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  • Tensions régionales, répercussions au Liban - Scarlett HADDAD - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1053001/tensions-regionales-repercussions-au-liban.html

    Presque au même moment où le président américain Donald Trump s’entretenait à Riyad avec le roi de Bahreïn, un tribunal dans ce pays émettait son verdict dans le procès du cheikh Issa Qassem, la plus haute autorité religieuse chiite du royaume. Ce verdict était sans cesse reporté depuis près d’un an, en raison notamment des sit-in populaires organisés par la communauté chiite, majoritaire dans le pays, autour du domicile du cheikh. Le cheikh Issa Qassem a donc été finalement condamné à un an de prison avec sursis alors que ses biens financiers et immobiliers ont été confisqués. Même s’il est possible que les deux développements ne soient pas liés, les milieux proches du Hezbollah ont immédiatement fait le lien entre eux, surtout dans le cadre des déclarations successives faites à partir de Riyad par le ministre saoudien des Affaires étrangères et le département d’État américain sur le fait que cette formation serait « l’une des plus importantes organisations terroristes créées par l’Iran ».

    Ce jugement du tribunal de Bahreïn intervient aussi au lendemain d’une décision américaine d’inclure le chef du bureau exécutif du Hezbollah, Hachem Safieddine, sur la première liste américano-saoudienne de « désignation terroriste ». La décision, qui implique des sanctions économiques, est d’ailleurs essentiellement symbolique, car il y a bien peu de chances que le responsable chiite ait des comptes ou des intérêts économiques et financiers aux États-Unis. Les milieux proches du Hezbollah mettent donc ensemble ces indices et aboutissent à la conclusion suivante : l’administration américaine et les dirigeants saoudiens préparent une action d’envergure contre l’Iran et ses alliés, en Syrie et ailleurs. La condamnation de Issa Qassem serait dans ce cadre un premier test pour mesurer la réaction des chiites du royaume de Bahreïn et celle de leurs alliés, les Iraniens et le Hezbollah. Elle exprime aussi une volonté claire de défier les chiites dans le monde arabe, en les considérant directement comme des suppôts de l’Iran, sans plus craindre d’envenimer le climat de discorde confessionnelle.

  • « Ni l’Iran ni le Hezbollah n’ont intérêt à voir le Liban déstabilisé » - Suzanne BAAKLINI - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1052999/-ni-liran-ni-le-hezbollah-nont-interet-a-voir-le-liban-destabilise-.h

    De nouvelles sanctions contre l’Iran sont parfaitement possibles et il n’est pas étonnant que l’administration américaine actuelle les envisage. Mais il est désormais clair que Donald Trump ne peut pas annuler l’accord sur le nucléaire, bien qu’il puisse le freiner. On en voit souvent des signes, comme l’hésitation de compagnies européennes à collaborer avec l’Iran en vertu de cet accord, par exemple.
    Pour ce qui est d’éventuelles sanctions contre le Hezbollah, je ne crois pas qu’elles s’avéreront très efficaces. À titre d’exemple, le président du conseil exécutif du Hezbollah Hachem Safieddine a été placé sur la liste des personnalités terroristes aux États-Unis, mais l’impact sur lui sera très limité en réalité.

    Une réaction iranienne qui aurait des répercussions sur la stabilité du Liban est-elle à craindre ?

    Je ne crois pas du tout que le problème se pose en ces termes. Des événements régionaux plus graves n’ont pas mis la stabilité du Liban en danger. D’ailleurs ni l’Iran ni le Hezbollah n’ont un quelconque intérêt à voir ce pays se déstabiliser.

  • Egypt Behind the curtains of the Foreign Ministry: Security apparatuses play for control | MadaMasr
    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2017/05/22/feature/politics/backstage-at-the-foreign-ministry-security-apparatuses-play-for-control

    Five Egyptian diplomats were informed by the Foreign Ministry in early May of a presidential decree to transfer them to agriculture and development government entities outside the ministry.

    Two plenipotentiary ministers, two first secretaries and another secretary suddenly found themselves in new surroundings.

    The decree’s force is in line with the diplomatic service law, which grants the president the power to reassign diplomats to other positions in national administrative bodies if such a move would fulfill some public interest, according to one of the diplomats affected by decision who spoke to Mada Masr on condition of anonymity.

    However, none of the diplomats was told why he had been transferred or what public interest his marginalization in the diplomatic class might serve. Unable to formally challenge the decree, the only recourse they could have would be to request retirement, an unlikely choice given their age range: 20 to 45.

    The five diplomats are not the first to be transferred from their diplomatic positions. Rather, they are part of a larger arc in which 40 diplomats have been reassigned in the last two years under pressure from Egypt’s security apparatuses, another diplomat who has been affected by the practice tells Mada Masr on the condition of anonymity. The reasons for their reassignment vary, the diplomat says: implicit accusations of being sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood, the April 6 Youth Movement or the January 25 revolution; their rejection of the political changes that followed the ouster of former President Mohamed Morsi in 2013; as much as their failure to advocate for these changes through their diplomacy work.

  • As Trump prepared for Riyadh visit, Saudis blocked U.S. on terrorist sanctions - The Washington Post

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/as-trump-prepared-for-riyadh-visit-saudis-blocked-us-on-terrorist-sanctions/2017/05/19/3a91eedc-3cd4-11e7-a058-ddbb23c75d82_story.html?hpid=hp_hp-top-table

    By Joby Warrick May 20 at 3:42 PM
    Saudi Arabia, the oil-rich kingdom touted by President Trump as a key ally in the fight against the Islamic State, has helped block a Trump administration proposal to impose sanctions against a Saudi branch of the terrorist group, documents show.

    The plan to add the Islamic State’s Saudi affiliate to a U.N. list of terrorist groups was quietly killed two weeks ago in a bureaucratic maneuver at the U.N. Security Council, records show. U.S. officials familiar with the move said the Saudis objected to the public acknowledgment of the existence of a separate Saudi offshoot of the terrorist group inside the kingdom.

    [Read the letters blocking the U.N. proposal to add ISIS in Saudi Arabia to the terror list]

    “They don’t want to admit they have an issue in their back yard,” said a U.S official familiar with the events, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive diplomacy.

    The news of the maneuver comes as Saudi Arabia hosts Trump in Riyadh in his first visit to a foreign capital since becoming president. U.S. and Saudi officials are expected to use the visit to underscore close cooperation between the two countries in battling Islamist extremist groups. Riyadh has contributed money, arms and fighter jets to the international coalition fighting the Islamic State in Syria.

    #OEI #ArabieSaoudite #Etats-Unis

  • Life and death of the knowledge industry, Peter Harling

    Une réflexion approfondie sur la crise de l’industrie du savoir et pourquoi il devient de plus en plus difficile de produire des analyses de qualité. Et les responsabilités sont partagées, y compris celles du public (avec une référence à OrientXXI)

    – Synaps open-source
    https://peterharling.blog/2017/05/17/the-quality-conundrum

    The quality conundrum

    WHOM TO TRUST for food for thought? In a confusing world, we are left to opt for one dominant pattern of behavior or the other: to lock ourselves into a bubble, where increasingly prolific media churn out large quantities of whatever material we want to ingest, to fit our interests or emotions; or to drift in limbo, bouncing off such comfort zones in search of bits and pieces of palatable knowledge more suited to a discerning diet. You feast on sweet corroboration, or scavenge for smidgens of reason.
    There is another, more practical way of putting the question: “why is it so hard to access high-quality intellectual content that meets our desire for making sense of troubling trends and events?” Indeed, it has become paradoxically difficult to do so, at a time when cognitive needs, analytic talent, archival references, knowledge-producing institutions, communication tools, and publication platforms are all in abundance. On the face of it, humankind has never been so well-equipped to decipher and rationalize the world, and yet wisdom appears as elusive as ever. Leaving aside the existential interrogations this may raise, there are prosaic explanations for our ongoing failure to obtain content as meaningful as we would hope, and possible remedies too.

  • Lebanon economy
    Abracada... broke
    http://www.synaps.network/abracada-broke

    The most explosive thing to keep an eye on in Lebanon is also what no one wants to think about seriously. Indeed, it is not terrorism, Syrian refugees, or the latest ostentatious squabble among the country’s political factions. If anything can genuinely threaten the country’s hard-earned and stubborn stability—it’s the economy, stupid. What solutions are currently discussed or implemented promise at best to postpone a severe, structural crisis. Most stakeholders view this prospect as sufficient, as the country’s economy has for decades been living on borrowed time. But that is the critical mistake they should want to avoid: a much flaunted “resilience” has become part of the problem, allowing for all sorts of anomalies to stack up, relentlessly bringing the system closer to breaking point.
    The price of a sack of Lebanese flatbreads was fixed at 1500 LBP in 1997, but its weight went from 1,5kg to 900g today
    Anecdotal signs of economic stress are multiplying. In 2016, a dangerous slowdown in foreign currency inflow forced the central bank—Banque du Liban or BdL—to intervene by making the kind of offer big money couldn’t refuse: a 20% kickback on US dollars deposited for as little as one year. Sustaining an overpriced real-estate market has also required legislative and financial stimuli orchestrated by BdL. In the absence of reliable figures, the IMF guesstimates growth at less than 1%. A decline of the insurance sector attests to slowing business across the board. Shop fronts have been putting up signs for rent or sale all over Beirut. At the bottom of the chain, taxi drivers jump on the first occasion to complain of ever longer hours to make ends meet.

  • « Alger, la Mecque des révolutionnaires (1954-1962) » documentaire @ARTEfr http://www.arte.tv/fr/videos/055150-000-A/alger-la-mecque-des-revolutionnaires-1962-

  • Actualisation de la situation des prisonniers politique palestiniens au 17 Mai 2017 | Agence Media Palestine
    17 Mai 2017, 31 ème jour de grève des prisonniers palestiniens.
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2017/05/17/actualisation-de-la-situation-des-prisonniers-palestiniens-au-1
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/413742C-300x200.jpg

    L’avocat d’Addameer (association des Droits de l’Homme et de défense des prisonniers palestiniens) Farah Bayadsi, a rencontré Ahmad Sa’adat, gréviste et secrétaire général du Front Populaire pour la Libération de la Palestine (PFLP). L’avocat d’Addameer s’est déjà vu refusé le droit de visite, mais a reçu l’approbation suite à une requête de la Haute Cour présentée le 10 mai 2017.

    Sada’at a informé l’avocat d’Addameer que les prisonniers sont soumis à deux raids de recherche violents tous les jours, au cours desquels les prisonniers sont forcés de quitter leur chambre, ce qui est épuisant physiquement pour les prisonniers en raison de leur état de santé. Il a également ajouté que 10 prisonniers sont détenus dans une cellule exiguë avec un évier et un toilette, pas de ventilateur ni de climatisation et chaque prisonniers reçoit 3 couvertures. Il a précisé par ailleurs que les examens médicaux effectués par l’IPS (Israel Prison Service) ne sont pas suffisants, car seule la pression sanguine et le poids des grévistes de la faim sont examinés.

