabia “has much more urgent and important issues to deal with” like confronting Iran’s influence in the region.

    Regardless of all his criticism of the Palestinian leadership, MBS also made clear that in order for Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states to normalize relations with Israel there will have to be significant progress on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

    What we’re hearing: A source who was briefed on the meeting told me the attendees were stunned when they heard the Saudi Crown Prince comments on the Palestinian issue. “People literally fell off their chairs,” the source said.

    Why it matters: In the last year, the Trump administration has been drafting a plan for Israeli-Palestinian peace. The White House peace team, led by Trump’s senior adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner and special envoy Jason Greenblatt, has basically finished drafting the plan and is discussing how and when to launch it.

    Launching the plan will be difficult because of the Palestinians have been boycotting the White House since Trump’s December 6th Jerusalem announcement.

    In the last year, Kushner managed to get MBS on board in trying to move the peace process forward, and get the Arab world to urge the Palestinians to enter peace talks with Israel on the basis of the U.S. peace plan.

    #Arabie_saoudite #Palestine #Israel #dirigeants_arabes #indigents_arabes « #monde_arabe »

  • Rain of terror: Egypt to crack down on ’fake’ weather reports | World news | The Guardian

    Meteorological authority prepares draft law to ban unauthorised forecasts

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/apr/30/egypt-crackdown-fake-weather-reports-meteorological-association

    Donald Trump may routinely rail against the “fake news media”, but Egypt is going one better by cracking down on “fake” weather reports.

    The head of the Egyptian Meteorological Authority has said it is the only government body authorised to make predictions about the country’s weather, and is preparing a draft law to ban unauthorised forecasts.

    Ahmed Abdel-Al, the EMA chairman, said during a television interview that the bill seeks to punish anyone “talking about meteorology, or anyone using a weather forecasting device without our consent, or anyone who raises confusion about the weather”. The EMA is Egypt’s primary, if not sole, source of domestic information on the country’s weather patterns.

    Egypt’s media is under increasing pressure, with frequent accusations of fake news levelled at reporters and outlets, even those reporting in favour of the state. But false reports about the weather are rare, except perhaps for the annual repetition of doctored photos showing snow covering the pyramids and sphinx of Giza.

    Weather reports have occasionally become political, however, such as when Egypt’s interior ministry claimed in 2015 that flooding in the coastal city of Alexandria was caused not by infrastructural failings, but by members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood blocking drains with cement.

  • Anti-Zionist law - Haaretz Editorial - Israel News
    Knesset sought to make clear that the purpose of the nation-state law is to fundamentally change the balance between Israel as a Jewish state and a democratic one

    Haaretz Editorial Apr 30, 2018
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/anti-zionist-law-1.6035579

    Two weeks after the historic celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the state’s establishment, the Knesset is busy with another historic process. On Monday, it is expected to hold the first of three votes on the proposed Basic Law, which states that Israel is the nation-state of the Jewish people. The nation-state bill is meant to be the state’s identity card, equivalent to the preamble of a constitution, which defines its identity and values.
    One of the “compromises” of the committee that prepared the law for its first vote was the removal of the section that established the explicit supremacy of the nation-state law over all other laws. Also removed was a paragraph stating that the law’s purpose is “to enshrine in a Basic Law the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state in the spirit of the principles of the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel.”
    In other words, the Knesset sought to make clear that the purpose of the law is to fundamentally change the balance between Israel as a Jewish state and a democratic one, and to undermine the values of the Declaration of Independence, which promised a state that grants full equality to all its citizens. Apparently the combination of “Jewish and democratic” and the values of the Declaration of Independence have became inconceivable concepts — just like the words “equality” and “human rights,” which the Knesset refused to include in the law.

  • « La première Nation multiethnique qui autrement dit fonctionne vraiment »

    Israël par ailleurs "déplace" le mur de séparation pour ne pas gêner les Palestiniens, et "replante" les oliviers pour leur être agréable.

    Relevé dans le Point (par hasard) dans le bloc note d’un VRP. Même Meyer Habib n’aurait pas osé !

