The Militias in Iraq, From Popular Mobilization to Political Interference
Araz Muhamad Arash, Sylvain Mercadier, 6 February
The Popular Mobilization Units or Hashd al-Shaabi, formed in 2014 following a fatwa by grand ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, played a major role in countering the expansion of the Islamic State in Iraq. As the Islamic State was officially defeated last December, the future of the PMU is subject to (...)
Meral Akşener, a Woman against Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
A Reformer or a Turkish Marine Le Pen?
Matthieu Eynaudi, Max-Valentin Robert, November 2017
On 25 October 2017, Meral Akşener founded a new group, “The Good Party” (Iyi Parti). The former Minister of Home Affairs is often compared with Marine Le Pen and might be seen as an alternative to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, capable of appealing to voters beyond the nationalist electorate in the 2019 (...)
A Fatah-Hamas Agreement in the Shadow of Egypt
Leïla Seurat, Mohamed Younis, October 2017
Does the rapprochement between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority, drafted under the watchful eye of Egypt, have a better chance of uniting the Palestinian people than the previous attempts? This time, many factors militate in favor of a compromise, but there are still pitfalls ahead.
A Macron Tale: The Story of a Perfect Champs Elysees Recipe
Jean-Bernard Beauregard, June 2017
Part I: A long, vain introduction
Let me start with a vain introduction.
I am French.
Worse, I belong to the Parisian middle-class.
After needing 10 years to realize human life is theoretically possible outside of Paris and 10 more to realize it actually exists, I left Paris, and have lived (...)
Algeria Is Losing Ground in Africa
A laborious updating
Lakhdar Benchiba, March 2017
On January 30, 2017, a majority of African countries voted to allow Morocco back into the African Union despite Algerian (and South African) opposition over the question of Western Sahara. The diplomatic ties which Algeria owed to the prestige of its war of independence are gradually distending (...)