    L’IPS impose des restrictions aux prisonniers grévistes, y compris une amende disciplinaire de 200 NIS (équivalent à 50 euros environ), l’interdiction de visite familiale pendant deux mois, l’interdiction d’accès à la « cantine » (boutique où les prisonniers peuvent acheter des produits de la vie courante, tel que des cigarettes) et la saisie de sel ainsi que de tous les vêtements, uniquement un seul vêtement par prisonnier est autorisé.

    Plus inquiétant encore : l’IPS a rendu extrêmement difficile pour les médecins indépendants de rendre visite aux prisonniers grévistes et a fourni aux prisonniers des tasses en plastique afin de boire du robinet plutôt que de l’eau potable, habituellement fournie.

    35 autres prisonniers politiques palestiniens se sont joint à la grève dimanche 14 mai, a rapporté le média « Asra Voice ».

    (...) Sa’adat a également noté que les prisonniers en grève avaient refusé de rencontrer des délégués du Comité International de la Croix-Rouge (CICR), qui sont venus pour leur visite, parce que les délégués du CICR ont refusé d’entrer dans les sections et les salles des prisonniers afin de voir par eux-mêmes les conditions de détention.

    Les prisonniers en grève de la faim ont donc rejetés cette « proposition » du CICR et ont demandés au CICR de prendre ses responsabilités dans la protection des détenus et de leurs droits. (...)

  • The Jerusalem obsession - Opinion -

    Of all of Israel’s whims, this is the craziest of all. A country trying look secular, Western and modern is going nuts over a wall

    Gideon Levy May 18, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.789919

    The sky has fallen. America is stuttering about the Western Wall. Where is it located? Whom does it belong to? It’s the end of the world, the Zionist enterprise is finished. It’s a good thing we have a Habayit Hayehudi representative in the United Nations (in the guise of the American ambassador), Nikki Haley. She hastened on Tuesday to prevent another emotional holocaust by stating that in her personal opinion, the Kotel is ours. What a relief! The Temple Mount is (again) in our hands.
    Of all of Israel’s whims, this is the craziest of all. A country trying look secular, Western and modern is going nuts over a wall. It’s a fetish. You can live with it, of course, but like any obsession it can drive you insane.
    But the obsession with the Kotel is part of a wider syndrome, the Jerusalem obsession. There’s no more divided city than united Jerusalem, and we’ve devised no greater self-deception than thinking there can be a solution without justice in Jerusalem. You can of course love Jerusalem, which was a lovely city until its last occupation, with an amazing history and holy places. You can pray toward it a dozen times a day, to a city that Jews lived in for generations and also longed for. It is truly an exciting and recommended tourist destination, just check out TripAdvisor.
    But a country that wakes up in terror because some American official avoided saying that the Kotel is part of Israel, proves not only that its discourse is delusional, but that it isn’t at all sure that the Kotel really belongs to it, and how uncertain it is about its borders, sovereignty and justness. When it comes to talking about Jerusalem, it loses its moorings; when it comes to the Kotel, it loses consciousness. In both instances we’re talking about detachment from reality.

    #Israël #Jérusalem

  • Secousses islamistes en #Indonésie, par Marie Beyer & Martine @Bulard (Les blogs du Diplo, 17 mai 2017)
    https://blog.mondediplo.net/2017-05-17-Secousses-islamiques-en-Indonesie #st
    https://blog.mondediplo.net/IMG/arton1862.jpg

    Djakarta, 9 mai 2017. « Coupable de blasphème ». Le gouverneur de Djakarta, M. Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, couramment appelé Ahok, a été condamné à deux ans de prison ferme pour ce délit, bien inscrit à la Constitution mais très contesté au sein d’une Indonésie qui se veut séculaire. Pas de tergiversations, le gouverneur est emmené vers la prison de Cipinang, à l’est de la capitale, dès sa sortie du tribunal. Les images d’#Ahok en chemise batik bleue (de tradition indonésienne) montant dans le fourgon de police le bras levé, affichant de ses doigts le signe de paix, renforcent la sidération des progressistes indonésiens. Nul ne s’attendait à un tel dénouement. Le procureur lui-même n’avait requis qu’un an de prison avec sursis. La veille, plusieurs de nos interlocuteurs nous mettaient en garde contre les fondamentalistes religieux, réunis devant la Cour de Djakarta nord pour réaffirmer leurs menaces de « chaos » si le tribunal se montrait trop clément. Il faut dire qu’ils ont déjà montré un certain savoir-faire en la matière… Mais à l’annonce du verdict, ce mardi, ils laissent éclater leur joie, même si quelques-uns auraient souhaité une condamnation plus longue — la loi prévoit jusqu’à cinq ans d’emprisonnement.

    http://zinc.mondediplo.net/messages/65710 via Le Monde diplomatique

  • Tillerson: Trump considering impact of U.S. embassy move on peace process -

    In first, the U.S. secretary of state publicly admits that the embassy move is being weighed as part of the larger effort to reach an Israeli-Palestinian agreement

    Amir Tibon and Barak Ravid May 14, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.789140

    U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Sunday that while President Donald Trump still hasn’t made a decision on whether or not he will move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, an important part of his deliberations is how such a move would impact the Trump administration’s efforts to reach an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal.
    Speaking on NBC’s “Meet the Press,” Tillerson explained that “the president, I think rightly, has taken a very deliberative approach to understanding the issue itself, listening to input from all interested parties in the region, and understanding, in the context of a peace initiative, what impact would such a move have.”
    This is the first time that a senior figure in the Trump administration has admitted publicly that the embassy move, a promise Trump made during the election campaign, is being weighed as part of the larger effort to reach a peace agreement. Tillerson added further that Trump was “being very careful to understand how such a decision would impact a peace process.” In recent weeks, press reports in Israel indicated that the Trump administration was not planning to move the embassy.
    Tillerson also said that the president wants to understand “whether Israel views it as being helpful to a peace initiative or perhaps as a distraction,” hinting at possible disagreements on the issue within the Israeli government. The Israeli security establishment and the army have warned in the past that moving the embassy could lead to increased violence on the ground in Jerusalem and the West Bank.

    #Israël #Jérusalem #Etats-Unis

  • Let FIFA bring peace
    The powerful and impartial world soccer association might be just the right body to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Too bad its president balked

    Assaf Gavron May 14, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.788937

    It’s a pity FIFA backtracked on its intent to vote on the suspension of Israel for violating a clause in the constitution of the world soccer association. The succumbing of FIFA president Gianni Infantino to pressure exerted by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a half-hour phone conversation last Friday, as reported by Netanyahu’s bureau, was both cowardly and embarrassing.
    Israel is violating a clear-cut clause, which is simple and logical. Article 72.2 in FIFA’s statutes prohibits a member state from establishing a soccer team in the territory of another state which is a FIFA member. It cannot include such a team in its soccer leagues without the consent of the other state. The lower Israeli leagues have six teams from settlements in the West Bank. The West Bank is not recognized as part of Israel, not even by Israel itself. However, Palestine has been a FIFA member since 1998.
    According to some reports, Netanyahu told Infantino that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been around for a long time and that FIFA would not be the one to resolve it. But, actually, why not? Or at least, why can’t it try to? If Netanyahu and his predecessors haven’t managed to do so in all their attempts over the years – Netanyahu still claims that he’s trying — why can’t someone else be given the chance to try something different?
    FIFA is an international organization with immense power. Its power stems from soccer’s great popularity, which is translated into big moneyand widespread influence. Understandably, an organization such as FIFA can get mired in internal power struggles and corruption, which has set in over the years. But in the Israeli-Palestinian context the advantage of FIFA is that it is impartial with regard to inter-state politics. Israel cannot accuse it of political bias or anti-Semitism. This is an organization that deals with soccer tournaments.

    #Israël #FIFA @Football

  • The People vs. Haaretz - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/11/opinion/the-people-vs-haaretz.html?_r=0

    Un violent article contre Haaretz, qui s’inscrit dans la campagne du gouvernement israélien de museler les médias, comme il le fait avec la première chaîne de télévision

    TEL AVIV — Haaretz is an Israeli newspaper. Admired by many foreigners and few Israelis, loathed by many, mostly Israelis. Read by few, denounced by many, it is a highly ideological, high-quality paper. It has a history of excellence. It has a history of independence. It has a history of counting Israel’s mistakes and misbehavior. It has a history of getting on Israel’s nerves.

    Still, it is just a newspaper. The story of the people vs. Haaretz — that is, of a great number of Israelis’ growing dislike for the paper — is worth telling only because it tells us something about Israel itself: that the country’s far left is evolving from a political position into a mental state and that the right-wing majority has not yet evolved into being a mature, self-confident public.

    Consider an incident from mid-April. Haaretz published an op-ed by one of its columnists. It made a less-than-convincing argument that religious Zionist Israelis are more dangerous to Israel than Hezbollah terrorists. And yet, the response was overwhelming. The prime minister, defense minister, education minister and justice minister all denounced the article and the newspaper. The president condemned the article, too. The leader of the centrist party Yesh Atid called the op-ed “anti-Semitic.” Leaders of the left-of-center Labor Party called it hateful. The country was almost unified in condemnation.

    Of course, not completely unified. On the far left, a few voices supported the article and the newspaper. Some argued that the article was substantively valid. Others argued that whether the article was substantive or not, the onslaught on Haaretz is a cynical ploy to shake another pillar of the left — maybe its most visible remaining pillar.

    If there is such ploy, it doesn’t seem to be working. Last week, on the eve of Israel’s Memorial Day, a day of somber reflection, Haaretz was at it again. One article by a leading columnist explained that he could no longer fly the Israeli flag. Another seemed to be calling for a civil war. These are not exceptions; they are the rule for a newspaper that in recent years has come to rely on provocation.

    #Israël #libertés #médias

  • Le retrait des combattants du Hezbollah, « un signe de confiance » - Scarlett HADDAD - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1051540/le-retrait-des-combattants-du-hezbollah-un-signe-de-confiance-.html

    Le second point qui a été repris dans le discours de Hassan Nasrallah, c’est son annonce de la fin de la mission de « la résistance » le long de la frontière avec la Syrie et la décision de retirer ses combattants de cette zone et de remettre les positions du Hezb à l’armée libanaise. Pour les alliés du Hezbollah, cette annonce spectaculaire est une initiative positive. Elle exprime d’une part la « confiance » du parti dans l’armée libanaise, « qui est en mesure d’assumer la responsabilité du contrôle de la frontière avec la Syrie », et d’autre part, elle vise à retirer aux détracteurs du Hezbollah un sujet de polémique, à savoir la présence du parti aux côtés de l’armée, dans cette zone particulièrement à hauts risques.

    Dans son discours, Hassan Nasrallah a déclaré que ses hommes « ont accompli la mission qui leur était confiée, puisque la frontière est devenue sûre dans sa plus grande partie et leur présence n’a plus de raison d’être. Aujourd’hui, la protection de cette frontière relève de la responsabilité de l’État que nous ne voulons pas remplacer ». M. Nasrallah cherche ainsi à démentir toutes les allégations sur la volonté de son parti de prendre la place de l’État dans ses fiefs populaires, tout en balayant les accusations qui lui ont été lancées de vouloir provoquer un changement démographique dans la Békaa-Nord, en cherchant à provoquer le départ des chrétiens et des sunnites pour les remplacer par des chiites. Au passage, il a rappelé que lorsque les hommes du Hezbollah se sont déployés le long de la frontière pour la protéger d’éventuelles incursions des combattants de Daech et de Nosra, ils n’ont pas fait une sélection confessionnelle des villages à défendre, se déployant « là où ils devaient le faire pour protéger le pays dans son ensemble ».