  • ‘Treachery isn’t a perspective’: Boycotting Israel in Lebanon | MadaMasr
    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/04/29/opinion/u/treachery-isnt-a-perspective-boycotting-israel-in-lebanon/?platform=hootsuite

    It is common for me to hear friends in Lebanon exchanging their experiences of meeting an Israeli for the first time. Many stories include feelings of shock, horror, anger and disgust.

    My first experience with an Israeli was during my teenage years in the 1990s. I was at Cairo International Airport, waiting for my flight back to Beirut, when two slightly older young men sat next to me on high bar stools for coffee. They spoke to me in English and I chatted with them. When one of them told me, “You’re beautiful, you look Israeli,” I realized they were Israelis. I shuddered, my mind froze, I felt a lump in my throat and, in that moment, I despised my vulnerability almost as much as I despise Israel.

    I yelled at them nonsensically. They told me that they had packed their belongings and left Palestine — their place of birth — because they reject the settler occupation upon which Israel is founded and have no desire to serve in its military forces. But I couldn’t keep listening to them; this very act of communication seeming akin to acceptance, defeat. A crime. My entire existence at this moment felt like a crime. For many years to come, I was ashamed of this treachery because they had sat next to me at that airport coffee bar, and I was only 15 years old.

    This is neither a healthy space for expressing hostility toward Israel, nor a healthy mode of being.

  • Hier, nous nous sommes rendus à la mairie, la partie libanaise de notre petite famille étant appelée à voter pour les élections au Liban. C’était donc la première fois que les expatriés pouvaient voter (et non pour des « députés de l’étranger », mais directement pour leur circonscription d’origine – notion elle-même problématique, mais bon…).

    Le sympathique Libanais qui nous a accueilli nous a dit que, sur 3000 ressortissants Libanais à #Montpellier, 160 s’étaient inscrits pour ce vote, et au moment où nous sommes passés en milieu d’après-midi, environ 60 avaient voté.

    Ça ne fait quand même pas des masses…

  • Henri Curiel ou le droit à la mémoire - Libération
    http://www.liberation.fr/debats/2018/04/29/henri-curiel-ou-le-droit-a-la-memoire_1646692

    L’exécution au colt 45 eut lieu, finalement, le 4 mai 1978, voici quarante ans. Elle avait été précédée par une campagne de diffamation menée par quelques niais utiles. La première fois qu’Henri Curiel risqua une mort prématurée, c’était à l’automne 1942 alors que l’Afrikakorps de Rommel arrivait aux portes du Caire avec le soutien d’officiers égyptiens qui lui étaient favorables (Anouar el-Sadate échappa de justesse au peloton d’exécution britannique). Henri Curiel avait pris le parti inverse. Sans doute la police l’arrêta-t-il par souci d’équilibre. Ses codétenus pronazis décidèrent de l’étrangler au lacet, vieille méthode ottomane. Il fut sauvé par la victoire d’El Alamein.

  • Palestinians must make peace or shut up, Saudi crown prince said to tell US Jews | The Times of Israel
    https://www.timesofisrael.com/palestinians-must-make-peace-or-shut-up-saudi-crown-prince-said-to-te

    At a meeting with Jewish leaders in New York last month, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman castigated the Palestinian leadership for rejecting opportunities for peace with Israel for decades, and said they should either start accepting peace proposals or “shut up.”

    Inutile de dire que cette ultime sortie du régent saoudien suscite beaucoup de commentaires dans la presse arabophone.

    #palestine

  • Before Europe: The Christian West in the Annals of Medieval Islam -
    https://marginalia.lareviewofbooks.org/before-europe

    This underscores König’s main critique of existing scholarship, dominated by what he calls the “paradigm of ignorance” and a common claim that until the age of European colonialism, Muslims were largely indifferent to or even ignorant of the western world. König’s painstaking inventory of the substantial data on the Latin West recorded in Arabic sources proves otherwise. While numerous scholars, including the distinguished Arabist George Makdisi, have reiterated the cliché about medieval Islamic apathy towards the West, the primary target of König’s criticism is the recently turned centenarian Bernard Lewis, whose works remain a staple of the popular press. Lewis’s first foray into this topic, an article on “The Muslim Discovery of Europe” (1957), was written at the height of the Cold War and postulated a “medieval iron curtain” between Islam and Christendom that restricted cultural exchange to a minimum. Expanding on this thesis, he published a book of the same title in 1982, reissued on the eve of 9/11, to be followed soon by What Went Wrong? Lewis argues in the original essay, and repeats verbatim twenty five years later in the book, that the medieval Islamic world’s relative economic, technological and intellectual superiority meant it “could afford to despise the barbarous and impoverished infidel in the cold and miserable lands of the north.” But it is religion that seems to provide a most basic explanatory force for Lewis, even to the point of accounting for Europeans’ allegedly greater cultural curiosity and interest in foreign languages: the Bible tied them to the Holy Land and therefore to the Semitic philology. Effectively, the implication went, if Muslims discovered Europe, it was only because Europeans discovered them first!

    To be sure, Lewis knows well how much the Arabs drew from the ancient Greek, Syriac, Persian, and Indian traditions, and he especially highlights the translation movement of the ninth and tenth centuries that witnessed a voluminous Islamic engagement with Hellenistic philosophy, the full significance of which for global intellectual history is still being detailed. Lewis mentions nothing, however, of the Sanskrit to Persian translations sponsored by the Mughals in early modern India, a subject of considerable attention recently in South Asian studies. Such blind spots, I suspect, explain his belief that after an initial openness, Islam became “impervious to external stimuli.” König’s research actually leads to an opposite contention, that later Arabic historians were generally better informed about Europe, thanks to the cumulative aggregation of sources by their predecessors. König acknowledges the erudition behind Lewis’s work and even agrees with it occasionally, stating for instance that “to an Arabic-Islamic world imbued with Greek science…the medieval Latin-Christian world still had little to offer.” But like many of Lewis’s critics including most famously Said, it is the overall narrative he popularized that König decries, and he lists a dozen recent scholars and commentators that still use it to tell a flawed story of civilizational difference: a self-centered, monochromatic Muslim world versus an inherently more open-minded West. Worse still, Lewis himself appears to have encouraged looking to the pre-modern past in order to understand Islamic worldviews today—as if Muslims can only ever see through medieval eyes.

  • Gaza
    Once again: Stop shooting
    – Haaretz Editorial - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/once-again-stop-shooting-1.6032762

    This Friday the “March of Return” demonstrators in the Gaza Strip will once again face off with Israel Defense Forces soldiers. But this Friday must not, for the fifth time in a row, become the last day in the lives of yet more desperate but unarmed young men who aren’t endangering anyone, or the day on which more and more young demonstrators become disabled for the rest of their lives.
    Whether this happens is in the hands of the IDF and its officers. This fifth Friday in the ongoing series of demonstrations must finally bring the cessation of the IDF’s use of potentially lethal fire at unarmed demonstrators. It must end without casualties.
    >> Hamas hijacked the Gaza protests ■ Killing of Gaza protesters undermines Israel’s claims of self-defense >>
    On Wednesday, the 40th victim of this shooting at demonstrators died of his wounds. The victim was press photographer Ahmed Abu Hussein, who was severely wounded in the stomach two weeks ago by a sniper’s bullet.
    Abu Hussein was one of only four casualties, including an 11-year-old boy who lost his leg, whom Israel allowed to be sent to a hospital in Ramallah. And even those four were allowed to be transferred only after a petition to the High Court of Justice. Of the 5,511 people who have so far been wounded in the demonstrations along the Gaza-Israel border fence, some 1,700 were wounded by live bullets.

    According to doctors in Gaza, the wounds during these demonstrations have been especially severe. Thousands of wounded is a frightening statistic considering that the demonstrators whom the army is confronting are unarmed and, as a rule, nonviolent. Given the collapse of Gaza’s health system, the fact that the defense establishment, on orders from Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, isn’t letting more of the casualties receive treatment in Ramallah or Israel adds insult to injury. Abu Hussein ultimately died in an Israeli hospital, after his condition deteriorated.