  • What’s keeping Syria’s Palestinian refugees from returning to camps?
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/05/syria-palestinian-refugee-camps-return-clashes.html

    Khaled Abdul-Majid, secretary of the Palestinian Revolution Factions Alliance in Syria, told Al-Monitor no one has returned yet because militants remaining in southern Damascus and nearby areas could infiltrate the camp again.

    Abdul-Majid said negotiations are underway to remedy the situation. Meanwhile, the residents remain in the nearby town of Sahnaya on the outskirts of Damascus in shelters provided by the Syrian government and the UNRWA.

    “We have established contact with the concerned state authorities to accelerate the process and have people immediately return,” he added.

    However, Ayman Abu Hashim, general coordinator of the Free Palestinian Syrian Assembly, told Al-Monitor, “The regime forces controlling the Sabina refugee camp are the ones obstructing the return of refugees.”

    “Families might return to the camp, but the regime forces are failing to take any serious steps in this regard,” Abu Hashim added.

    As the Sabina camp awaits the return of its residents, Palestinian families have started to move in and out of the Khan al-Shih refugee camp southwest of Damascus, which had a population estimated at more than 19,000 in 2011, per the latest UNRWA statistics.

    Ahmed al-Majdalani, envoy to Syria for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and a member of the PLO’s Executive Committee, told Al-Monitor that Khan al-Shih, unlike the Sabina camp, had not been fully deserted. The Syrian government reached an agreement back in November with the gunmen, who gradually left the camp heading toward Idlib and Daraa. Majdalani said forces of the PLO-affiliated Palestine Liberation Army and Syrian army are working on logistic arrangements aimed at restoring normal life there.

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/05/syria-palestinian-refugee-camps-return-clashes.html#ixzz4gwziLt00

  • Are Hezbollah, Israel heading for a third war?
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/05/lebanon-hezbollah-israel-war-iran-us.html

    Yet the most important development in Hezbollah’s military capability is the unprecedented opportunity that came with its participation in the Syrian war. It now has the ability to train thousands of its fighters, who are rubbing shoulders with Syrian, Iranian and Russian elite special forces, while also developing its telecommunications, logistics, and command and control capabilities to handle a situation where hundreds of its fighters can fight nonstop for weeks and months in a vast, hostile environment. This is a huge leap from 2006, when Hezbollah only deployed independent small fire teams and squads in defensive fortified positions, in a friendly environment, while awaiting the advance of Israeli infantry and armor units.

    Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah’s threat in 2011 to invade northern Israel is no longer so far-fetched, neither are his threats to hit the nuclear facility in Dimona. Israel takes these threats very seriously, hence the fortification works along the Blue Line. Hezbollah’s plan is simple and bold: Saturate Israel’s multi-layered air defense with hundreds of rockets and missiles while its fighters go on the offensive across the Blue Line — and perhaps even the Golan Heights.

    According to sources familiar with Hezbollah, “A wider front will force Israel to spread out thinner, so now having the front expanded from Naqoura on the sea all the way to the end of the Golan Heights will prove to be more difficult for Israel in the event of a war.”

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/05/lebanon-hezbollah-israel-war-iran-us.html#ixzz4gwyhSx85

  • A l’initiative des communistes, du bloc de gauche et des verts, le parlement portugais vote une motion de soutien aux prisonniers palestiniens en grève de la faim.

    A quelques exceptions près,les médias français pensent à autre chose.

    البرلمان البرتغالي يصوّت على قرار يدعم إضراب الأسرى الفلسطينيين - RT Arabic
    https://arabic.rt.com/middle_east/878128-البرلمان-البرتغالي-يصوت-لدعم-إضراب-الأسرى-الفلسطينيين

    البرلمان البرتغالي يصوّت على قرار يدعم إضراب الأسرى الفلسطينيين

  • Israël-Palestine, une histoire française (1967-2017)
    Alain Gresh > Hélène Aldeguer > 10 mai 2017
    http://orientxxi.info/lu-vu-entendu/israel-palestine-une-histoire-francaise-1967-2017,1840
    http://orientxxi.info/IMG/jpg/chantdamour_selection-10.jpg

    C’est une histoire dessinée des relations entre la France, Israël et la Palestine depuis la guerre de juin 1967 que nous offrent Alain Gresh et Hélène Aldeguer. Les principaux protagonistes en sont Charles de Gaulle, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maxime Rodinson, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, Serge Gainsbourg, Georges Pompidou, François Mitterrand, Alain Finkielkraut, Bernard-Henri Lévy, Nicolas Sarkozy, François Hollande... Leur propos, fidèlement rapportés, permettent de mesurer la violence de cette « passion française » que constitue le conflit israélo-palestinien. Extraits.

  • Saudi Media: Muslim Leaders Invited to Summit with Trump — Naharnet

    http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/229820

    King Abdullah II of Jordan, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Niger’s Mahamadou Issoufou are among leaders invited by Saudi King Salman for a summit with U.S. President Donald Trump.

    The Arab-Islamic-American Summit will be among a series of talks expected to be held in Riyadh on May 20-21, Saudi officials said.

    Trump has frequently been accused of fueling Islamophobia but aides described his decision to visit Saudi Arabia as an effort to reset relations with the Muslim world.

    There will also be a separate meeting between monarchs of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council and Trump, as well as bilateral talks between the Saudi and U.S. leaders, Riyadh’s Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir has said.

    In addition to heads of state from Jordan, Algeria and Niger, the official Saudi Press Agency reported that Salman asked Yemeni President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi and Morocco’s King Mohammed VI to attend.

    The leaders of Turkey, Pakistan, Iraq and Tunisia have also received invitations, the Arab News daily reported on Wednesday.

  • Alain Gresh & Hélène Aldeguer : Un chant d’amour. Israël-Palestine, une histoire française, La Découverte, 2017

    Antiopées | notes de lectures
    https://antiopees.noblogs.org

    « La sécurité d’Israël est pour nous un principe intangible, de même que la légitimité de l’État palestinien. Nous devrons rechercher les conditions d’une paix juste et durable, qui permette aux deux États de coexister en sécurité. » Ceci est extrait du programme du candidat à la présidence de la république Emmanuel Macron, rubrique « International[1] ». On voit que dans ce domaine comme ailleurs, il n’innovait pas vraiment. Maintenant qu’il est élu, on peut donc prédire sans trop se hasarder qu’il va poursuivre la politique de son prédécesseur François Hollande, auquel nous devons le titre de cet essai en bande dessinée : Un chant d’amour, expression qui détonne dans la bouche d’un dirigeant que nous avons connu moins lyrique – plutôt prosaïque, voire « normal ». C’est pourtant bien lui qui déclara, le 17 novembre 2013 à Jérusalem, portant un toast au terme d’un dîner chez Benyamin Netanyaou, Premier ministre d’Israël : « Pour l’amitié entre Benyamin et moi-même, pour Israël et pour la France, même en chantant aussi mal que je chante [il venait de refuser de pousser la chansonnette après qu’une artiste locale avait interprété la chanson de Mike Brant « Laisse moi t‘aimer »] – car je chante mal –, j’aurais toujours trouvé un chant d’amour – d’amour pour Israël et ses dirigeants. »

    Ce livre s’intéresse donc à l’« histoire française » qui a conduit à cette scène touchante, c’est-à-dire à un demi-siècle de relations franco-israéliennes, soit depuis la guerre israélo-arabe de juin 1967. Les textes sont d’Alain Gresh, qui a suivi le sujet pour Le Monde diplomatique pendant une trentaine d’années, et dont on peut aujourd’hui retrouver les analyses toujours acérées sur les sites Orient XXI[2] et Contre-attaque(s)[3]. Ils sont accompagnés par les dessins plutôt percutants et sans fioritures inutiles d’Hélène Aldeguer. Disons-le tout de suite : la principale qualité du livre, à nos yeux, est d’exposer clairement et précisément une histoire réputée complexe et difficile à comprendre. Pour autant, il ne prend pas ses lecteurs pour des béotiens et n’ennuiera pas les personnes déjà bien au fait du sujet. Précisons aussi que tous les dialogues et personnages représentés sont authentiques – il ne s’agit pas d’une réinterprétation sous forme de fiction. Par ailleurs, le titre ne ment pas quant au contenu de l’ouvrage : si vous cherchez un brûlot propalestinien ou, à l’inverse, une histoire édifiante d’Israël, il vous faudra trouver d’autres sources. Le propos, ici, est de retracer le plus sobrement possible les actes et paroles des dirigeants français vis-à-vis de l’État d’Israël. Rien de très spectaculaire, en somme. La palette des couleurs – noirs, rouges, bleus, sauf sur la première de couverture où apparaît aussi la bande verte du drapeau palestinien – concourt elle aussi à cette sobriété du récit. Sobriété ne signifie pas neutralité. La simple recension des dires et des faits est accablante pour l’État israélien, dont on voit bien se dessiner au fil des années la stratégie d’anéantissement de toute capacité politique palestinienne, mais elle ne flatte guère non plus les dirigeants français qui n’ont jamais vraiment pu, su ou voulu, selon les cas, imposer quoi que ce soit à leurs homologues israéliens. Il y eut bien sûr des désaccords, et même un certain froid lorsque De Gaulle haussa le ton contre ce « peuple sûr de lui et dominateur » mais, dans l’ensemble, jamais la France n’a représenté un obstacle sérieux au rouleau compresseur de la colonisation israélienne.

  • A cornerstone
 of apartheid -
    Israel’s ’nation-state’ law must be stopped - the only way to preserve a democratic Israel is to enshrine equality among all its citizens in law

    Haaretz Editorial May 08, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/1.787870

    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/1.787870

    The nation-state bill, which the Ministerial Committee for Legislation approved unanimously on Sunday, is a bad bill. Nobody denies that Israel, as the bill says, “is the national home of the Jewish people,” or that “the right to the realization of national self-determination in the State of Israel is unique to the Jewish people.”
    The Jewish people’s right to national revival in the Land of Israel was recognized back in the 1917 Balfour Declaration and approved by the League of Nations Mandate in 1922. On November 29, 1947, this right was reaffirmed and recognized by the UN General Assembly as well.
    “We ... hereby declare the establishment of a Jewish state in the Land of Israel, to be known as the State of Israel,” reads the Declaration of Independence. Similarly, the state’s Basic Laws define Israel as a Jewish and democratic state. And aside from all this, just last week, Israel celebrated the 69th anniversary of its independence.
    >> Israeli ministers greenlight nation-state bill: Arabic isn’t an official state language <<
    Nevertheless, this bill is bad, because the only legitimate way to ensure the state’s Jewishness is for Israel to be a democracy that grants full equality to all its citizens, but which also has a Jewish majority. Any situation in which Jews were a minority in Israel, and the state’s Jewishness was maintained solely via discriminatory laws and a regime that enforced them against the majority’s will, would be undemocratic, and in any event would certainly not be viable over the long run.
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    The only explanation for why Israel is advancing this bill is the millions of Palestinians whom it keeps under its control in territories that it fantasizes about annexing. Because Israel is interested in applying its sovereignty to the land but isn’t interested in annexing the Palestinians who live there as equal citizens in a single state, it is forced to create the legal infrastructure for segregating Jews from Arabs and preserving the Jews’ legal supremacy. The nation-state law is the constitutional cornerstone for apartheid in the entire Land of Israel.