    The 40 people who have been killed in the demonstrations were all young, and two were children. Their deaths could have been avoided had restrictions been imposed on the IDF’s use of live fire against the protesters.
    The consistent, ongoing decline in the number of casualties from week to week isn’t only due to the decline in the number of demonstrators from week to week. It also attests to relative restraint in the conduct of IDF soldiers. But this isn’t enough. Starting on Friday, the IDF must set itself a clear goal – zero Palestinian casualties as long as they aren’t endangering anyone’s life.

  • La dualité du projet sioniste, par Gilbert Achcar (Le Monde diplomatique, février 2018)

    Théorisé par Theodor Herzl, le sionisme politique entendait obtenir la création d’un État pour le peuple juif en Palestine. S’il était motivé par les souffrances des communautés juives, notamment en Europe de l’Est, et par le regain d’antisémitisme dans l’ouest du vieux continent, ce mouvement relevait d’une logique colonialiste conforme au contexte européen de l’époque.

    https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/mav/157/ACHCAR/58306

    l n’est pas rare que les opprimés de l’histoire soient eux-mêmes oppresseurs. C’est le cas en particulier des mouvements de libération qui luttent contre le joug colonial tandis que leur propre nation, elle-même opprimée, s’en prend à une minorité, raciale, religieuse ou autre, dans son propre pays. Bien souvent, ces mouvements ferment les yeux sur cette oppression, quand ils ne la soutiennent pas ouvertement sous des prétextes divers, par exemple l’accusation portée contre la minorité en question de constituer une « cinquième colonne » du colonialisme. D’aucuns évoquent cette fréquente dualité dans l’intention de « normaliser » le sionisme, en le présentant comme un cas semblable à beaucoup d’autres somme toute, ce qui a pour effet de minimiser ses torts, voire de les excuser, afin qu’Israël soit traité comme un État « normal ». Or cet argument ne tient pas compte du caractère de la dualité propre au sionisme.

    Certes, le sionisme est incontestablement né en réaction à la longue oppression endurée par les minorités juives dans l’Europe chrétienne, du Moyen-Âge jusqu’au XIXe siècle. Il est notoire que, sous les pouvoirs se réclamant de la chrétienté, les Juifs ont subi des persécutions bien plus graves que la discrimination et les persécutions intermittentes qu’ils ont endurées sous les pouvoirs se réclamant de l’islam. Cependant, cette persécution a progressivement cessé en Europe occidentale à l’époque moderne, à la suite des Lumières et de la Révolution française de la fin du XVIIIe siècle, avec la diffusion de la notion de citoyenneté fondée sur l’égalité des droits. Grâce à la transformation démocratique, la condition des Juifs entre la côte atlantique et les frontières orientales de l’Allemagne et de l’Autriche actuelles s’est graduellement orientée vers l’intégration des Juifs dans les sociétés nationales et la fin des discriminations. Toutefois, avec la première grande crise qui a frappé l’économie capitaliste mondiale, la Grande Dépression du dernier quart du XIXe siècle (1873-1896), les tendances xénophobes ont été ravivées. Comme dans toute crise sociale, des groupes d’extrême droite se mirent en quête de boucs émissaires afin d’instrumentaliser le mécontentement populaire au service de leurs projets réactionnaires.

  • Assassinat d’Henri Curiel : vérités évidentes, justice empêchée
    Sylvie Braibant

    | Le Club de Mediapart
    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/sylvie-braibant/blog/240418/assassinat-d-henri-curiel-verites-evidentes-justice-empechee

    Il faisait chaud ce week-end de juin 1976. La sécheresse grignotait petit à petit toute la France. Paris était gagné par la torpeur. Dans la voiture de mon père, je m’étais à moitié endormie. Jusqu’à ce que je l’entende dire de sa voix douce « mais qu’est ce que c’est que ça ? ». Au feu rouge du croisement des boulevards Saint Michel et Saint Germain, il restait en arrêt devant un kiosque à journaux dont l’immense affiche apposée à son dos, proclamait fièrement le dernier scoop du Point : « Henri Curiel, le patron des réseaux d’aide aux terroristes ». Et de son ton toujours aussi calme, mais angoissé cette fois, il me dit : « Henri va être assassiné. »

    Deux ans et une nouvelle campagne de presse plus tard, toujours dans Le Point, puis le Speigel allemand, Henri était assassiné, une journée chaude encore, le 4 mai 1978, jeudi de l’ascension. Nous étions encore ensemble, dans la même voiture, la radio allumée, un flash nous annonça la nouvelle, et je me souviendrai toujours du visage soudain gris de mon père, lui qui manifestait si peu d’émotion.

    C’était en 1976, 1977, 1978, assassinats en Afrique du Sud – mise au ban des Nations Unies pour son régime d’apartheid -, assassinats en France, présidée par un homme moderne, ancien partisan de l’Algérie française. Des meurtres nombreux – des Algériens, des Palestiniens, des Basques -, parfois précédés d’articles de journaux comme ceux du Point, non signés, de faux scoops apportés sur un plateau d’’argent à Georges Suffert qui ne voyait rien de mal à l’apartheid ou aux dictatures d’Amérique latine, mais vomissait tout ceux qui se rapprochait de près ou de loin du communisme. Comme Henri Curiel. Plus tard, Georges Suffert reconnaîtra avoir été « un peu léger » sur ce coup là.

  • Cinq stratagèmes pour générer des revenus dans le monde arabe...

    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/cinq-stratagemes-pour-generer-des-revenus-dans-le-monde-arabe,2418

    La troisième place revient à une variante de la manœuvre « penser global, agir local ». Les petits pays doivent en effet être créatifs pour espérer générer des revenus conséquents. Des pays européens comme le Liechtenstein, le Luxembourg et même les Pays-Bas ont trouvé leur veine en tant que paradis fiscaux, mais ce genre d’opportunité reste limité dans des États fragiles ou autocratiques. Djibouti a mis au point une nouvelle façon d’aborder le problème. Bien que manquant de terres arables, le pays dispose d’un littoral sablonneux le long du très fréquenté golfe d’Aden. Celui-ci se situe également à deux pas des conflits au Yémen, en Somalie et au Soudan du Sud. Djibouti a ainsi su capitaliser sur cet emplacement en louant des terres à des armées étrangères. Il accueille aujourd’hui des bases militaires de la France, de l’Italie, du Japon, de l’Arabie saoudite, des États-Unis et de la Chine. Ne voulant pas être en reste, l’Inde, la Russie et la Turquie semblent également intéressées. Les bases les plus chères rapporteraient, selon les rumeurs, dans les 20 à 100 millions de dollars (16,3 à 82 millions d’euros) par an. L’ensemble de ces sommes pourrait bien générer la moitié des recettes annuelles du gouvernement. Une seconde alternative pour les pays plus grands consiste à devenir un allié militaire privilégié des États-Unis — pensons au Pakistan, à Israël ou à l’Égypte — ce qui leur garantit des milliards en aide militaire directe, quelle que soit la qualité de leur gouvernance.

  • A Saudi-Iranian Dialogue on Regional Security – LobeLog
    https://lobelog.com/a-saudi-iranian-dialogue-on-regional-security

    by Turki al Faisal and Hossein Mousavian

    With tensions between regional rivals Iran and Saudi Arabia at the brink, a rare dialogue recently took place between two former senior Saudi and Iranian officials. Hosted by the Center for Strategic Studies at the Joint Special Operations University in Tampa, Florida, former Saudi Ambassador to the United States and Director General of Saudi Arabia’s intelligence agency Prince Turki al Faisal debated Ambassador Hossein Mousavian, a former spokesman for Iran’s nuclear negotiators and chairman of the foreign policy committee of Iran’s National Security Council. The lively discussion touched on each country’s view of its security environment and the broader issues affecting the Iran-Saudi relationship. LobeLog has obtained the full transcript of the conversation, and the following is an abbreviated excerpt covering the key points.