    The nation-state law is fundamentally antithetical to democracy, as it seeks to enshrine the rule of a Jewish minority over an imagined Arab majority. This is a fearful and aggressive move by a people that sees itself as a minority and is preparing to maintain control over an apartheid state that contains a Palestinian majority living under its rule. Yet even before that point is reached, the law discriminates against members of Israel’s Arab minority and legally labels them as second-class citizens.
    The nation-state bill must not be allowed to pass. The only way to preserve the national home of the Jewish people is to separate peacefully from the occupied territories and liberate the Palestinian people. And the only way to preserve a democratic Israel is to enshrine equality among its citizens in law, in line with the promise of the Declaration of Independence: “complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex.”
    The above article is Haaretz’s lead editorial, as published in the Hebrew and English newspapers in Israel.

  • Exclusive: Saudi Arabia, U.S. in talks on billions in arms sales - U.S. sources | Reuters

    http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-saudi-arms-exclusive-idUSKBN18124K

    By Mike Stone | WASHINGTON
    Washington is working to push through contracts for tens of billions of dollars in arms sales to Saudi Arabia, some new, others in the pipeline, ahead of U.S. President Donald Trump’s trip to the kingdom this month, people familiar with the talks told Reuters this week.

    Saudi Arabia is Trump’s first stop on his maiden international trip, a sign of his intent to reinforce ties with a top regional ally.

    The United States has been the main supplier for most Saudi military needs, from F-15 fighter jets to command and control systems worth tens of billions of dollars in recent years. Trump has vowed to stimulate the U.S. economy by boosting manufacturing jobs.

    Washington and Riyadh are eager to improve relations strained under President Barack Obama in part because of his championing of a nuclear deal with Saudi foe Iran.

    #Etats-Unis #Arabiesaoudite

  • Abbas’ meeting with Trump proves the PA is strong - even when it’s weak - Palestinians - Haaretz

    The Palestinian leadership knows Trump won’t reach a peace agreement, but it allows itself to hope he will end the economic despair

    Amira Hass May 05, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-1.787477

    The most important thing about U.S. President Donald Trump’s meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is the meeting itself. It shows that Trump’s White House considers the Palestinian Authority as an important international factor and a stabilizing regional element. That justifies the smiles on the faces of the Palestinian entourage at the luncheon with the two leaders. As Nasser Laham, editor-in-chief of the news website Ma’an, wrote, criticizing the PA leader’s opponents: “Mahmoud Abbas is among the first 10 leaders received at the White House (since Trump took office) – and this is after he restored ties with Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia and might be on the way to restoring ties with the Gulf states.”
    Officially, the Palestinian Authority is perceived as an essential corridor to the establishment of the Palestinian state. In fact, it is a project that the world supports for the sake of regional stability. And “stability” has become a synonym for the continuation of Israel’s settlements in the West Bank without any serious diplomatic or military implications for Israel, and without major shocks to the positions of Western countries. This is the source of the PA’s strength, even if it is very weak, and Trump apparently understands this.
    Trump found it proper to devote many words to the PA security apparatus and security coordination with Israel. At Wednesday’s press conference, Trump said:
    We must continue to build our partnership with the Palestinian security forces to counter and defeat terrorism. I also applaud the Palestinian Authority’s continued security coordination with Israel. They get along unbelievably well. I had meetings, and at these meetings I was actually very impressed and somewhat surprised at how well they get along. They work together beautifully.
    The pro-Israel lobby repeatedly urged Trump to talk about payments to Palestinian prisoners and incitement, which he did, according to the White House spokesman. But the lobby forgot to tell him that public praise for security coordination spoils things for Abbas and embarrasses his associates in Fatah. The security coordination – or as some call it, the security services that the PA provides to Israel – is something that is done, not talked about. And indeed, a Hamas leader, Sami Abu Zuhri, already tweeted that such talk proves that the PA is getting economic aid in exchange for fighting the Palestinian opposition.
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    The new Palestinian ambassador in Washington, Husam Zomlat, a brilliant and well-spoken man who was recently chosen as a member of the Fatah Revolutionary Council, will have to add one more task to his heavy list – to explain to the White House that security cooperation is part of a package deal full of internal contradictions. The PLO Central Committee decided two years ago to cancel security cooperation with Israel, and if the decision has not been implemented it is because the real decider is man who pays the salaries and is responsible for funding – Abbas. There is a price to pay for the widely unpopular security cooperation. That price is to not stretch things too much with the Fatah rank-and-file, in prison and out, and perhaps Trump’s people have already been told this. Palestinian intelligence chief Majid Faraj, who accompanied Abbas’ entourage, is also a former prisoner, like many of the heads of the Palestinian security forces and district governors who are loyal to Abbas. It will be very hard for them to explain shirking responsibility for the comrades and their families. For the sake of the PA’s stability they can’t allow themselves to cross the line in terms of image that separates “cooperation” from treason.

    While Trump and Abbas were meeting, a large rally was taking place for the hunger-striking prisoners in Ramallah’s Nelson Mandela Square. The yellow Fatah flag was prominent, and Fadwa Barghouti read out a letter from her husband, Marwan Barghouti, a Palestinian leader and a prisoner serving five life sentences in Israel. “The Palestinian prisoners have faith that their people will not let them down and will meet loyalty with loyalty and will support the prisoners and their families who have endured sacrifice and hardship and suffering,” the letter read. 
    Even if at the beginning there were some who interpreted the hunger strike as solely a Fatah enterprise or as a tool of Barghouti against Abbas, and even if the Israel Prison Service tries to downplay its importance in reports in the Israeli media, on its 18th day, the strike continues to rule headlines. It spurs young Palestinian men to clash with the Israeli army and enables pro-Palestinian activists abroad to hold activities in its support. On Thursday, it was reported that 50 leaders of various Palestinian factions joined the strike. They did not do so before for their own reasons and now they can no longer stand idly by.
    In Gaza, Fatah activists sought to link support for the prisoners to support for Abbas on the day of the latter’s meeting with Trump, and as a counterweight to the Hamas-run campaign, “Abbas doesn’t support me.” One day after the publication of a document of principles in which Hamas commits itself to democracy and pluralism, its internal security apparatus quickly arrested the Fatah activists and held up a bus that was taking people to the demonstration. From prison, Barghouti was indeed able to make it clear that Fatah is relevant and even led activists from Gaza, who was usually paralyzed by fear, to dare to act – even for Abbas. 
    In the end, Fatah is the backbone of the PA. Abbas maneuvers it well, but is also dependent on it. Zomlat will have that too in Washington, if Israel’s repetitive claims with regard to money to prisoners moves ahead to the stage of demanding the blocking of these payments.

  • Israël envisagerait de faire venir des médecins étrangers pour forcer les détenus grévistes à s’alimenter | The Times of Israël
    Alors que les prisonniers palestiniens refusent de s’alimenter pour la 18e journée consécutive, certains prisonniers du Hamas auraient rejoint la grève de la faim initiée par Barghouthi
    Times of Israel Staff 5 mai 2017
    http://fr.timesofisrael.com/israel-envisagerait-de-faire-venir-des-medecins-etrangers-pour-for

    Les Services chargés des prisons israéliennes envisagent de faire venir des médecins de l’étranger pour alimenter de force les détenus palestiniens qui sont en grève de la faim, a rapporté jeudi la Deuxième chaîne.

    Ce plan – qui devrait générer une opposition féroce aux niveaux juridique et éthique – est actuellement étudié par le ministère de la Santé, a établi le reportage.

    Cette discussion survient alors que, selon des informations, des prisonniers membres du Hamas ont également rejoint le mouvement de protestation qui, jusqu’à présent, a réuni majoritairement des membres du Fatah.

    Même si la législation israélienne autorise l’alimentation forcée des détenus, l’Association médicale israélienne a interdit à ses membres de participer à une telle initiative.

    Israël craint que si cette grève de la faim continue – elle entre dorénavant dans son 18e jour consécutif – les tribunaux ne forcent l’Autorité chargée des prisons à libérer les grévistes en raison de préoccupations liées à leur santé, comme cela est déjà arrivé.

    #grève_de_la_faim #Palestine

  • Trump taps Kris Bauman, expert on peace process with Palestinians, as new Israel adviser -

    Bauman’s presence at the National Security Council may mean the White House will focus on security related questions as part of Trump’s attempt to reach a peace deal

    Amir Tibon (Washington) May 04, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-1.787191

    WASHINGTON - The Trump administration has chosen Kris Bauman, an Air Force colonel and expert on the peace process between Israel and the Palestinians, to replace Yael Lempert as the National Security Council’s point man for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. 
    Bauman was involved in the last round of peace negotiations, which took place under former U.S. President Barack Obama from 2013 to 2014, and has been researching the subject for years, most recently at the National Defense University in Washington. Bauman’s presence at the NSC could indicate that the administration will soon turn its attention to security related questions as part of Trump’s attempt to reach an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal. Bauman now works under the Defense Department and his formal move to the White House is being finalized these days.
    During the 2013 to 2014 peace talks, Bauman was the chief-of-staff for General John Allen, who was appointed by the Obama administration to devise a comprehensive security plan for the day after a peace agreement is signed. Allen led a team of dozens of security and intelligence experts and built a plan that won praise from some senior officials in the Israeli security establishment, but was eventually rejected by former Defense Miniser Moshe Yaalon, who ridiculed it in briefings to the press and said it was not worth the paper its written on.
    As Haaretz reported two weeks ago, Lempert, who held the Israeli-Palestinian file in Obama’s National Security Council, will leave the White House after an extention of three-and-a-half months, which was requested by senior officials in the Trump administration. She participated in Trump’s meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on Wednesday, making it her last event before returning to the State Department in the coming days.
    Bauman will join a National Security Council in which military officers – on active duty and retired – are holding a number of senior positions, led by U.S. National Security Adviser General H.R McMaster. From 2011 to 2012, Bauman served as an intelligence officer in Iraq. Prior to that, he was a faculty member at the U.S. Air Force Command and Staff College. Bauman holds a PhD from the University of Denver, where his dissertation focused on “multiparty mediation in the Israeli Palestinian peace process.” He began his military career as a pilot flying C-27 and C-5 aircraft.

  • Ex-PM Hoss goes on hunger strike in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners | News , Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR
    http://www.dailystar.com.lb//News/Lebanon-News/2017/May-02/404183-ex-pm-hoss-goes-on-hunger-strike-in-solidarity-with-palestinian
    http://www.dailystar.com.lb//dailystar/Pictures/2017/05/02/50489_img650x420_img650x420_crop.jpg

    BEIRUT: Lebanon’s former Prime Minister #Salim_Hoss, 88, Tuesday joined a hunger strike with more than 800 Palestinian prisoners to express solidarity with their cause.

    A source close to the ex-PM told The Daily Star that the decision was made to “stimulate” people and officials to acknowledge the sufferings of the Palestinian people and to “press for” Arab rights.