  • OrientXXI Antisémitisme : trois questions à Dominique Vidal

    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/antisemitisme-trois-questions-a-dominique-vidal,2423

    « Je le dis comme je le pense, un certain nombre de signataires de ce texte, avec cet texte, sont des fourriers de l’antisémitisme en France. » Le journaliste et historien Dominique Vidal réagit au « Manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme » publié le 22 avril par le journal Le Parisien et signé par 300 personnalités politiques, dont un ancien président de la République, trois ex-premiers ministres, des élu.e.s, des intellectuel.les,des artistes...
    Y a-t-il une montée de l’antisémitisme en France ? Faut-il réécrire le Coran ? Critiquer Israël, est-ce antisémite ?

  • L’islamophobie ne sera jamais une réponse à l’antisémitisme
    Par Marwan Muhammad
    | Le Club de Mediapart

    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/marwan-muhammad/blog/230418/lislamophobie-ne-sera-jamais-une-reponse-lantisemitisme

    Il n’y a pas « d’antisémitisme musulman », tout comme il n’y a pas « d’islamophobie juive ». Il y a par contre des comportements et des actes antisémites, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des musulmans. Et il y a des comportements et des actes islamophobes, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des juifs...

    Il y a des moments où la haine est nue. Où elle ne prend même plus la précaution de la nuance sémantique pour se déverser. Où ceux qui la portent, ivres de leurs privilèges comme de l’impunité de leur parole, se livrent en public à ce qu’un bienveillant clinicien qualifierait de thérapie de groupe et que des historiens auront un jour la responsabilité de nommer précisément pour ce que c’est :

    L’expression politique d’un racisme totalement assumé.

    Le temps que nous traversons est de ceux-là et le « manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme » paru ce dimanche, rassemblant plus de 300 signatures de personnalités, où il est question « d’épuration ethnique » des Juifs et « d’obsolescence » de versets du Coran, en est une bien coupable culmination.

    Puisqu’il n’est apparemment plus question d’avoir un débat rationnel dans ce moment de rapports de force, de désaveux, de clivages et de confrontations, qu’il nous soit tout de même permis de faire quelques remarques et rappels d’évidences pour des historiens qui, pour leur salut, n’ont pas encore l’âge de lire ces lignes, avec l’espoir de les voir un jour rire avec tendresse de ces parents dont l’amnésie (souvent) consentie ne les empêchait pas de crier « plus jamais ça ».

    1) Il n’y a pas « d’antisémitisme musulman », tout comme il n’y a pas « d’islamophobie juive ». Il y a par contre des comportements et des actes antisémites, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des musulmans. Et il y a des comportements et des actes islamophobes, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des juifs. Je parle ici des deux groupes que l’on cherche à antagoniser, mais cela est valable quelle que soit l’appartenance. C’est une considération strictement statistique et non un déterminisme causal ou prédictif. L’ensemble des travaux universitaires et des études de terrain confirme cela avec constance. Il n’y a rien dans l’appartenance musulmane qui conditionne et prédestine une personne à des comportements d’intolérance, d’exclusion ou de violence envers des juifs (ou toute autre personne), tout comme il n’y a rien dans l’appartenance juive (ou toute autre appartenance) qui conditionne automatiquement les personnes à la violence, à la colonisation ou au rejet de l’autre. Il est confondant de devoir le rappeler (notamment à quelques philosophes) mais les êtres humains étant doués de raison et du libre arbitre, leurs comportements, leurs déclarations et les idées qu’ils propagent relèvent de leur responsabilité individuelle. Pas de celle des millions (ou milliards) de personnes qui auraient l’heur de partager, par ailleurs, leur religion ou leur couleur de peau. Il n’y a pas de déterminisme ethnoculturel ni religieux des comportements fautifs. Les faits sont têtus et les mensonges que contient ce manifeste, même répétés 300 fois, ne deviendront pas pour autant une vérité.