  • Hamas Islamic Resistance - A Document of General Principles and Policies
    http://hamas.ps/en/post/678/a-document-of-general-principles-and-policies

    20. Hamas believes that no part of the land of Palestine shall be compromised or conceded, irrespective of the causes, the circumstances and the pressures and no matter how long the occupation lasts. Hamas rejects any alternative to the full and complete liberation of Palestine, from the river to the sea. However, without compromising its rejection of the Zionist entity and without relinquishing any Palestinian rights, Hamas considers the establishment of a fully sovereign and independent Palestinian state, with Jerusalem as its capital along the lines of the 4th of June 1967, with the return of the refugees and the displaced to their homes from which they were expelled, to be a formula of national consensus.

  • Révolution dans la révolution au Hamas

    http://orientxxi.info/magazine/revolution-dans-la-revolution-au-hamas,1838

    Président du bureau politique du Hamas depuis 1995, Khaled Mechaal quitte la direction du mouvement. Si, depuis 2009, les procédures internes limitent la présidence à deux mandats successifs et ne lui permettent pas d’être de nouveau candidat, il affirme à Orient XXI (17 avril) que cette restriction coïncide avec sa décision personnelle de se désengager de la direction de l’organisation. C’était d’ailleurs ce même choix qu’il avait formulé dès 2013, affirmant clairement à l’époque : « Lors des dernières élections je ne souhaitais pas me représenter à la direction du bureau politique (maktab al-siyassi), mais mes frères m’ont encouragé dans le sens inverse et ont fini par me convaincre ».

    #Hamas #Palestine #OLP

  • Au Liban, un 1er mai éminemment politique - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1049455/au-liban-un-1er-mai-eminemment-politique.html

    En ce 1er mai, jour de la Fête du Travail, le Parti communiste libanais (PCL) et plusieurs syndicats s’en sont pris lundi aux dirigeants lors d’une marche organisée à Beyrouth en faveur des travailleurs qui manifestent leur colère depuis plusieurs semaines dans certains secteurs de l’économie.

    “Intérêts inavouables”
    « La présence et l’avenir du peuple libanais sont menacés car ils sont l’otage d’intérêts inavouables », a déclaré le secrétaire général du PCL, Hanna Gharib, place Riad Solh, au centre-ville de Beyrouth, où s’est achevée la marche partie du siège de la Fédération nationale des syndicats d’ouvriers et employés au Liban (Fenasol), dans le quartier de Wata Mousseitbé. “Vous, au pouvoir, êtes corrompus. Il est temps que l’Etat que veulent les Libanais soit bâti”, a-t-il ajouté, inscrivant cette mobilisation dans “la lutte contre la coalition des requins de la finance”.

    “Nous sommes disposés à vous faire face le 15 mai pour vous empêcher de proroger votre mandat”, a déclaré M. Gharib. De son côté, le président de la Fenasol, Castro Abdallah, s’est prononcé en faveur d’une “nouvelle loi électorale juste et basée sur le scrutin proportionnel”.

    Pour sa part, Ghazi Aridi, député du Parti socialiste progressiste dirigé par le leader druze Walid Joumblatt, a déclaré que la nouvelle loi électorale doit être adoptée avec l’assentiment de toutes les parties.

    La loi en vigueur, dite de 1960, est fondée sur la majoritaire plurinominale. Elle est critiquée, du moins officiellement, par la plupart des forces politiques qui n’arrivent toutefois pas à s’accorder sur un nouveau texte. La proportionnelle intégrale et le mode de scrutin mixte (alliant majoritaire et proportionnelle) sont envisagés. Le 15 mai, une séance parlementaire est prévue pour voter une proposition de loi sur une troisième prorogation de la législature après celles de 2013 et 2014 si une nouvelle loi n’est pas trouvée entre temps.

    Par ailleurs, des militaires à la retraite ont battu le pavé dans la journée à Qab Elias, près de Chtaura, dans la Békaa, pour réclamer leur inclusion dans la grille des salaires de la fonction publique, introduite dans le cadre du projet de loi de budget pour 2017 qui doit être soumis au vote du Parlement.

  • Saudi Reforms and the Future of Mohammed bin Salman | New Eastern Outlook A russian point of view
    http://journal-neo.org/2017/04/29/saudi-reforms-and-the-future-of-mohammed-bin-salman

    On April 22, as was already customary in the era of King Salman and his son, Prince Mohammed, a series of royal decrees were unexpectedly adopted and immediately published. The essence of these decrees is twofold: on the one hand, the level of salaries and bonuses for state employees will be restored, after having been canceled in September 2016, and they, respectively, will be increased by twenty percent. In addition, two salaries are paid at once to servicemen fighting in Yemen. On the other hand, a number of resignations and new appointments have been announced, which can also be divided into two parts – the appointment of new ministers and new governors.Rather significant figures have been dismissed from the group of appointees of Mohammed bin Salman himself, such as the Minister of Information and Culture, and technocrats, mostly not from the royal family, are listed in their place; whereas the posts of provincial governors and their deputies everywhere are taken up primarily by young princes of royal blood. The most notable appointment is the new ambassador to the United States – another son of King Khaled bin Salman. Yet another son, Abdelaziz bin Salman, changed from the Deputy Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources to State Minister for Energy (the post is more honorary than influential).

    Behind all these decisions is the iron logic of power. If we speak about raising salaries and paying benefits, then the emergence of this decree is dictated by the need to calm the maturing opposition in the Saudi society and the frustration that is flaring up in social media. They accuse the young prince, who is responsible for the economic, defense and foreign policy of the country, of living wastefully against the backdrop of the misfortunes of the Saudi population (although those are quite relative compared with other countries), which has begun to live significantly worse, given the fall in oil prices and measures to reduce the budget deficit, which amounted to a record $75 billion in 2016. Muhammad bin Salman is also accused of inept, ill-conceived reforms that do not produce proper results, and of delaying the costly military campaign in Yemen, which has not yet yielded any results. In this context, the increase in salaries and the payment of bonuses were absolutely necessary to strengthen the young prince’s shaky positions. The royal finances now provide some opportunities for this because of the stabilization of oil prices at $52-55 per barrel, although they are not enough to solve the problems of a budget deficit – for this the price for oil would need to soar to $78 per barrel, which so far looks unrealistic.

    http://journal-neo.org/2017/04/29/saudi-reforms-and-the-future-of-mohammed-bin-salman

    #Russie #Arabie

  • Abbas believes ’historic opportunity’ for peace under Trump, says Palestinian envoy

    ’President Trump has the political capital, the relationships with all the parties involved and the will to actually achieve this goal,’ Husam Zomlot says ahead of Abbas visit to Washington

    Amir Tibon (Washington) Apr 28, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-1.786177

    WASHINGTON - Five days before Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas arrives in Washington for his first meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump, one of his closest advisers told Haaretz that Abbas believes there is a “historic opportunity” to reach a peace agreement under Trump’s leadership, and that he is looking forward to forging a “strategic partnership” with the new American president.
    Dr. Husam Zomlot, the recently appointed chief representative of the PLO in Washington, said that Abbas is coming to Washington with one clear objective: creating a political horizon for peace together with Trump. He added that Trump and Abbas had a “very positive conversation” when they spoke on the phone last month, and that Abbas is ready to “employ his vision for peace with full force.”
    Asked about the meeting’s agenda, Zomlot clarified that “there is one thing on the agenda – and that thing is the historic opportunity for peace presented by President Trump.”
    In an interview with Reuters overnight, Trump said, “I want to see peace with Israel and the Palestinians. There is no reason there’s not peace between Israel and the Palestinians - none whatsoever.”
    In contrast to some in Israel who declared that Trump’s election was the end of the peace process, Zomlot sounded positive about working with the U.S. administration.

    #Palestine #OLP #Etats-Unis #Israël

  • The attack in Syria: Israel’s policy of ambiguity is nearing an end

    Strike in Damascus international airport attributed to Israel ■ Why isn’t Russia taking action? ■ defense chief draws a new red line: No Iranian and Hezbollah military presence on the Syrian border

    Amos Harel Apr 28, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/syria/1.786074

    What has been done up to now with a degree of ambiguity, not to say discretion, is now being done for all to see. Syria confirmed on Thursday, in a report from its official news agency, that the Israeli airforce struck a military compound next to the Damascus airport before dawn.

    Intelligence Minister Yisrael Katz implicitly acknowledged Israeli responsibility for the strike when he explained in a somewhat sleepy radio interview from the United States on Army Radio that “the incident totally fits with our policy for preventing weapons transfers to Hezbollah.” And all of this happened while Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman was away on a visit to Russia, the chief sponsor of the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad.
    Katz’s comments followed an earlier, first acknowledgement of its kind by Israel, after numerous reports in the Arab media of an Israeli airstrike in Syria in late March. And this past Tuesday, a senior Israel Defense Forces officer told journalists that about a hundred missiles, some intended for Hezbollah, were destroyed in that March airstrike. But it is still not certain that a deliberate decision has been made to abandon the policy of ambiguity that Israel has adhered to for the past five years, neither denying nor confirming its responsibility for such air strikes.
    This policy of ambiguity seems to be based on the idea that Israel’s refusal to comment on these strikes makes them less of an embarrassment for the regime and thus does not whet the Syrians’ appetite for revenge as much. The recent deviations from this policy were likely random occurrences and not the product of long-range strategic thinking.

    The initial reports from Damascus did not specify what types of weaponry was hit. Arab intelligence sources (quoted by an Amman-based reporter for Reuters) claimed that the targets this time were arms shipments from Iran being smuggled on civilian commercial flights via the international airport in Damascus.

    #Syrie #Israël #Hezbollah

  • La pacification de Zabadani et ses conséquences sur le Liban - Scarlett HADDAD - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1048533/la-pacification-de-zabadani-et-ses-consequences-sur-le-liban.html

    Depuis l’exécution de l’accord sur les quatre localités en Syrie (Madaya-Zabadani-Kfarya et Foua) et en particulier depuis la pacification de la région de Zabadani entre Damas et la frontière libanaise, les yeux sont tournés vers les jurds de Ersal et de Ras Baalbeck. Depuis samedi, l’armée libanaise effectue d’ailleurs des opérations régulières dans le secteur, la dernière en date ayant eu lieu dans la nuit de lundi à mardi et fait de nombreux morts chez les combattants adverses. Ces opérations sont considérées comme préventives et elles visent à empêcher les groupes armés, refoulés de la région de Zabadani, de se diriger vers le jurd de Ersal et ses environs.

    Dans la plus grande discrétion et sans attendre les commentaires politiques, l’armée est donc en train d’exécuter un plan de sécurisation de la frontière au niveau de la Békaa-Nord. Mais, selon une source militaire, la poursuite de l’exécution de ce plan reste tributaire des développements en Syrie, concernant notamment les prochaines étapes de l’accord dit des quatre localités. Cet accord a été conclu entre l’armée syrienne et les groupes rebelles sous l’égide de la Russie et du Qatar. En effet, après des mois de négociations indirectes, des Qataris pris en otages en 2015 (dont des membres de la famille régnante) ont été relâchés, et, en même temps, les combattants et leurs familles ont pu être évacués de Madaya et de Zabadani, simultanément à un processus identique à Foua et Kfarya.

  • Help comes with dangerous strings for Syrian Druze town
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/syria-druze-golan-heights-regime-opposition-israel.html

    Hadar, a Druze town with a population of 10,000, according to local officials, has a unique story. Nestled on the Syrian face of Jabal al-Sheikh, Hadar directly faces the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, where the Shouting Valley separates it by just a few hundred meters from the Israeli-occupied Druze town of Majdal Shams. A few hundred meters up Jabal al-Sheikh, perched on its peak, sits one of Israel’s largest military intelligence stations. It carefully monitors all activity in the Golan on one side and in Lebanon’s Shebaa and beyond on the other.

    Hadar’s other neighbors are armed groups belonging to both the Jordanian-backed Southern Front and the al-Qaeda affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra, now also known as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham. Between them, they control the villages and the remaining mountaintops overlooking Hadar.

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/syria-druze-golan-heights-regime-opposition-israel.html#ixzz4fL8n6v1b

  • Report: Trump plans to cut foreign aid across world - but increase aid to Palestinians

    WASHINGTON - Internal State Department documents that were published on Monday by Foreign Policy magazine show that while the Trump administration is preparing major cuts in U.S. foreign aid all across the world, one of the few areas where the administration actually wants to increase spending is the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza.
    The documents are an internal budget plan that seems in line with the administration’s stated goal of a deep cut of more than a third of the State Department and USAID’s total budget. They show major cuts in foreign aid to numerous countries in all continents, but a small rise of 4.6% in foreign aid to the West Bank and Gaza, which would go up to $215 million for the 2018 fiscal year.
    In addition to these territories, other places in the Middle East that would see increased aid spending are Syria, Iraq and Libya, which will all see hundreds of millions of dollars invested should the budget proposal gets approved. All other countries in the Middle East that appear in the document, however, will suffer severe cuts in aid.
    The document proposes a 47.4% cut to Egypt’s aid - a surprising policy in light of the warm and friendly way in which Trump has treated Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi. It also proposed a 21% cut to foreign aid to Jordan, whose leader, King Abdullah, is the only world leader to have been invited to meet the president twice since his inauguration.

    WASHINGTON - Internal State Department documents that were published on Monday by Foreign Policy magazine show that while the Trump administration is preparing major cuts in U.S. foreign aid all across the world, one of the few areas where the administration actually wants to increase spending is the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza.
    The documents are an internal budget plan that seems in line with the administration’s stated goal of a deep cut of more than a third of the State Department and USAID’s total budget. They show major cuts in foreign aid to numerous countries in all continents, but a small rise of 4.6% in foreign aid to the West Bank and Gaza, which would go up to $215 million for the 2018 fiscal year.
    In addition to these territories, other places in the Middle East that would see increased aid spending are Syria, Iraq and Libya, which will all see hundreds of millions of dollars invested should the budget proposal gets approved. All other countries in the Middle East that appear in the document, however, will suffer severe cuts in aid.
    The document proposes a 47.4% cut to Egypt’s aid - a surprising policy in light of the warm and friendly way in which Trump has treated Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi. It also proposed a 21% cut to foreign aid to Jordan, whose leader, King Abdullah, is the only world leader to have been invited to meet the president twice since his inauguration.

    #Egypte #Palestine #Etats-Unis #aide

  • Is Saudi Arabia really willing to normalize ties with Iraq?
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/better-saudi-iraqi-ties-faced-by-growing-iranian-influence.html

    On March 23, Iraq’s Foreign Ministry had leaked that Riyadh had promised to resume direct flights between the two countries and cancel the debt Iraq had incurred in waging the Iraq-Iran War. A week later, however, on March 30, the Saudi Press Agency tweeted a quote from the Saudi Foreign Ministry denying that the government intended to cancel Iraq’s $30 billion deb

  • Pence’s visit to Indonesia another strike in internal White House battle over Islam

    Pence praised Indonesia’s ’moderate Islam’ as ’an inspiration to the world,’ but others in Trump’s administration still see all Muslims as a threat

    Amir Tibon Apr 22, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-1.784940

    Vice President Mike Pence became this week the first senior figure from the Trump White House to visit a Muslim country. As part of his tour in Southeast Asia, that was focused mostly on the crisis in the Korean peninsula, Pence stopped in Indonesia, the largest Muslim nation in the world, which is home to approximately 250 million people. 
    During his visit to Jakarta, the country’s capital, Pence made a statement that under previous U.S. administrations probably wouldn’t have been filed as more than a footnote, but in the Trump era, immediately made headlines and raised some eyebrows. “As the largest majority Muslim country, Indonesia’s tradition of moderate Islam, frankly, is an inspiration to the world,” Pence declared. He added that the United States commends Indonesia and its people “for the great inspiration that Indonesia provides to the world.”
    Indonesia is indeed a Muslim country led by moderate and democratically elected leadership. Its president, Joko Widodo, was elected in 2014, and was presented in news reports at the time as an “Indonesian version” of Barack Obama. Indonesia is also an important trade partner for the United States and has the largest navy in Southeast Asia. All of these factors can explain why Pence found it important to flatter his hosts in Jakarta this week. But the fact that he chose to specifically speak about the importance of moderate Islam was what made it into the news reports. 
    The reason is obvious: during his election campaign last year, Pence’s boss, Donald Trump, made statements and promises that ignored any kind of differentiation between various movements and groups in the Muslim world. Trump talked about banning all Muslims from entering the United States, without exception, and in March 2016 he said in an interview to CNN that “Islam hates us. There is tremendous hate there.” 
    Trump also assembled around him a number of key advisers with strong anti-Muslim opinions. Michael Flynn, his first choice for the position of National Security Adviser, claimed that Islam wasn’t truly a religion, but rather a political ideology that must be defeated. He also said radical Islamism was like cancer “inside the body of 1.7 billion people” - suggesting that every Muslim person in the world was “infected” by it.

    #Islam #Etats-Unis

  • Anti-settlements resolution in Mass could be ’last straw’ for many Dems, warns party boss in AIPAC’s pocket

    http://mondoweiss.net/2017/04/settlements-resolution-massachusetts

    This is good news. The Massachusetts Democratic Party is getting involved in the Israel/Palestine issue, with rival resolutions that are already dividing the state committee.

    Writes Shira Schoenberg at Mass Live:

    Democratic State Committeewoman Carol Coakley, of Millis, introduced a resolution, which will be voted on by the State Committee later this month, condemning Israeli settlements as “obstacles to peace” and urging Massachusetts’ members of Congress to oppose the settlements.

    James Segel, a former aide to Congressman Barney Frank, at a public hearing on Wednesday introduced an alternative resolution urging support for a two-state solution and acknowledging that there are many impediments to peace — including both Israeli settlement expansion and Palestinian incitement and terrorism.

    Longtime Democratic Party boss/treasurer Steve Grossman, who also headed the Israel lobby group AIPAC, is upset that anyone would take a stance against settlements:

    “I think passage of the Coakley resolution would be deeply divisive at a time when Democrats should be working on common shared principles and values, and I think it would harm the Democratic Party,” warned Steve Grossman, a former state Democratic Party chairman and a lifetime member of the Democratic State Committee who previously led the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, a national pro-Israel lobby.

    Here’s the Globe’s panicky report, which gives Grossman paragraph after paragraph to sound off:

    State Democratic Party heavyweights are sounding a red alert against a provocative proposal for their state committee to declare opposition to Israeli settlements in the West Bank without specifically mentioning Palestinian violence, a step some top leaders fear would lead to an exodus of Democratic voters…

    Grossman… said it feeds a “one-sided blame game,” which is playing out across college campuses and in pockets of the “progressive wing of the Democratic Party,” and would send a disturbing message to many Democratic activists.

    “A lot of people would read about it and would read the language and say: ‘Frankly, that’s the last straw. This is not a place I feel comfortable any longer,’ ” Grossman said.

    “Many would see it as an attempt to drive a rhetorical stake through Israel’s heart and lay the blame — not part of the blame, but virtually the exclusive blame — for the failure of the peace process at Israel’s door, to the exclusion of any responsibility by Palestinians,” he said.

    Here’s that resolution. Very mild! We affirm our support for longstanding US policy, from Johnson to Obama, that settlements “are an obstacle to peace.”

    #Israël #colonies #Etats-Unis

  • INTERVIEW – Henry Laurens : « Les Palestiniens ont pour eux le droit mais n’ont pas la force » | Middle East Eye
    http://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/reportages/interview-henry-laurens-les-palestiniens-ont-pour-eux-le-droit-mais-n
    http://www.middleeasteye.net/sites/default/files/PalestinianHomeDemolitionEastJerusalem.AFP_.jpg

    il y a la réalité du terrain et celle des conférences internationales, que ce soit à Astana ou à Genève. Sur le terrain pullulent les milices, qu’elles soient d’un côté ou de l’autre. Le régime de Bachar al-Assad n’est plus qu’un agrégat de milices. Il ne se fait pas respecter par telle milice qui contrôle telle sous-région ou telle autre. Du côté de la révolution syrienne, se trouvent les Kurdes, les islamistes, des milices locales aussi. Il n’y a pas d’autorité centralisée qui pourrait imposer que les armes cessent. C’est ce qui est inquiétant d’ailleurs sur la longue durée.

    #syrie

  • Les messages du Hezbollah et... ceux de l’État - Scarlett HADDAD - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1047888/les-messages-du-hezbollah-et-ceux-de-letat.html

    En exposant pour la première fois un de ses chefs militaires aux caméras des médias, le Hezbollah a voulu montrer son assurance sur le fait que les Israéliens ne sont pas en mesure de se lancer dans une nouvelle aventure militaire au Liban. D’ailleurs, toutes les explications fournies par ce cadre ont montré que les préparatifs israéliens de l’autre côté de la frontière sont des préparatifs défensifs et non pas offensifs. De plus, l’ampleur des détails fournis par le résistant dans son exposé des mesures israéliennes de protection des colonies proches de la frontière était destinée à montrer à la fois aux Libanais et aux Israéliens que le parti de Hassan Nasrallah sait parfaitement et minutieusement ce que préparent les Israéliens. Il était tellement sûr de ses informations qu’il n’hésitait pas à les divulguer en toute clarté devant les caméras, à un vol d’oiseau des armes israéliennes.

  • Le Figaro - À Saint-Brevin, les migrants honnis puis acceptés

    Quand Le Figaro découvre que, malgré ses campagnes de haine, les migrants sont bien acceptés dans les villes de province

    http://premium.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2017/04/20/01016-20170420ARTFIG00328--saint-brevin-les-migrants-honnis-puis-ac

    LES OUBLIÉS DE LA CAMPAGNE (6/6) - Après avoir suscité une tempête d’émotions au Pays de Retz, le séjour de 47 demandeurs d’asile, qui ont passé six mois sur place, est jugé positif par les habitants.
    De notre envoyée spéciale à Saint-Brevin
     » Découvrez l’intégralité de notre série au fur et à mesure de sa publication

    Il est environ midi, le soleil tape et une douce brise glisse dans l’air marin de Saint-Brevin-Les-Pins, petite bourgade du Pays de Retz, située sur les bords de l’océan Atlantique à deux pas de l’estuaire de la Loire. Sayid Nasir, jeune Afghan de 29 ans, qui n’avait jamais vu la mer, dit que c’est la chose qui l’a le plus frappé à son arrivée au Centre de vacances d’EDF, où il a été accueilli en octobre pour six mois avec 47 autres migrants. « J’ai aimé la mer, la chambre confortable et aussi la gentillesse des habitants ! Je suis reconnaissant à Saint-Brevin », nous confiait-il il y a quelques jours, alors que le centre d’aide et d’orientation (CAO) mis en place s’apprêtait à fermer, conformément aux engagements de l’État et de l’organisation Trajets, qui a supervisé le séjour brévinois des migrants. Sayid, qui a quitté l’Afghanistan en septembre 2015 pour la Belgique avant de passer en France, espérait pouvoir gagner la Grande-Bretagne mais s’est retrouvé bloqué dans la fameuse « jungle » de Calais. Quand le gigantesque camp qui avait crû dans le chaos depuis des années, suscitant une véritable levée de boucliers des habitants de la ville, a été fermé, l’État a réparti des milliers de demandeurs d’asile à travers les communes de l’Hexagone. Saint-Brevin a hérité d’Afghans, d’Érythréens et de Soudanais venant de zones de guerre.
    Sayid, un garçon aux yeux noirs originaire de la province de Kunduz, qui parle bien anglais et voudrait faire des études de science politique, dit qu’il a fui son pays parce que « c’était devenu trop dangereux ». Il évoque le danger mortel des talibans qui a mis toute sa famille sur les routes. « Le fait de refuser de porter une barbe et de s’habiller en pantalon et en tee-shirt est un gros risque. J’aime ma patrie, si je l’ai quittée c’est qu’il n’était pas possible de rester. Ma famille me manque chaque minute », soupire-t-il, inquiet, vu qu’il n’a toujours pas de réponse à sa demande de papiers. « De quoi est fait le futur ? », s’interroge-t-il, sombre malgré ses sourires. Des tourments qui pourraient remplir des livres, mais que les habitants de Saint-Brevin n’étaient pas préparés à embrasser et à comprendre.
    Tempête d’émotions
    « 70 migrants pour 13.000 habitants, c’est dangereux, parmi eux il ne doit pas y avoir seulement des enfants de Marie mais des voyous »
    Maxime Boulanger, porte-parole d’un comité antimigrants
    Quand au mois d’octobre 2016, les Brévinois apprennent que le camp de Calais va fermer et que 50 à 70 migrants vont arriver sous peu au centre de vacances d’EDF, dans le quartier de Saint-Brevin l’Océan, une tempête d’émotions se met à courir sur la station balnéaire, qui s’étonne de l’absence totale de concertation. « 70 migrants pour 13.000 habitants, c’est dangereux, parmi eux il ne doit pas y avoir seulement des enfants de Marie mais des voyous », déclare alors Maxime Boulanger, qui devient porte-parole d’un comité antimigrants. Un commerçant brévinois confie à Ouest-Franceque « ça pourrait faire peur aux gens qui voudraient venir en vacances ». D’autres craignent une chute de l’immobilier. L’association d’habitants opposée à leur installation va bientôt rassembler quelque 400 signatures pour le camp du refus, suscitant en réaction la mise sur pied d’une « association des Brévinois atterrés » qui se prononce en faveur du contingent de migrants. Un soir, peu avant leur arrivée, des coups de feu sont tirés contre le bâtiment d’EDF, un acte qui plonge la ville dans la consternation. « Je peux comprendre les craintes mais la violence est inadmissible », réagit le préfet de Loire-Atlantique, Henri-Michel Comet. « Il y a des sentiments d’inquiétude, de peur mais aussi d’empathie. Je pense que les esprits vont se calmer », affirme pour sa part le maire (divers droite) Yannick Haury, tout en reconnaissant « avoir été mis devant le fait accompli ».
    Jean-Pierre dit que toute une petite communauté s’est formée pour aider ces arrivants exotiques et que la fête de départ a été « émouvante »
    Irène Petiteau, la directrice de l’Association Trajets, qui a été chargée de toute l’opération d’installation et de gestion du centre, me confie six mois plus tard « ne pas avoir bougé d’un pouce son dispositif » malgré cette tourmente initiale. « On avait des procédures déjà testées et on les a suivies. Les gens se sont nourris de rumeurs. Nous savions qu’il n’y avait aucun danger », dit-elle. À la suite des coups de feu, Trajets a dû engager un vigile pour la nuit. Mais l’association s’est surtout occupée de mobiliser quelque 300 bénévoles qui ont donné de leur temps pour assurer des cours de français, l’intendance des repas et maintes sorties pour les 47 migrants, notamment au Mémorial de Caen et sur les plages du Débarquement. Pascal Théault, entraîneur de l’équipe de foot de Caen, a proposé des entraînements. « Au début j’avais moi-même des inquiétudes. Mais quand j’ai vu l’appel au bénévolat, j’ai décidé d’aller voir », raconte Jean-Pierre Tavec, un ancien instituteur brévinois à la retraite qui a donné des cours de français. « Je me suis dit : qu’est-ce qu’on fait ? On les accueille ou on les remet à l’eau ? » Jean-Pierre dit que toute une petite communauté s’est formée pour aider ces arrivants exotiques et que la fête de départ a été « émouvante ». L’instituteur s’inquiète toutefois pour la suite. Il dit que les migrants sont loin d’être au bout de leurs peines. La plupart vont atterrir dans de nouveaux centres d’accueil, qui n’ont pas tous le côté estival et chaleureux de Saint-Brevin. « Parviendront-ils à s’intégrer ? Pourraient-ils glisser sur la mauvaise pente », s’inquiète-t-il.

  • Israël-Palestine, imbrication des mémoires opprimées | Dominique Vidal
    http://orientxxi.info/lu-vu-entendu/udi-aloni-maitre-cineaste-des-memoires,1812

    Aujourd’hui 19 avril sort dans plusieurs salles à Paris et en régions Jonction 48, du cinéaste israélo-américain Udi Aloni. C’est la dernière étape d’une déjà longue carrière, jalonnée d’œuvres majeures, dont un chef d’œuvre : Forgiveness. Au cœur de l’univers du maître, l’imbrication des mémoires opprimées. David, jeune Américano-Israélien, adossé à un arbre, regarde immobile et les yeux hagards la cour de l’hôpital psychiatrique. Pas n’importe lequel : destiné aux survivants de la Shoah, Kfar Shaul se situe sur les (...) Source : Orient XXI

  • Israel fighting to stop FIFA from suspending settlement soccer teams -
    Move against six teams initiated by Palestinians, backed by FIFA panel; Israelis pessimistic

    Barak Ravid Apr 20, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.784442

    Israel is increasingly concerned that when the FIFA Congress holds its annual meeting in another four weeks, the international soccer federation will decide to suspend six Israeli soccer teams based in West Bank settlements.
    Consequently, ambassadors in dozens of capitals worldwide have been ordered to work with officials of their host countries to foil the move.
    An official involved in the issue said that two weeks ago, Israel learned that Palestinian Football Association President Jibril Rajoub had asked to put the issue of the settlement teams on the agenda of both the FIFA Council, which will meet in Manama, Bahrain on May 9, and the FIFA Congress, which will meet in the same city on May 10 and 11.
    On Tuesday, the Foreign Ministry sent a cable to dozens of Israeli embassies instructing embassy staffers to try to persuade their host countries to remove the issue from FIFA’s agenda or ensure that no vote on it takes place. But the official said Israel must be prepared for the worst-case scenario, in which a vote does take place. If so, Israel’s chances of winning are negligible.
    “Our growing assessment is that the FIFA Congress is liable to make a decision on suspending six Israeli teams that play over the Green Line, or even on suspending Israel from FIFA,” the cable said. “We urge you to contact your countries’ representatives on the FIFA Council as soon as possible to obtain their support for Israel’s position, which rejects mixing politics with sport and calls for reaching an agreed solution between the parties ... and to thwart an anti-Israel decision if it is brought before the council.”

    #BDS #Israel #Palestine

  • Barghouti’s N.Y. Times article met by Israeli ritual of diversion and denial -

    Comparing article to terror attack and suggesting sanctions against the Times, as Michael Oren did, is more damaging to Israel’s image

    Chemi Shalev Apr 19, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.784060

    At the end of his opinion piece in the New York Times about the Palestinian prisoners’ strike, Marwan Barghouti was originally described as “a Palestinian leader and parliamentarian.” After 24 hours of outrage and condemnation, an editor’s note conceded that further context was needed, pointing out that Barghouti had been convicted on “five counts of murder and membership in a terrorist organization.” News of the clarification spread like wildfire on social media. It was described in glowing terms as yet another historic victory of good over evil and of the Jewish people over its eternal enemies.
    It was another example of the time-tested Israeli ritual of accentuating the insignificant at the expense of the essence, the results of which are well known in advance. First you manufacture righteous indignation over a minor fault in an article or the problematic identity of its writer, then you assault the newspaper or media that publicized it and cast doubt on its motives, then you demand to know how this was even possible and who will pay the price. In this way, the Israeli public is absolved of the need to actually contend with the gist of the article or public utterance, in this case Barghouti’s claims that he was physically tortured, that almost a million Palestinians have been detained over the years, that their conviction rate in the Israeli military court system is absurdly high, whether it’s really wise to hold as many as 6,500 security prisoners in custody at one time and so on.
    The guiding principle of this perpetual war waged by Israel and its supporters against the so-called hostile press - to paraphrase a legendary John Cleese episode about a visit by German visitors to Fawlty Towers - is “Don’t mention the occupation!” After one spends so much energy on protestations and exclamations of how unthinkable, how outrageous and how dare they, there’s very little enthusiasm left to consider eternal control over another people or the malignant status quo that many Israelis view as the best of all possible worlds or how is it even possible that someone who is defined by former Israeli Ambassador and current deputy minister Michael Oren as a terrorist and a murderer on a par with Dylann Roof, who killed nine African American worshippers in a church in Charleston, is considered by many people around the world, including those at the New York Times, as an authentic leader whose words should be read and heard.
    In an interview with IDF Radio on Tuesday, Oren put the ingenious diversionary strategy on full display. He described Barghouti’s op-ed as nothing less than a “media terror attack.” To this he added a pinch of conspiracy theory with a dash of anti-Semitism by claiming that the Times purposely published Barghouti’s article on Passover, so that Israeli and Jewish leaders wouldn’t have time to react. Then he approvingly cited the wise words of his new oracle, Donald Trump, describing the publication of the article and its content as “fake news.” And for his grand finale, Oren intimated that the proper Zionist response would be to close down the Times’ Israel office, no less.
    In this way, anyone who wants to address Barghouti’s claims substantively, even if it’s to criticize them, is seen as collaborating with a terrorist and enabling terror. It’s the same system by which anti-occupation groups such as Breaking the Silence are tarred as traitorous, backstabbing informants so that no one dares consider the actual testimonies they present about the hardships of occupation and the immorality of forcing the IDF to police the West Bank. What’s hilarious, however, is that so many Israelis and Jews are convinced that articles such as the one written by Barghouti, which most readers probably view as yet another tedious polemic about an intractable Middle East conflict, somehow causes more harm to Israel’s image than a senior government official who compares a news article to a terror attack and who recommends closing down the offices of the most widely respected news organization in the world, a la Putin or Erdogan.

    #Palestine #Israel #Barghouti

  • Hezbollah’s No. 2: US strike on Syria mere ‘muscle flexing’
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/lebanon-hezbollah-syria-war-israel-us-military-strikes.html

    Al-Monitor: That means that Hezbollah is not planning on creating a “new resistance front” in the Golan Heights?

    Qassem: The question of the Golan Heights concerns the people of the Golan and Syria. If the people there decide to start a resistance or a similar action, this would be their call and the call of people working on the ground. But we do not want to discuss Hezbollah’s position in this regard.

    Al-Monitor: A recent report by the International Crisis Group said that Hezbollah’s alliance with President Bashar al-Assad has become a burden, and the party is now seen as a Shiite militia. What do you think of this statement?

    Qassem: Hezbollah is a resistance fighting to bring down the Israeli project and is now fighting [in Syria] to put an end to the new takfiri project, which emanates from the Israeli plan. When we fight, we cooperate with all concerned parties, be they Sunnis, nationalists, secularists, Christians or any other national affiliations, according to the place, time and circumstances. Therefore, Hezbollah is a resistance project, and everyone knows that. Hezbollah’s network of contacts, be it in the Lebanese or Syrian arena, or anywhere it is needed, goes beyond sects and factions. These inaccurate reports have no weight on the ground and are only part of the political media lobbying to harm Hezbollah, but they are ineffective.

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/lebanon-hezbollah-syria-war-israel-us-military-strikes.html#ixzz4eaxKbZ7

  • Russia, the friend of our enemies

    In Washington it’s becoming clear that the West’s real enemy in the Middle East is Iran, which wields power in Lebanon and Syria and is now trying for Yemen

    Moshe Arens Apr 18, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.783861

    An enemy of our enemies is our friend, and a friend of our enemies is presumably our enemy. So what should we make of Vladimir Putin, an enemy of the Islamic State, which is an enemy of Israel, but who is also a friend of Iran, Hezbollah and Syria, who are also enemies of Israel? Has Putin made the wrong choice?
    Sergey Lavrov, Javad Zarif and Walid Moallem, the foreign ministers of Russia, Iran, and Syria, sit in Moscow coordinating their positions, claiming the charge that Bashar Assad’s forces used chemical warfare on Syrian civilians is a complete fabrication, despite the incontrovertible evidence to the contrary. Putin no doubt knows the truth but has put his money on the Syrian president – who is allied with Iran – and has decided to stick with him for the time being. Presumably he is still counting on Assad to defeat his adversaries with the help of Moscow and Tehran, thus maintaining Russia’s military presence and influence in Syria. He has continued good relations with Israel, and yet backs forces that are pledged to Israel’s destruction. How has it come to this pass?
    At least part of the answer is the attempts by ISIS, that zany radical Islamist group, to set up a caliphate spanning parts of Iraq and Syria, as well as the organization’s success with making inroads into Libya and Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula and spreading terror aimed at “nonbelievers” throughout the world. A worthy enemy for sure. A broad coalition has been formed to fight ISIS, and Assad insists he is a member of that coalition. Assad the terrorist is fighting terrorists and insists that he deserves the world’s sympathy and support. Putin, intent on fighting the Islamic State, has decided to help Assad “fight terrorism.”
    U.S. President Donald Trump began going down the same path. At first he saw no need to replace Assad, since he was presumably fighting ISIS, the common enemy. In the profusion of “enemies” taking part in the bloody war in Syria, ISIS looked like the worst of the lot. But militarily, it turned out that it was also among the easiest to defeat. There was no need to ally oneself with Assad to accomplish that aim. If you fight alongside Assad, as the Russians are doing, you find yourself fighting alongside Hezbollah, which is financed, trained and equipped by Iran. Iranian militias are taking part in the fighting against ISIS in Mosul. How do you solve this puzzle?
    Trump seems to have found his way out of this labyrinth by condemning Assad for using chemical weapons against civilians and sending him a message via 59 Tomahawks to make sure he and everyone else knows that he means business. Assad’s latest chemical attack against his own citizens dispelled any illusions people may have had about him – and his allies. Maybe the message will be coming through in Moscow as well.

  • With Palestinian prisoner strike, Barghouti challenges Abbas’ leadership
    Will a Palestinian hunger strike rain on Trump’s peace plans?

    Amos Harel Apr 18, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.783911

    The hunger strike that nearly 1,200 Palestinian security prisoners in Israel began on Monday is expected to ratchet up the tensions between Israel and the Palestinians in the coming days. If complications occur and the strike lasts for an extended time, it is liable to take over the security and diplomatic agenda at a time when U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration is declaring its intention to restart the peace process.
    >> Get all updates on Israel, Trump and the Palestinians: Download our free App, and Subscribe >>
    However, like another crisis that escalated in recent days over the supply of electricity to the Gaza Strip, it appears that the background to the strike has to do with intra-Palestinian power struggles as much as it has to do with the struggle against Israel.
    The hunger strike is basically the initiative of a single person, Marwan Barghouti, the highest-ranking Fatah prisoner in Israel. The media attention from a prolonged strike will serve him in his moves vis-à-vis the Palestinian Authority leadership, which is officially supporting the strike but in actuality is concerned about any outcome that could advance the standing of the imprisoned leader, who is not especially liked by President Mahmoud Abbas and his people. Barghouti already took credit for an initial success on Monday with an Op-Ed in The New York Times. (For some reason, the editors of the newspaper omitted from the publication the reason Barghouti is in prison: He was arrested and tried in 2002 for dispatching terrorists to carry out attacks at the height of the second intifada in which five Israeli civilians were killed. The piece has since been amended with an editor’s note amid a wave of heavy criticism.)

    #Palestine #Barghouti #grèvedelafaim

  • What did Tillerson’s Russia trip achieve?

    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/04/tillerson-lavrov-russia-meeting.html

    ❝Moscow also seized the moment of direct contact with the top US diplomat to clarify its own positions. On Syria, the departure of President Bashar al-Assad was and remains a non-starter for Russia. What neither Lavrov nor Putin would probably say to Tillerson, but do expect him to understand, is that Russia has invested so much into Syria now, politically and militarily, that Moscow’s primary concern is less about Assad than about the principle, power and prestige of maintaining its position. Hence, any plan that might move Moscow from this standing would have to involve some face-saving mechanism that the Kremlin could package as a win-win internationally, and as a “decision made in Russia’s best interest” domestically.

    So far, the US vision has been to get Russia on board by offering Moscow an opportunity to “play a constructive role in the humanitarian and political catastrophe in the Middle East.” That approach misses a critical point in Russian political psychology: The Kremlin believes it has already stepped up as a constructive player to counter the increasingly destructive forces unleashed by the United States. This belief — no matter how uncomfortably it sits with anyone — is not entirely groundless. Many players in the region perceive Russia in this capacity, even if it’s just for their own political reasons.

    A senior Russian diplomat speaking with Al-Monitor not for attribution said: “[Russia] stepping aside from Assad would mean, among other things, an ultimate win for the US regime-change policy. It would indicate that no matter how long you resist this policy, you’ll be made to surrender. That’s a serious red line in Russia’s foreign policy thinking, the one that President Putin cannot afford to be crossed — not for all the tea in China, or should I say, a chocolate cake in Mar-a-Lago?”

    Therefore, Tillerson’s statement on the importance of Assad’s departure in a “structural, organized manner” is seen in Moscow as a positive outcome. It leaves open the prospect of returning to the political process that was underway for several months before the gas attack and the airstrikes.

    However, it might be much more difficult to achieve now, as the parties focus on reinforcing their respective and contradictory narratives. Reports of US intelligence intercepting communications between Syrian military and chemical experts about preparations for a sarin nerve gas attack in Idlib are a powerful argument for the audience that shares the “American narrative” — as Moscow sees it. However, it is producing counternarratives on the Russian side. One such narrative, according to the Russian Defense Ministry, suggests that of all “12 facilities that stored Syrian chemical weapons, 10 were destroyed in the timeline between 2013 and 2016 under the watch of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons … [while] the remaining two compounds are out of reach for the Syrian government since they are located in the territory controlled by the so-called opposition.”

    Also, as Putin’s press secretary, Dmitry Peskov, put it: “The recitation of mantras on the necessity of Assad’s departure” won’t budge Moscow’s position an inch, nor will it help with a political solution to the Syria crisis. On the contrary, it will only reinforce Russia’s position on Assad. So far, Moscow has been operating on the principle of presumed innocence and calling for an “unbiased probe” into the Syria attack. To Russia, a refusal to have such an investigation would show that the case against Assad is being pursued for political rather than humanitarian reasons.

    Remarkably, a recent Mir interview with Putin indicates Moscow hasn’t reached a concrete conclusion on exactly who perpetrated the attacks. Putin’s statement that it could have been the Syrian opposition or the Islamic State (IS) is based primarily on the opposition’s hope of saving itself in a losing battle and on previous IS chemical attacks in Iraq. On factual grounds, however, Russia’s arguments look as shaky as the West’s “confidence” that Assad did it. Yet this state of affairs leaves enough space for US-Russia cooperation on investigating the case, if only inspired by a solid political will.

    Though it seems counterintuitive, Russia’s veto of the UN resolution on Syria proposed by the United States, the UK and France hours after the Tillerson-Lavrov press conference is an important sign of Russia’s commitment to work with the United States. Deputy Russian UN Ambassador Vladimir Safronkov explained the veto by saying the resolution assigned guilt “before an independent and objective investigation” could be conducted.

    However, Russia probably had decided to veto the resolution even before Tillerson and Lavrov met, to give itself more time to think through the negotiation results. Moscow wanted to come up with a fresh proposal at the UN that would reflect a more engaging approach for both US and Russian interests. Hence came Safronkov’s heated and scandalous lashing out against British diplomat Matthew Rycroft, whom he accused of trying to derail a potential agreement on Syria and Assad’s fate that Moscow had hoped to reach with Washington. "Don’t you dare insult Russia!” he said at the UN Security Council meeting April 12.

    Rycroft had accused Moscow of supporting Assad’s “murderous, barbaric” regime.

    In general, the visit left a feeling in Moscow that the initiatives Lavrov and Tillerson discussed will face intense scrutiny in Washington. The confrontational rhetoric flying from both capitals will remain prevalent. But the parties have articulated a need and agreed on some — though not many — concrete steps toward managing the situation. It’s not likely to lead to a “great-power alliance” or help both parties accomplish much together. But it might be just what’s needed to take the two back from the brink of a direct military clash and spare the world even more uncertainty. Given the current circumstances, this might be the most comfortable paradigm for the bilateral relations — at least until Putin and Trump meet face to face.

    MAXIM A. SUCHKOV
    Editor, Russia-Mideast 
    Maxim A. Suchkov, PhD is the Editor of Al-Monitor’s Russia-Mideast coverage as well as an expert of the Russian International Affairs Council. He is also an Associate Professor of International Relations and Deputy Director for Research at the School of International Relations, Pyatigorsk State University based in the North Caucasus, Russia. Formerly he was a Fulbright visiting fellow at Georgetown University (2010-11) and New York University (2015). He is the author of the “Essays on Russian Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and the Middle East.” On Twitter: @Max_A_Suchkov

    #Russie #Syrie #Etats-Unis